The Outer Court

Lesson 2

Read Exodus 25:1-9 and Exodus 27:9-15. (Background - Hebrews 9) 


The Outer Court

Size: 150 feet by 75 feet by 7 ½ feet.

The cost has been estimated at $1,500,000 before inflation.


The White Linen Fence

The white linen represents Jesus Christ in all His purity and absolute righteousness. [Describe His holiness] He did no sin. He knew no sin. In Him was no sin. The symbol extends beyond this however. The linen was made from flax, and flax is grown from the ground. There is a picture of His sinless humanity, and His earthly ministry. [Describe His humanity] He was the Mediator between God and man (God made flesh, etc. - See John 1).

The Tabernacle Structure

Exodus 26 – Lesson 4


The Tabernacle was constructed according to a Divine plan. God was the Architect and Moses, the General Contractor. There were many skilled workers used. Bezaleel was the foreman. This man was specially endowed with the Holy Spirit. Similarly, we are workers together with Christ in building His Church, but it is not so much working for the Lord as it is working with Him.

Note the measurements of the structure:

    - 45 feet long, 15 feet wide, and 15 feet high

    - The Holy Place was 30 feet long

    - The Holy of Holies was a perfect cube, 15 feet in all directions

(Note the smallness of the chamber). It is also interesting to note that the New Jerusalem is 1,500 miles cubed (See Revelation 21:16). 


The Ark of the Covenant

The Ark and the Mercy Seat were the most important of all the vessels of the Tabernacle. The Ark with the Mercy Seat was the throne of God. Shekinah Glory - God focused His divine presence throughout all the years the Tabernacle was in existence. This is why this innermost chamber was called the Holy of Holies.

The Mercy Seat

Exodus 25:17-22, Leviticus 16:2, Psalm 80:1 - The Mercy Seat and Cherubim were made from one solid piece of beaten gold. This speaks of Christ’s Deity and Glory being one. The only other article similarly constructed was the Golden Lamp Stand. Note the absence of wood. Humanity was not represented in any way. The place of mercy was wholly conceived and wrought by God.

The Covering of the Tabernacle

Exodus 36:1-13


There were four layers of material that covered the tabernacle. The two inner layers were called “curtains.” The two outer layers were called “coverings.” Our study of these coverings will show that they eloquently speak of the glorious person and the victorious work of the Lord Jesus. Like the four Gospels, each covering is complete in itself, but when considered together, they give a full-orbed picture of the Lord.


The Inner Curtain

Let us consider the inner curtain: This set of curtains actually comprised the roof of the tabernacle. Only the priests who ministered in the Holy Place and in the Holy of Holies saw this indescribably beautiful curtain. Being made of fine twined linen, it spoke of the purity of Christ, and also typified His inner glory (note Luke’s presentation of Christ).

In the days of His flesh, most of the people only saw the badger skin (see Isaiah 53). His disciples, on occasion, were able to pierce through the outer coverings and see His divine glory. John 1:14 says, “We beheld His glory.” When Peter wrote his first letter 30 years after the ascension, he vividly recalls his experience on the mount of Transfiguration. “Beloved, we too can see Him in His majestic fullness and unsurpassed glory if we take advantage of our priesthood.”


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