New Testament (Matthew-John)

Lesson 133: Christ In The Old Testament
Luke 24:44-48; John 5:31-37
Golden Texts John 5:39

The Old Testament is devoted to the prophetic revelation of One Person—Christ; and the exposition of one theme—Redemption. Hebrews 10:7; Luke 24:27; John 5:39.

The Lord Jesus Christ is revealed in many ways in the O. T., but chiefly by prophecy and type.

I. Prophesied. There are 333 distinct prophecies concerning: Christ in the O. T., many of which have been fulfilled and others yet to be fulfilled.

1. As a Man. Genesis 3:15; Galatians 4:4. Note it is “the seed of the woman, not the man,” i.e., the virgin birth.

2. Of Shem. Genesis 9:26. He was to be of the Shemetic or Semetic race.

3. The Nation. Abraham. Genesis 12:1-3; 22:18.

4. The Tribe—Judah. Genesis 49:10; cp. Revelation 5:5; Hebrews 7:14.

5. The family—David. 2 Samuel 7:11; Jeremiah 23:5, 6, Isaiah 11:1, 2; Matthew 1:6; 22:42-46.

6. The Town. Micah 5:2; Matthew 2:4-6.

7. The Person. Luke 1:30-33; Isaiah 9:6.

8. The Day. Luke 2:11. Cp. Daniel 9:24-27. This coincides to the exact day when Christ made His triumphal entry into Jerusalem. See Sir Robert Anderson’s, “The Coming- Prince.”

9. Manner of birth. Isaiah 7:14; 1 Timothy 3:16. He was to be virgin-born.

10. Manner of Life. Isaiah 53:1-3.

11. Manner of Work. Isaiah 42:1, 2; 6, 7; 61:1.

12. Rejection. Isaiah 49:5-7; Isaiah 53:5, 6.

13. Manner of death. Daniel 9:25; Isaiah 53:8; Psalm 22:7.

14. Purpose of death. Psalm 22:22-27; Daniel 9:24; Isaiah 53:6.

15. Resurrection. Psalm 16:10; Acts 2:27.

16. Ascension. Psalm 68:18; Ephesians 4:8.

17. Coming Again. Zach. 14:4, etc. We can now appreciate the feelings of the disciples as Christ expounded unto them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself.

II. Typified. These types are pictures or illustrations given in the Old Testament of the Person and work of the Lord Jesus Christ

They can be divided into the three-fold classification of persons, incidents and things.

1. Persons. Such as (1) Adam, Romans 5:14-19; 1 Corinthians 15:22. (2) Moses, Deuteronomy 18:15, 18. (3) Aaron, Hebrews 9:7-12. (4) Joshua, Hebrews 4:8, 9. (5) David and Solomon, 2 Samuel 7:12-16. (6) Jonah, Matthew 12:40. (7) Melchisedec, Hebrews 5:10, etc.

2. Incidents. There are very many of these (1) The Passover, Exodus 12; cp. 2 Corinthians 5:7. (2) The Brazen Serpent, Numbers 21; cp. John 3:15. (3) The Manna, Exodus 16; cp. John 6:33-35. (4) Smitten Rock, Exod. 17; cp. 1 Corinthians 10:4, 6.

3. Things. (1) The Offerings of Leviticus. Cp. Hebrews 10:1-14. (2) The Tabernacle and its furniture; Exodus 25. Cp. Hebrews 9:1-14.

Lesson 134: Birth Of John The Baptist
Luke 1:5-23, 56-80
Golden Text: Luke 1:77-78

I. His Godly Parentage. Vs. 5, 6. Stress the great value of a godly Christian home and the responsibility of Christian parents. Ephesians 6:1-4; 2 Timothy 1:5; 3:14, 15.

1. A good position, “Righteous before God.” Cp. Romans 3:10, 21-26.

2. A good condition, “Blameless.” Cp. Philippians 2:15.

3. A good attitude. Prayerful. V. 13. Cp. Philippians 4:6, 7.

II. The Angelic Message. Vs. 8-23.

1. The ministry of Angels. (1) Messengers; Genesis 19, etc. (2) Ministers; Hebrews 1:14. (3) Protectors; Psalm 91:11. This subject is little known, taught and understood, and we are the losers thereby.

