F. W. Grant

Chapter 14 - Sheol, Hades, and Paradise

We are now to consider what is indeed but a secondary point, but one which will help to give completeness to this sketch of the scripture doctrine of the soul’s immortality. The word "hades" (hell, Auth. vers.) is found, as we have already seen, in the story of Lazarus and the rich man. The representative of the word in the Old Testament is sheol. "Paradise" is found in the Lord’s reply to the dying thief, and in 2 Cor. xii., where Paul tells us he knew a man in Christ ca...

Chapter 13 - Objections from the Old Testament

I now proceed to consider the objections which are made to the views I have expressed, grounded upon the supposed plain teaching of many passages of Scripture. It is a point worthy of attention, however, at the outset, that these passages are, with few and slight exceptions, all found in the Old Testament, and especially in three books which lie near together in the middle of it (united really, I doubt not, in many respects) Job, Psalms, and Ecclesiastes. To show this I me...

Chapter 30 - Judgment: When and Where?

We must now proceed to what comes after death. And here, before we can come to details, there are some misconceptions as to the very idea of judgment which we must examine by the light of Scripture, and seek to remove. In Mr. Constable’s volume upon Hades, so often referred to in the earlier stages of our inquiry, he has two chapters of considerable importance to his argument which we have as yet scarcely glanced at.† Their subjects are respectively, "The Time of Judgm...

Chapter 31 - The Doom of Satan

The very personality of Satan is, as everybody is aware, denied in many quarters in the present day. The only people with whom we have to do just now, however, who deny this, are the followers of Dr. Thomas. With these men, self-consistently enough, the devil is simply a personification of sin, which, however, may be represented apparently by a variety of living agents, in order to get rid of the distasteful idea of separate personality and yet meet the texts in which personal...

Chapter 44 - Last Words with Restorationists

Much of what has been said as to the doctrine of conditional immortality is true of the other form of the denial of eternal punishment. Especially the quarrel with Scripture is even more plain, and its authority as a consequence more directly attacked. There are those, as in the former case, who must be admitted as exceptions, whose arguments, however illogical, seek at least to preserve its authority. Yet even Mr. Jukes maintains, as we have seen, that "taken in the letter, t...

Appendix - Annihilationism - 1. Edward White: "Life in Christ"

Edward White's "Life in Christ" has been here and there referred to in the body of the present book. But a volume of five hundred and thirty-eight well-filled pages, by one who is considered the father of "Conditional Immortality" in England, may well demand a more extensive notice. It can be, after all, but brief, and the main points have been already dealt with; so that in much, a mere reference to this will be sufficient. Our review will be strictly supplementary. His "...

Appendix - Annihilationism - 2. J. H. Pettingell: "The Theological Trilemma"

Mr. Pettingell’s book appeared about the time my own was published. It professes to be largely independent of kindred influences, "written under such circumstances of isolation as prevented all access to the volumes of his own or of any other library." "He has attempted simply to express his own sentiments, not those of other men." Yet both methods and results differ little from other writers of his school. We have but space for the review of the Scripture arguments, and ind...

Appendix - Annihilationism - 3. W. R. Hart: "Eternal Purpose"

Mr. Hart’s book need not detain us long. He is a disciple of Mr. Morris, whose errors he reproduces, even to the rendering of "living soul" as "vigorous breather," and of basanismos (torment) as "putting to the proof." For him, also, "man, as descended from Adam, consists of a soul and body; the new man in Christ Jesus is body, soul, and spirit" (p. 108). Adam himself had "a ‘pneumatic capacity,’ - that is, he was so constituted as to be capable of receiving a spiritual ...

Appendix - Annihilo-Restorationism - 1. L. C. Baker: "The Fire of God's Anger"

Simple annihilationism has probably passed through all the forms of which it is capable. It varies but in proportion to the materialism on which it is ingrafted, or from which it springs. Of these, too, the most materialistic are those that prevail most. They are the most self-consistent if the most removed from Christianity; and thus the tendency here is rapidly downward. Restorationism, on the other hand, verges naturally to the opposite pole of a hyperspiritualism. Resu...

Appendix - Annihilo-Restorationism - 2. C. T. Russell: "Overcomers"

I do not know that those of whom I have now to speak would claim the title of "Overcomers" as distinctively theirs. It is, however, a popular name for them, which has evidently its ground in some of their known doctrines. I use it thus for the body of people not long since arisen whose headquarters are in Alleghany, Pennsylvania. and whose monthly organ, edited by C. T. Russell, is "Zion’s Watchtower." Mr. Russell himself seems to be not merely the head but the whole ins...
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