The Gospel of Luke


The Writer

Luke, the “beloved Physician,” is the writer. He was a Greek - a Gentile. The first mention of him is in Acts 16:10. “We” endeavored to go into Macedonia. He is mentioned three times in the following Scripture references: Colossians 4:14, Philemon 2:4, and 2 Timothy 4:11. Luke also wrote the book of Acts.


The Date and Recipients

Jesus' Words from the Cross

The Lord Jesus uttered seven phrases from the cross. The middle phrase was the shuddering cry of desolation and devastation, spoken in a loud voice: “My God, my God why hath thou forsaken me?” (See Matthew 22:46 and Mark 15:34) It is significant what precedes and follows this cry. The first phrase Jesus uttered was, “Father, forgive them for they know not what they do.” (Luke 23:34) Jesus’ final statement, spoken again in a loud voice was, “Father, into Thy hands I commend My Spirit.” (Luke 23:46) Between these two cries there is Emmanuel crying out, once again loudly, to his Father: “My God, my God.” The apostle John is actually the only author of the Gospels who mentions Jesus adding here, “It is finished.” (John 19:30)

Luke 4:16-32


The chief characteristic of this present age is materialism. A wave of rationalism and faithlessness is surfacing around and abroad. Faith is being strangled and many wrecks are being cast upon the hard facts of reason. Faith is a long-lost virtue. It is old fashioned and absolute and does not meet the needs of modern life. “Facts, not faith – substance, not shadow – and present, not future” is the cry today. The Esaus today are selling their birthright for a morsel of bread and losing the blessings of eternity; they are selling their souls for a moment of time.

My days are in the yellow leaf.

The flowers and fruits of life are gone.

The worm and the canker and the grief

Are mine alone. – Lord Byron

“Pleasures are like poppies spread […]” - Burns 

The Lost Coin

The Work of the Holy Spirit in the World

Luke 15:8-10


The parable is as follows: A woman loses a small coin. She lights a candle and seeks diligently until she finds it. The coin is a picture of a lost sinner. The woman is a type of the Holy Spirit seeking and reclaiming men and women for Christ. So then, the parable presents a picture of God, the Spirit, working through the Church to reach the lost. In the whole parable we see the Godhead at work saving the lost. See Luke 15:2, “This man […]” In the elder son, we see a picture of the Pharisees and scribes.


The Age of the Spirit

Prayer in the Believer's Life

Luke 11:1-4


Every believer should schedule an appointed time with God in prayer each day. A believer exercises his priestly function when praying. Our prayers should be intelligent, fervent, and expectant. There are five principles that we must remember concerning our time in prayer:

1. Adoration

2. Petition

3. Confession

4. Intercession

5. Thanksgiving

There is divine intimacy in prayer. Using the phrase Abba-Father can illustrate such a sense of intimacy as it translates, “Daddy.” We become more like our blessed Savior as we spend time in His presence. A life with Christ produces a life like Christ.

Christmas Message - 1982

Luke 2:1-20

The Message of Christmas

Let us begin by asking three questions:

1. What does Christmas mean to the world?

To most it is a meaningless holiday. It is simply a time for family reunion, a time of revelry, and a license for intemperance and indulgence. It has been commercialized beyond recognition. Santa Clause has replaced the Savior.

2. What does Christmas mean to Christendom?

Christendom has tried to make Christmas beautiful. It has created sacred symbols and nativity scenes. It has produced some beautiful carols, cantatas, and oratorios. The forgotten and unwanted Christ is not concentrated on. Despite all this dressing up, many so-called Christians have missed the mark. They fail to see the Christ, the Savior of the world.

3. What does Christmas mean to you?


Luke 11:1


What is prayer? It is the highest activity of which the human spirit is capable. Prayer is communion with God, who is so great, that He fills every corner of the universe. W.M. Gladstone, one time Prime Minister of Great Britain, said that “prayer is the highest exercise of the human intellect.” Burns, the Scottish poet said that “prayer is a correspondence fixed with heaven.” President Eisenhower, addressing a large crowd of college students, ended his 40 minute talk by saying, “Prayer is still the mightiest force in the world and, when used by dedicated men and women, nothing in this world remains impossible.” The Lord Jesus found it so. May we prove it to be so as well.

James Montgomery in his well known hymn said:

“Prayer is the soul’s sincere desire,

Uttered or unexpressed,

The Lost Sheep and the Lost Coin

Luke 15:1-10


Consider first the publicans and sinners (see Luke 16-24). The accusation comes in Luke 15:2, “this man receiveth sinners.” Note that the previous events that had taken place revolved around the woman and the city (see Luke 7). See also the story of Matthew the tax gatherer. It was the accusation of verse 2 that prompted the parable.

When the Lord spoke of the lost sheep, the lost coin, and the lost son, He was describing the “publicans” and “sinners.” The parables are designed to show the activity of the Godhead in the salvation of the lost through the suffering Savior, the lost coin, the seeking Spirit, and the singing Father.

There were three things that stood out in the first parable:

    1. The valve of a soul

    2. The love of the shepherd

The Lost Son

Luke 15:11-24

[Give a short resume of the life of the son.] The father supplied him with everything that he had (see Luke 15:12). Despite his affluence and his wealth, he left the home and his father (see Luke 15:13). There is a philosophy of life, not generally understood, that every faculty and talent that we possess, whether physical, mental or spiritual, we obtain from God. “In him we live and move and have our being”

The son lost everything that he possessed in the far country. He wasted his substance with riotous living (see Luke 15:13-16). The result of this was abject poverty.

Luke 15:17 - He came to himself [explain]

Luke 15:18 - His repentance is depicted here. He says, “I have sinned against heaven and against thee.”

Psalm 51:4 “Against thee, thee only, have I sinned.”

Mary, The Lord's Mother

Mathew 1-2, Luke 1-2, and Acts 1:14

Mary, the Lord’s mother, is the most honored woman in the world. The first mention of her is found in Matt. 1:16, which says, “Mary, of whom was born Jesus.” [Note: it is no longer the word “begot” that is used, but it is “of whom.” This is in the feminine singular.] The meaning of Mary is trouble and sorrow - “Mara.” True to her name, Mary had many bitter experiences.

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