2. Prayer heard. Vs. 12, 13. Psalm 65:2; Proverbs 15:29; Isaiah 65:24.

3. A son promised. Vs. 13, 14. John was to be a Nazarite from his babyhood. Cp. Judges 13:14 and Jeremiah 1:5.

4. His mission. Vs. 15-17. (1) The power for it; v. 15. The Holy Spirit. Cp. Zach. 4:6; Acts 1:8. (2) The purpose of it. Vs. 16, 17. To be the herald of the coming Saviour. Conviction. Cp. Matthew 3:1-8. (3) The result of it, “To make ready a people.”—Conversion. Note some things “prepared.” (a) Hearts; 1 Samuel 7:3. (b) People; Luke 1:17. (c) Supper; Matthew 22:4. (d) Blessings; 1 Corinthians 2:9. (e) Service; 2 Timothy 2:21. (f) Supply; Psalm 23:5. (g) Home; John 14:2.

5. Unbelief and its consequence. V. 18:23.

III. The Divine Fulfillment. Vs. 57-80.

1. Zacharias’ prophecy. Vs. 67-79.

(1) Its power. V. 67. Cp. Acts 4:7, 8, etc. Acts 13:9-11; Ephesians 5:18-20.

        (2) Its content. 68-79. (a) Worship to God for His faithfulness to His Own word. Vs. 68-75. (b) Ministry of John foreshadowed. Vs. 76-79. The Messenger. V. 76. The Message. Vs. 77, 78. Remission of sins and assurance of Salvation, (c) Ministry of Christ foretold. Vs. 78, 79. (aa) His Title. V. 78. “Dayspring.” Numbers 24:17; Malachi 4:2. (bb) His Origin. V. 78. “From on high.” Cp. John 1:1-4; Hebrews 1:1-4. (cc) His work. V. 79. 1. Light. Cp. John 8:12; 12:35, 36, 46. Light on man’s sinfulness, God’s love, Christ’s Person, God’s way of salvation, and the believer’s blessedness. “Let there be light!” 2. Guidance. He guides powerfully (Exodus 15:13); skilfully (Psalm 78:72); continually (Isaiah 58:11). John 10:3. 4, 27. 3. Peace. This peace has been made. Made. Colossians 1:21. Proffered. Ephesians 2:17. Possessed. Romans 5:1.

        (3) Its source—”Tender mercy.” Cp. Titus 2:11; Ephesians 2:4; Exodus 34:6, 7; Jeremiah 29:11.

2. John’s growth. V. 80. Cp. The growth of the believer. See 2 Peter 3:18; 2 Thessalonians 1:3; 1 Thessalonians 4:9, 10; Acts 9:22; 2 Corinthians 9:8-10; 1 Corinthians 15:58.

Lesson 135: The Birth Of Christ
Luke 1:26-35, 46-55; Matthew 1:18-25; Luke 2:1-17
Golden Text: Matthew 1:21

I. Predicted. All the prophecies of the O. T. were like so many sign posts that pointed to the Coming One Who should fulfill them all in Himself.

1. His Humanity. Genesis 3:15.

2. His Deity. Isaiah 9:6, 7; Luke 2:35.

3. His Eternity. Micah 5:2; Proverbs 8:23-30. From the infinite heights of eternal glory He came to the simplicity of a human body. He Who was rich became poor. 2 Corinthians 8:9, John 1:1; 8:58, etc.

II. Announced. Luke 1:26-35.

1. The Salutation. Vs. 26-30. Gabriel. Cp. Luke 1:19. See also Daniel 8:16; 9:21.

2. The Annunciation. Vs. 31-35. (1) His Position. Vs. 32, 33. “He shall be great.” Cp. Great (1) Savior, Titus 2:13. (2) Ransom, Job 36:18. (3) Mercy. 1 Chronicles 21:13. (4) Salvation, Hebrews 2:3. (5) Faithfulness, Lamentations 2:23. (6) Goodness, Psalm 31:19. (7) Glory, Psalm 21:5. (2) His Person. V. 35. “The Son of God.” Christ is the Eternal Son of the Eternal Father Who through the Eternal Spirit offered Himself.

3. The Exaltation; vs. 46-55. John 3:16; 1:8; Romans 5:8. Some facts about Mary. (1) She was highly favored; Luke 1:28. (2) She knew she needed a Savior; Luke 1:47. (3) She needed a sin offering; Luke 2:22-24. (4) She needed to be taken care of; John 19:26. (5) She needed a home; John 19:27. (6) She needed prayer; Acts 1:14. (7) She needed and received the Holy Spirit; Acts 1:4; 2:1-4. (8) She left behind one striking injunction; John 2:5. There is no thought in the N. T. of exalting Mary to the place of worship. This is a pure invention of man.

