Apostle Paul: Epistle to the Ephesians

In the Epistle to the Ephesians we see Paul revealing a mystery to both Jew and Gentile. In times past, Paul persecuted the saints even unto death, but the Lord chose Paul to reveal the mystery that had been previously hidden in God. Paul revealed God’s plan unto the Gentiles - they too would be accepted in the beloved. The walls had been broken down; no longer would there be a division amongst God’s people.

Through the redeeming power of our Lord’s shed blood, He once and forever paid the price for sin. Paul explains that by love and the grace of God we have been accepted through the shed blood. Paul tells the saints that we are no longer to be under the law. We are no longer outside the gate. We now have a mediator, a Great High Priest, who has interceded and still intercedes for us at the right hand of God.

The Body of Christ

Ephesians 4:7-16

Ephesians 4:7 - The truth of the unity of the body of Christ has a twin truth, namely the diversity of its members. Each member has a particular role assigned. No two members are alike, and no two have the same function. The part to be played by each one is assigned according to the measure of the gift of Christ, that is, He does as He sees fit. As each member fulfills his appointed work, the body of Christ grows both spiritually and numerically. The grace mentioned here would be the unlimited strength and wisdom, commensurate with the gift received. 




Ephesus was a great city in Asia Minor. She called herself the first city of Asia. Apart from Paul’s visit to Rome, this was the most important center visited by Paul. Ephesus was an important center commercially, intellectually, and religiously. She also boasted one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the glistening temple of Diana, who was the great goddess of the Ephesians (see Acts 19:43).

The history of the Ephesian Church can be traced in detail throughout the New Testament. Paul founded and established the church in Acts 19:20. The spiritual maturity and capacity of the church can be ascertained in that he fed them “strong meat” (see Ephesians 1:3-14). Moreover, this epistle warns against the conflict with evil spirits (see Ephesians 6:10). This was a real menace at Ephesus (see Acts 19:11-17).

Ephesians 5, Part 3

Walk In Love (Ephesians 5:1-5)

Ephesians 5:1-2 - In Ephesians 5, Paul discusses the social conduct of the believer. We are called upon to be imitators of God as beloved children. Furthermore, we are instructed to walk in love. The Spirit immediately gives us the standard of that love - just as Christ loved us. The term sacrifice implies the notion of bloodshed. As an offering, Christ’s death was voluntary, but as a sacrifice, His death was costly. This sacrifice was well pleasing to God. It was a fragrant aroma to Him; for He was perfectly satisfied with the Lord’s sacrifice. If we walk in love—and love our brethren as Christ loved us, the sacrifices involved will be a fragrant aroma to God. 


Ephesians 6, Part 2

Ephesians 5:33 - Paul closes this particular section on marriage by saying that a husband must love his wife as he loves himself. And that the wife must see to it that she respects her husband.


Children and Parents (Ephesians 6:1-4)

Ephesians 6:1-3 - Children are directly addressed in the section. God is speaking directly to them Himself. He is not relaying a message through their parents. The message is that they are to obey their parents. One of the characteristics of the last days is disobedience (see 2 Timothy 3:1-2). This has come about through many avenues; among them, the complete disregard for the authority of God’s Word and the teaching of the evolutionary philosophy, which denies God’s power.

There are three reasons why children should obey their parents:

Ephesians 6

The truths of the first nine verses of this chapter are a continuation of the theme introduced in chapter 5. In Ephesians 5, the Spirit-filled wife is subject to her husband. In this chapter, we learn that Spirit-filled children obey their parents (see Ephesians 6:1-3).


Ephesians 6:1-3

The phrase “in the Lord” is interesting. Paul undoubtedly has the Christian family in view. Christian children should obey their parents with the attitude that they are obeying the Lord. Secondly, it means that they should obey in all matters which are in accordance with the will of God. In the case of being ordered to do that which is contrary to the will of God, they should continuously refuse and suffer any consequences meekly.

Paul gives four reasons why children should obey their parents:

Ephesians 5


Ephesians 5:1-17 describes the walk of the believer. In this section, the things that are permissible and the sins that are not permissible are described.

Ephesians 5:18-21 provides a description of the inner life of a spirit-filled believer.

Ephesians 5:22-33 describes the married life of Spirit-filled believers.


The Christian Walk (Ephesians 5:17)

Ephesians 5:1 - “Be imitators of God.”

Ephesians 5:2 - “Walk in love.”

Do we love God? The standard of that love is to love as Christ has loved us. Christ’s love was a burnt offering to God. As we love our brethren and sisters in this way, it ascends as a fragrant aroma to God.


Ephesians 3

The Function of the Church, the Mystery, Christ and the Church


In this chapter, Paul’s present position in jail and its cause are brought before us. Because he preached to the Gentiles, the Jews were angry with him. See Acts 22:21-22, Acts 13:46, and Acts 21:29. This resulted in his arrest in Jerusalem and his ultimate imprisonment in Rome, the city from which he wrote this letter. This was one of his prison epistles. A greater bondage claimed him—he was a prisoner of Jesus Christ.

Ephesians 3:2

The Practical Section

The Practical Section

This part of the epistle contains practical instructions and exhortations for the believer. The practical issues discussed should flow from the lives of believers who comprehend the magnificent doctrinal truths expounded in the first half of the epistle.

Ephesians 4:1-3 - Paul begins this section in verse one with an exhortation to walk worthy of our vocation; that is, our calling or summons from God, being chosen by God. We have to walk before God and men with all lowliness, humility, meekness, gentleness, longsuffering, and patience - making allowances for one another (verse two). These attributes are to characterize our walk. [In the first three chapters we are living in the “heavenlies.” In the last three we are in the Church and in the world.]

Verse 3 says, “Endeavoring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.” This suggests giving diligence and earnestly striving. We are to keep this unity, not make it. See Eph. 2 – Oneness - The Holy Spirit indwelling and empowering each believer is the true source of unity.

Ephesians 4:4-6 - Three spheres are suggested in the next three verses: the inward sphere, the outward sphere, and the sphere of creation. Let us look at each more closely (for our own purposes here, let’s omit the words “there is”):

    - The Inwards Sphere (Eph. 4:4) - One body- one spirit. This would be the inner most circle. They represent that which is inward and not seen. In the earlier chapters, the body is the great theme. However, men on earth never see it. What men see instead is a baffling array of bodies, each claming to be the body. This one body is vitalized by one Spirit and looks forward to one hope. The unseen Holy Spirit is the prominent one here.

Ephesians 4

v. 7 “But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ.”

From v. 7 thru 16 we have the divine program for the proper functioning of the Body of Christ.

Each born-again believer has been given a gift from the Lord, and with it the grace or ability to use it.

Some gifts are of a public character other gifts are not.

But whatever the nature of the gift it is important to realize that every believer has something he can contribute to the blessing of the Body of Christ.

In the Body of Christ “every believer” has his place, given to him by Christ or the Holy Spirit. The ideal assembly is one on which each believer has found out, from the risen Lord, his gift and place in the body, and functions accordingly. We should remember that whatever the gift, public or hidden, important or menial, God provides the spiritual ability—strength to operate it. Wisdom.

v. 8

This is a difficult verse.

The traditional view is as follows (describe)

This view is arrived at because of the interpretation put on the words “captivity captive.” = a “multitude of captives.”

The phrase “captivity captive” is found in Judges 5:12.

“Awake, awake, Deborah: awake and utter a song: Arise, Barak, and lead captivity captive.”

This could only mean one thing “lead him captive who held you captive.”

The meaning of our present passage seems clear in the light of this. Our blessed Lord in His triumph over death lead captive him who had the power of death up to that time.

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