F. W. Grant

Chapter 28 - The New Testament Scriptures as to the Judgment of the World

We are now free to enter upon the New Testament, unembarrassed by the questions which would otherwise divert us too far from the study of the special texts which we shall now have to consider. And in order to pursue our study of the subject with more clearness, we shall first seek to separate from the texts which speak of final judgment those which speak of the judgment of the living when the Lord appears. We have already looked at this from the side of the Old Testament, ...

Chapter 29 - The Resurrection of Judgment

F.W.GRANTThe Lord, in the 5th chapter of the gospel of John, declares as distinct the "resurrection of life" and "the resurrection of judgment." I have before noticed that the word "damnation" in this place (as in ver. 24. the word "condemnation") is the ordinary word for "judgment." Dr. Farrar, it is well known, has raised the question as to whether the former word and its cognates really occur at all in the New Testament. I should agree with him entirely in discarding them i...

Chapter 22 - The Provisional Character of Death

We now come to look at a point of great importance in many respects, and which has been indeed already spoken of, but not fully proved or dwelt upon as it deserves. I mean the provisional and temporary character of the first death. We have already argued that the penalty attaching to the eating of the forbidden tree was simply this, and did not at all (as so many beside Mr. Constable assume) include in, it "all that God purposed to inflict upon Adam and his posterity in ca...

Chapter 21 - A Further Survey of the Scripture Terms

Death and destruction are clearly Scripture phrases for the end of the wicked. But the first is never extinction as we have seen, and all this class of texts are clearly against the views they are quoted for. Destruction again is the ruin of the thing or being of which it is predicated, but by no means its passing out of being. The importance of the point is such, however, that we shall again review the matter in company with others of Mr. Constable’s school of thought, al...

Chapter 20 - The New Testament Terms

He begins, of course, with the word so decisive, one way or other, to his cause - with "death." He quotes a number of the passages in which this is applied to the punishment of the wicked,* without the smallest effort to show that its terms ‘death’ or ‘to die’ have any new sense placed on them. *John vi. 50; viii. 51; xi. 26; Rom. vi. 21-23; viii. 13; 2 Cor. ii. 16; James i. 15; v. 20; Rev. xx. 14. Now if this be so, and we bear with us the remembrance of wh...

Chapter 19 - Destruction and its Kindred Term - The Old Testament

We shall still mainly follow Mr. Constable, because he is the one appealed to by his colleagues as the principal authority on the subject, and because he certainly claims to give very distinctly the whole vocabulary of words relating to it. Indeed, I may say the main part of his argument depends upon this. But his strength and his weakness lie very near together, as we may shortly see. He gives us first the Old Testament phrases, and foremost of these the passages which sp...

Chapter 18 - The First Sentence

As I have said, I do not refuse to consider the moral aspects of the present question. But just now we are occupied with what must necessarily precede all such considerations. The facts must be before us before there can be any proper appreciation of them. We are searching for the facts of the case, and any preliminary moral reasoning would be out of place would hinder and not help our investigation. The question of penalty stirs all the feelings of our heart, and there ar...

Chapter 17 - Eternal Life: What is It?

It will be remembered that the word used in the New Testament for the life that the righteous enter upon as their eternal condition is always the same word. It is not psuche but zoe. It ought not to be needful to insist upon this again. Gen. Goodwyn, as we have seen, fully admits it, and tries to make capital of it in his own peculiar way. As however Mr. Roberts has made, in his review of my former book, one final effort to overthrow this position, We shall again listen t...

Chapter 16 - Immortality: Is it Conditional?

The course we shall pursue in our examination is briefly this: first, we shall seek out the meaning and use of the terms which are employed in Scripture in relation to this subject; then we shall look at the prophetic outline of the future, so far as may be needed to connect and apply the various passages; next, we shall try and fill in this scheme with the passages which bear upon the successive events which it marks out; and finally, give some attention to the ethical questi...

Chapter 15 - The Authority and Use of Scripture

PART 3. - THE ETERNAL ISSUES (Chapters 15-44) Hitherto we have been considering the arguments of only a section, although a large and important section, of those whose views we are examining. We are now to look at the final issues of life or death eternal. And here there are two classes of objectors to the common views: those commonly called "annihilationists" on the one side, but who prefer for their views the designation of "conditional immortality"; and those who on the ...
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