III. The Purpose.

1. To unfold God’s love. 1 John 3:16.

2. To save from sins. Matthew 1:21; Luke 19:10; Mark 10:45.

3. To destroy the works of the Devil. 1 John 3:8; Hebrews 2:14; Luke 11:21, 22.

IV. The Manner.

1. The taxation. Luke 2:1-4. Cp. Romans 13:1.

2. The crowded inn. Luke 2:7. No room for Him. Cp. Revelation 3:20; Philippians 2:21.

3. The lowly birth. Luke 2:7, 12. Cp. Philippians 2:5-8; Hebrews 2:9, 14.

4. The heavenly announcement. Luke 2:8-14. Cp. Matthew 11:25. (1) The fearing shepherds. Vs. 8, 9. Cp. Isaiah 6:1-5, etc. (2) The angelic message. Vs. 8-14. (a) A message of comfort. “Fear not.” (b) A message of joy. “Good tidings,” lit., “gospel.” (c) A message of salvation. “A Savior.” (3) The heavenly chorus. Vs. 13, 14.

5. The obedient audience; vs. 15-17. (1) What they said; v. 15. (2) What they saw; v. 16. (3) What they did; v. 17.

Lesson 136: The Wonderful Name
Matthew 1:21; Luke 2:21-52
Golden Text: Isaiah 9:6

I. The Name. Matthew 1:21; Luke 2:21.

What’s in a name? Read Proverbs 22:1; Ecclesiastes 7:1; Proverbs 10:7. The key that unlocks the wonders of His Name is “wonderful.” in His Name there is wonderful

1. Dignity given to His Name by God. Matthew 1:21. Cp. Philippians 2:10, 11.

2. Power manifested in His Name. Acts 4:12; Matthew 28:18; Luke 5:24, etc.

3. Salvation through His Name. Matthew 1:21. (1) The need of it. Romans 3:10-19; Mark 7:21; Isaiah 1:4, etc. (2) The fact of it. 1 Peter 2:24; John 3:15-18; Romans 5:7, 8, etc. (3) The offer of it. Acts 4:12; 10:43; 13:38; 16:31, etc. (4) The possession of it. 1 John 2:12; 5:13, etc.

4. Life obtained through faith in His Name. John 20:31; 5:24; 6:47; 3:16; 4:14; Colossians 3:3, 4.

5. Glory associated with His Name. He had glory (1) At beginning of His life. Luke 2:9. (2)At commencement of His ministry. Matthew 3:16, 17. (3) At middle of His ministry. Matthew 17:2-5. (4) At close. John 12:28. (5) At ascension. Acts 1:9, 11. (6) At second coming. Matthew 26:64. (7) For all eternity. Revelation 5:9; Philippians 2:10, 11.

6. Promises wrapped up in His Name. John 14:13; 16:23, 24; Philippians 4:6-8, 19.

7. Victory guaranteed through His Name. Luke 10:17; 1 Corinthians 15:59; Revelation 5:5-14; S. of S. 1:3. Is His Name precious to you?

II. The Presentation. Luke 2:22-24.

1. The place—Jerusalem. The place where God had put His Name. Deuteronomy 12:5; 1 Kings 14:21

2. The poverty—as seen in the offering. Cp. Leviticus 12:8; Philippians 2:7; 2 Corinthians 8:9; Matthew 8:20.

III. The Prophecy. Vs. 26-38.

1. Simeon’s. Vs. 26-35. (1) Its Source. Vs. 25-27. The Holy Spirit. (2) Its content. Christ’s Person and work. Vs. 28-32. What had Simeon in his arms? God’s salvation. Have you this as your present possession? See Isaiah 12:2. (3) Its Effect. V. 33. Note. Simeon puts the Gentiles first and Israel second—Evident proof of the Spirit’s inspiration for no Jew would naturally do this.

2. Anna’s; vs. 36-38. Note the godly remnant who “looked for redemption.”

IV. The Progress; vs. 39-52.

1. His natural and physical growth; v. 10. Cp V. 52.

2. His spiritual growth; v. 52.

3. His sojourn in Jerusalem. Vs. 41-51. (1) The occasion. V. 42. (2) The missed Son. Vs. 44, 45. (3) The astonished doctors. V. 46. (4) The Divine testimony. V. 49. His first recorded utterance. See His last “Finished!” John 19:30. Cp. John 4:34; 5:17; 9:4; 17:4. See “The Father’s business.” (a) To reveal Him; John 1:14. (b) To do His will; Luke 22:42. (c) To proclaim His words; John 17:8. (d) To glorify His Name; John 12:28. (e) To unfold His love; John 16:27 (f) To accomplish His work: John 9:4. (g) To bring all His own to His house: John 14:2.

