The Gospel of Luke


The Writer

Luke, the “beloved Physician,” is the writer. He was a Greek - a Gentile. The first mention of him is in Acts 16:10. “We” endeavored to go into Macedonia. He is mentioned three times in the following Scripture references: Colossians 4:14, Philemon 2:4, and 2 Timothy 4:11. Luke also wrote the book of Acts.


The Date and Recipients


Introduction to the Epistles

So far, we have discussed the historical section of the New Testament, namely the Gospels and Acts. We now turn our attention to the epistles, which could be termed the doctrinal section. Of the twenty-seven books of the New Testament, twenty-one are in the form of letters. Each writer, though inspired by the Spirit, leaves the impress of his own personality on his writings. For instance:

- Paul is the apostle of faith.

- Peter is the apostle of hope.

- John is the apostle of love.

- James is the apostle of works.

- Jude is the apostle of vigilance.


The New Testament is broken up into three groups of writings.

1. Nine Christian Church epistles (Romans – II Thessalonians)



Ephesus was a great city in Asia Minor. She called herself the first city of Asia. Apart from Paul’s visit to Rome, this was the most important center visited by Paul. Ephesus was an important center commercially, intellectually, and religiously. She also boasted one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the glistening temple of Diana, who was the great goddess of the Ephesians (see Acts 19:43).

The history of the Ephesian Church can be traced in detail throughout the New Testament. Paul founded and established the church in Acts 19:20. The spiritual maturity and capacity of the church can be ascertained in that he fed them “strong meat” (see Ephesians 1:3-14). Moreover, this epistle warns against the conflict with evil spirits (see Ephesians 6:10). This was a real menace at Ephesus (see Acts 19:11-17).


The Readers

Galatia was a Roman province in Asia Minor. It was populated chiefly by Gauls who emigrated from France in 300 B.C. They were a very impulsive, changeable people.

This probably accounts for their enthusiastic reception of Paul when he first came to them (see Galatians 4:14). “But ye received me as an angel of God, even as Jesus Christ,” and accounts no doubt for their sudden swing to “another gospel” (see Galatians 1:6).

1 Timothy

Of Paul’s epistles there can be made two divisions. These two divisions make up the prison epistles and the pastoral epistles. The prison epistles consist of Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon, while the pastoral epistles include 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus. These are the latest of Paul’s writings and are dated towards the end of his life.

1 Thessalonians

Paul proceeded on to Thessalonica after his visit to Philippi, where he was flogged (see Acts 16). The record of his visit there is found in Acts 17:1-10. For three Sabbath days he reasoned with them from the Old Testament, showing that Jesus was the Christ. The result was that some of them believed, including some Jews, a great number of Greeks, and some chief women.

2 Corinthians

The Apostle Paul was the writer of this epistle. The epistle was written to the Church at Corinth, but is directed “to all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord” (see 1 Corinthians 1:2).

1 Corinthians

The Apostle Paul was the writer of this epistle. The epistle was written to the Church at Corinth, but is directed “to all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord” (see 1 Corinthians 1:2).

Julius Caesar founded Corinth, the capital of Achaia, Greece, in 45 B.C. It was a great commercial center. It also boasted of one of the greatest temples in the world. This temple was dedicated to the goddess Aphrodite. A vile system of worship was practiced here. This corrupted religion wreaked havoc on the morals of Corinth as a city, and also on the local church, thereby explaining the gross sins denounced in chapter 5.


We have now reached the group of letters known as the Prison Epistles. They are as follows: Philippians, Ephesians, Colossians, and Philemon.

Colossians 2:1 would convey to us that Paul had never visited Colosse, but indirectly this church probably owed its existence to him. See Acts 19:10, which says “all they which dwelt in Asia heard the word of the Lord Jesus.” It is believed that Epaphras and Archipus heard Paul preach at Ephesus and carried the message to their hometown of Colosse. The result was the establishment of an assembly of Christians. The Colossian believers met together and held their meetings in Philemon’s house (see Philemon 2). 

Why did Paul write this letter? 


Walterick Publishers


These outlines, comprising a five year course of Sunday School lessons through the Scriptures, appeared originally in Faithful Words, a gospel magazine. In response to many requests they are now gathered together in one volume.

The reader will observe that one outline appears on each page surrounded by a generous margin upon which the student may place any additional notes and comments resulting from his own study of the lesson, thus enabling him to make these outlines his own. The paper has been specially selected for this purpose.

These outlines have been purposely condensed so that they will be merely suggestive and an encouragement to further study, rather than an excuse to avoid that study and preparation so necessary to the teacher and preacher. All the Scripture references should be looked up and well pondered, and their relation to the lesson determined.

The material for these outlines has been gathered from many sources, and my appreciation is due to all who, by their oral or written ministry, have aided in this direction.

In the introductory pages there will be found a suggestion as to how to best use these outlines, together with other hints to Sunday School teachers and others who are seeking to teach and preach the word of God.

The book goes forth with the desire that God may be pleased to use its contents to the glory of Him Whose incarnation, life, death, resurrection, ascension and ceaseless intercession has made such teaching possible.

—A. P. G. Chicago, Illinois, 1935

Foreword To Fifth Edition

Once again another edition is sent forth, with the same desire as the previous three editions; the glory of Christ and the blessing of the reader.

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