Abraham the Intercessor

Genesis 18:22-33


Faith that is never tested will never grow strong. 1 Peter 1:7.

Faith must be put to work or it will always be weak.

This is the reason that God permits trials and testings, they sometimes test us to the very limit of our endurance, but they are meant for our good. Hebrews 12:11; 1 Corinthians 10:13.

Steel must be tempered by fire to become strong.

A tree must face the storms in order to become strong and be pruned if it is to bring forth fruit. When it is all sunshine it is all desert.

Silver must be constantly polished to remain bright.

The soil must be plowed and broken and crushed before it can bring forth fruit.

So the believer needs to be constantly tried and tested if he is to become fruitful for the lord.

The Assurance of Faith

Genesis 15; Romans 4:1-5


Paul is asking in Romans, “How was Abraham saved? Was it by faith, or by the works of the law?”

In the first three chapters of Romans, Paul has shown the utter depravity of man, and his complete helplessness to save himself by his own works, or by trying to keep the law.

How was Abraham saved? Quote v. 3—“Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.”

In modern language that would mean, “Abraham believed God absolutely, and God canceled his sins and declared him fit for heaven.”

Abraham was saved by faith, four hundred years before the law was given.

This was the principle of salvation in the OT, and it is the same today.

Discuss briefly her some people’s attitude, trying to work for salvation, etc.

The Last Shall Be First

Genesis 13


In order to address the subject of our chapter, we must regress for a few moments.

Before we can discuss “Restoration” we must consider the important subject of “Declension”—a falling away, a deviation from an accepted standard.

God could have met Abraham’s need in the place of trial. God had not deserted him. This was the same God who, in later years, fed Elijah by the brook, rained manna from heaven, filled the disciples’ nets with fish, and fed a multitude from a few loaves and fish.

Abraham did have a problem—at this time Abraham was living in border country. To solve this problem he, in worldly wisdom, went down into Egypt. For this move he had no direction from God, and ultimately he had to pay the price.

While in Egypt several things happened to him:

Genesis 13:5-12

When Abraham miserably failed under testing he went down into Egypt, and Lot went with him.

While there Lot saw the world and tasted its pleasures, this was the first step in his spiritual ruin. Who was responsible for this? Abraham.

Unfortunately he was encouraged in this by an older brother. Lot became a source of grief to Abraham—see v.7.

Poor Abraham’s past mistakes were catching up with him. First, six miserable, fruitless years in Haran, now strife with the family.

“Whatsoever a man sows that shall he also reap.”

Abraham backslid into Egypt, under adversity, he stooped low to save his own skin.

While there he chose a lovely Egyptian maiden to help Sarah, his wife. This action brought endless trouble into his life.

Abraham Under Trial

Genesis 12:10-20


Before we consider Abraham’s frailties as a man let us look for a moment at his greatness.

In God’s eyes Abraham was a great man.

Consider the prominence of the Biblical record given to Abraham.

The first 2000 years of human history are covered in the first eleven chapters of Genesis.

The second section of Genesis begins with the record of Abraham.

Chapters 12-50 cover a period of approximately 400 years. These chapters are devoted entirely to the history of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph.

The other 38 books of the OT deal with the history of the nation which sprang from Abraham—Israel.

The Bible is a book of redemption.

Faith's Demands

Genesis 12:1-9
Hebrews 11:8-10


God finds the sinner.

Notice where God found him (Abraham).

In Ur of the Chaldees—far from the promised land.

“Ur” means flame—“Chaldee” means destruction.

God found Abraham in the place of a flame and in the land of destruction.

This is where God finds every sinner.

In Adam we are alienated from God, we come under His judgment, and live on an earth destined to destruction.

Ephesians 2:12—“That at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world.”

Abraham: Studies in His Life

Read Genesis 11:31-32.

These verses introduce us to Abraham—the friend of God—the father of the faithful.

Abraham was a very important man—the Holy Spirit gives him great prominence in a moment.

The first 2000 years of human history are all covered in the first eleven chapters.

Twenty generations—twenty centuries of history.

The second section begins with a record of Abraham, and please note that chapters 12-50 cover only a period of about 400 years, and is entirely devoted to the history of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Abraham’s great grandson Joseph.