Lesson 137: The Visit Of The Wise Men
Matthew 2:1-23
Golden Text: Proverbs 8:17

I. The Persevering Seekers. Matthew 2:1.

1. Their description, “Wise men.” Cp. Proverbs 2:1-5; Jeremiah 29:13; Deuteronomy 32:29; Proverbs 9:12. Are you a wise person?

2. Their guide, “Star.” Cp. Numbers 24:17. The One Who created all things and Who “made the stars also” (Genesis 1:16), saw to it that a star marked His birthplace.

3. Their earnestness. “From East.” They came from “afar off.” Ephesians 2:13; Isaiah 59:1, 2. Cp. Jeremiah 29:13; Isaiah 55:6; Proverbs 2:3-5.

II. The Perplexed Inquirers. Matthew 2:2.

1. Their question: “Where is He?” Here is the first question in the New Testament. Cp. The first question asked by God in the O. T. Genesis 3:9, “Where art thou?” is dependent on “Where is He?” “Is Christ in you?” Colossians 1:27; Revelation 3:20; Ephesians 3:17. Only as Christ dwells within as Savior and Lord can there be real peace and prosperity.

2. Its result, “troubled.” They who should have been overjoyed were troubled. Why? Because of unbelief, sin and formalism. Isaiah 57:20, 21. The thought of Christ troubles the unsaved because of their rejection of Him.

III. The Prophesied Birthplace. Vs. 3-6. Cp. Micah 5:2.

1. The place—Bethlehem. “The place of bread.” Cp. John 6:33-35.

2. The Person. (1) His Humanity. “Ruler in Israel.” As David’s Son this was His right. He was the rightful Heir to Israel’s throne. (2) His Deity. “Everlasting.” Cp. Revelation 22:13; Hebrews 1:8; Zechariah 13:7. “My Fellow.”

IV. The Perfidious King. Vs. 7, 8, 13, 16-18.

1. His false reverence. Vs. 7, 8. Cp. Isaiah 29:13; Luke 6:40; Matthew 7:21.

2. His foul intention. V. 13. Cp. John 3:19, 20; Psalm 2:1, 2.

3. His fearful deed. Vs. 16-18. Herod was but one of a line of black hearted and black living sinners. See Matthew 14:1-10; Luke 23:7-11; Acts 12:1-3.

V. The Person Discovered. Vs. 9-12.

1. Their guide. Cp. the star to God’s word which leads to God’s Son. Psalm 119:105, 130; John 5:39; Luke 24:27, 44; Hebrews 10:7.

2. Result. (1) Joy. V. 10. Jeremiah 15:16. (2) Worship. Cp. John 4:23, 24.

VI. The Precious Gifts. Vs. 11, 12.

1. Opened treasures. When Christ is seen, the treasures will be opened and laid at His feet. Have we presented Him with our heart’s trust, devotion and service? Cp. Romans 6:13; 12:1; 2 Corinthians 8:5; Hebrews 13:15.

2. Their departure. V. 12. Cp. Job 33:14-17.

VII. The Pilgrimage to Egypt. Vs. 14, 15. Cp. The pilgrimage from Egypt; Exodus 13:17-22.
What a contrast! The One Who had led them out of Egypt by the cloud and fire now goes into Egypt as a little Babe!

Lesson 138: Ministry Of John The Baptist
Matthew 3:1-12; Luke 3:1-18; John 1:19-29
Golden Text: John 1:29

I. His Preparation.

1. He was filled with the Spirit. Luke 1:15; Ephesians 5:18; John 3:3-5; Romans 8:9. Apart from this filling there can be no effective service for God.

2. He steadily grew spiritually. Luke 1:80; 2 Peter 3:18.

3. He was separated from the world. Luke 1:80; 1 John 2:15-17; 2 Timothy 2:21.

4. He practiced self-denial. Matthew 3:4; Luke 14:26, 27.

II. His Commission. Luke 3:1, 2.

Note how God first calls attention to the great and mighty, and then passes over them and chooses the lowly John as His messenger and ambassador. Cp. 1 Corinthians 1:19-21, 26-29.

1. Its Source—God. One with God is always a majority.

2. Its Content—The word of God. 1 Peter 1:23-25.

3. Its effect—Obedience to God’s word. V. 3.

III. His Character.

1. His Faith. Matthew 3:11. In the coming One. John 1:29.

2. Humility. Matthew 3:14; John 3:30. Cp. Luke 18:14.

3. Obedience. Luke 3:3. Cp. 1 Samuel 15:22; Luke 6:46.

4. Consecration. John 1:23. He was but a “voice” through whom Gou spake. 1 Corinthians 3:5; Isaiah 6:8; Romans 12:1, 2.

5. Devotion. John 1:36. His vision filled by Christ. Philippians 3:10.

6. Faithfulness. Mark 6:18; Cp. 2 Corinthians 4:2; Luke 16:10.

7. Fearlessness. Matthew 3:7. He called sin by its right name and denounced the sinner to his face. See Isaiah 58:1. Note (1) The testimony of Herod; Mark 6:20. (2) The testimony of Christ; Luke 7:28.

IV. His Message.

1. Repentance toward God. Luke 3:3-15. Cp. Acts 20:21. By repentance is meant a change of mind produced in the sinner that causes him to change his attitude towards God, sin, Christ, himself and salvation. (1) The authority for it—The word of God; vs. 3-6. Cp. 1 Thessalonians 2:13. (2) The reason for it—depravity of Israel; vs. 7-9. a. Their description, “Vipers.” Cp. Romans 3:9-19. b. Their condition—Nationally proud; v. 8. But the axe, laid at the root, lays bare every subterfuge and exposes their true condition. Cp. Isaiah 28:17. c. Their danger, “fire;” v. 9. Job 36:18, 1 Thessalonians 1:8, 9. d. Their questions; vs. 10-14. Cp. Acts 16:30, 31.

2. Faith toward Christ. John 1:29-36. Cp. Acts 20:21. (1) As Sin Bearer; John 1:29, Isaiah 53:5, 6; 2 Corinthians 5:21, 1 Peter 2:24. (2) As Example; John 1:35-37, 1 Peter 2:21, Hebrews 12:1-3. (3) As
Saviour; John 3:27-36.

Lesson 139: The Baptism Of Christ
Matthew 3:11-17; John 1:19-34
Golden Text: Matthew 3:17

I. The Baptist’s Annunciation.

1. His personal testimony as to his own (1) Person. John 1:19-23. What he was not and what he was. (2) Work. John 1:23; Matthew 3:10, 11.

2. His prophecy as to Christ’s (1) Person, (a) The eternity of His being. John 1:15. Cp. Colossians 1:17; Matthew 3:11. (b) His essential Deity. John 1:34. (2) Work. Matthew 3:11, 12; John 1:29. (a) As Lamb of God. John 1:29. (b) As Dispenser of Holy Spirit. Matthew 3:11. (c) As Judge of whole earth. Matthew 3:11. Note carefully five baptisms of Scripture. First, John’s baptism. Matthew 3:11. “Unto repentance.” Cp. Acts 19:1-4. By it the people acknowledged their need of salvation because of their sins. Cp. Luke 7:29, 30. Second, Christ’s baptism of death. Luke 12:50; Matthew 20:22. The waves and billows of God’s wrath rolled over Him. Cp. Psalms 88:7, 16; 22:15; 42:7, etc. Third, Baptism with the Spirit, the portion of every believer the moment he trusts in Christ. 1 Corinthians 12:13; Ephesians 1:13; 4:30. Fourth, Baptism with water for believers only by immersion. Mark 16:15, 16; Matthew 28:19; Acts 2:41; 8:35-39; 16:30-34; 18:8; Romans 6:4; Colossians 2:12. Fifth. Baptism with fire for the Christ rejector. Matthew 3:11, 12. Cp. Revelation 20:10-15. This is future. What a fearful baptism this shall be for every unbeliever!

3. His confession. Matthew 3:13, 14.

II. The Savior’s Proclamation Matthew 3:15.

To fulfill all righteousness. He came to “magnify the law and make it honorable;” (Isaiah 42:21) and to fulfill all its holy demands. Matthew 5:17, 18. He had no need of repentance, yet submitted to this rite and thus identified Himself with the believing remnant of Israel.