The other 38 books of the Old Testament deals with the history of the nation of Israel which sprang from Abraham.

The rest of the Bible is occupied with and centers in Abraham’s greater Son, the Lord Jesus Christ.

The Bible is a book of Redemption, it is the unveiling of God’s plan of redemption.

First it was Abraham, then Isaac, then Jacob, his children.

From them came the Christ—they refused Him—and he turned to the Gentiles and became not only the Messiah but the Savior of the world.

Salvation is of the Jews—John 4:22; Romans 1:16.

The Bible being a progressive revelation of the character and plan of God. (Heb. 1). Little time is spent in past history. Eleven short chapters covers 2000 years.

God wastes no time in the past.

Beginnings Chapter 1

Written by Moses, 1500 years B.C.

With Genesis began the progressive revelation of God, which culminated in Jesus Christ.

Genesis is the seed plot of the Bible.

In it we have in germ form almost all of the major doctrines which are fully developed in the various books which follow. “Holy men wrote as they were moved,” etc.

1. In Genesis Gad is revealed as the Created God—Genesis 1:1.

2. We also have the first hint of the Blessed Trinity, of a plurality of persons in the Godhead. God—Spirit of God—Son of God—Theophany. “Let us make man in our image”—Genesis 1:26. The Trinity is revealed at the Lord’s baptism.

3. In the book, man is described first as:

    A. The creation of God’s hands

    B. A fallen, sinful being

    C. Brought back to God.

4. The wiles of Satan are also exposed—Genesis 3; 2 Corinthians 4:3, 4. The realm in which he works is spiritual. He overturns the Word of God, casts doubt on its integrity, denies its veracity. More subtle—“You shall NOT surely die.”

5. The truth of salvation is typically displayed. Our fallen parents were clothed by God Himself—Genesis 3:21. To procure those skins death had to come—blood must be shed, the innocent was slain in place of the guilty. Only in this way could man be covered, and only in this way can the sinner be fitted to stand before a holy God.

The Book of Genesis, 1-25

Old Testament (Genesis-Deuteronomy)

Lesson 1: Creation
Genesis 1:1-31
Golden Text: 2 Corinthians 5:17

      I. Creation; V. 1.

1. The Time, “Beginning;” Cp. John 1:1-3; Proverbs 8.

2. The Person—God. Cp. Colossians 1:16-18.

3. The Act—“Created.” Hebrews wd. “Bara” = to create out of nothing. This word is used three times in Genesis 1 and marks the introduction of three great spheres of existence, (1) Of matter, v. 1; (2) of animal life, v. 21; (3) of spirit, v. 21.

II. Chaos; V. 2. The earth not created so. Isaiah 45:18 (“Vain” = without form). It became without form and void—perhaps thru fall of Satan. Isaiah 14:12-17. Note the condition of the earth—typical of state of the unsaved today.

1. Formless. No aim, no object in life, no definiteness. Job 14:4; Eccl. 9:3; Jeremiah 16:12; Romans 8:5-8; Philippians 2:21; Isaiah 57:20.

2. Void—empty, dissatisfied. Cp. Psalm 94:11; Ecc. 1:13; 2:11; Acts 14:15-17; Galatians 6:7-8; Jeremiah 2:13.

3. Dark. Cp. John 1:5; 3:19, 20; Ephesians 6:12; Colossians 1: 13; Acts 26:18; 2 Corinthians 4:3-4.

III. Restoration; Vs. 2-31. The stages of restoration illustrative of stages in new creation, or regeneration. John 3:3.

1. Chaos; V. 2. Cp. Psalms 14:2, 3; Isaiah 57:20; John 3:18-20; Isaiah 53:6; Romans 3:10-19.

2. The Spirit’s moving; V. 2. Conviction. Cp. John 16:8-11; Acts 2:18, 37, etc.

3. Light; V. 3. Cp. John 8:12; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Ephesians 5:8; 1 Peter 2:9; Psalm 119:130.

4. Division; Vs. 4-7. Cp. John 3:36; 7:43; 9:16; 10:19; 2 Corinthians 6:14-18; Leviticus 11:44-47.

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