III. The Heavenly Attestation Matthew 3:16, 17.

1. The opened heaven. V. 16. Note the other occasions when heaven was opened. (1) Judgment. Genesis 7:1. (2) Provision. Psalm 78:23-25. (3) Communion. Ezekiel 1:1. (4) Blessing. Malachi 3:10.

2. The descending Spirit. V. 16. Note and cp. Isaiah 11:1-3; Luke 1:35; Mark 1:11; Luke 10:21; John 6:63; Hebrews 9:14; 1 Peter 3:18.

3. The Divine testimony. V. 17. Here is a demonstration of the trinity of the Godhead; Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Though the word, “trinity” does not occur in Scripture, the truth of it is found very many times. Note the trinity in (1) Creation; Genesis 1:1, 2, 26; John 1:1, 3. (2) Manifestation; Matthew 3:16, 17. (3) Revelation, (a) God; Isaiah 46:9, 10. (b) The Son; John 14:29. (c) The Spirit; John 16:13. (4) Redemption; Hebrews 9:14. (5) In cooperation of purpose; Hebrews 9:9-15. Romans 15:16. (6) In relation between God and believer; Galatians 4:6; Ephesians 2:8, 18. (7) In cooperation in the heart of the believer; Ephesians 3:19, 17, 16.

Lesson 140: The Temptation
Luke 4:1-13
Golden Text: Hebrews 4:15

I. The Tempter. The Devil—Satan.

1. His Personality—Not an influence or principle, but a real person possessing all the qualities of personality; i.e., knowledge, feeling and will. See John 8:44, and note the personal pronouns given to him by Christ.

2. His History: (1) Created; Ezekiel 28:15. Lucifer owed his existence to God for he was a created being. (2) Position; Ezekiel 28:14. Denoting intimacy with God Himself. (3) Fall; Ezekiel 28:15-17; Isaiah 14:12-14; 1 Timothy 3:6. (4) Present sphere—heavenlies; Ephesians 6:12; Job 1:6. (5) Future doom—lake of fire; Revelation 20:10.

3. His Character: (1) Liar; John 8:44. (2) Deceiver; Revelation 12:9; 20:8, 10; 1 Timothy 2:14. (3) Murderer; John 8:44; Luke 12:4; 1 Peter 5:8. (4) Accuser; Revelation 12:10; Job 1:6-12; 2:1-6. (5) Usurper; 2 Thessalonians 2:3, 4; 2 Corinthians 4:4.

4. His Power. (1) He has great knowledge and a vast experience of 6,000 years of dealing with human nature. The wisest of natural men are no match for him. (2) Blinds; 2 Corinthians 4:4. (3) Binds; Luke 13:16. (4) Enslaves; Luke 11:20-22; 2 Timothy 2:26.

5. His Limitations—He is neither omnipotent, or all powerful; omniscient, or all knowing; omnipresent, or all present; nor immutable or unchanging. These are the attributes of Deity alone. It is good to know this.

II. The Tempted

1. The Person: The Lord Jesus Christ—the Son of God. (1) In Him was no sin; 1 John 3:5. (2) He knew no sin; 2 Corinthians 5:21. (3) He did no sin; 1 Peter 2:22. (4) He was without sin; Hebrews 4:15.

2. The Circumstances: (1) Preparation, “Filled with the Spirit. (2) Isolation—he was alone. (3) Desolation—in a wilderness. (4) Privation—fasted forty days. The three last especially suitable to the Devil. Cp. The temptation of the first man in the Garden of Eden, under the most ideal of conditions, in a garden surrounded by that which pleased the eye and satisfied every right appetite.

III. The Temptation. V. 3:12.

1. Its Purpose: (1) Reveals Satan as irremediably evil. (2) Exposes his method of attack. (3) Proves beyond any shadow of doubt the absolute sinlessness of Christ. (4) Enables the Lord Jesus to sympathize with and succour those who are tempted. Hebrews 4:15 and 2-18.

2. Its Nature. Satan’s appeal, as also in the first temptation; Genesis 8. (1) Lust of the flesh; vs. 3. 4. Cp. John 2:14-17. (2) Lust of the eyes; vs. 5-8; Genesis 3:6. (3) Pride of life; vs. 9-12; Genesis 3:6

IV. The Triumph. Vs. 3-13.

1. The Means: The word of God, “It is written.” Cp. 1 John 2:14; Ephesians 6:10-18. The seven pieces of armour the believer must put on.

2. The Result. V. 13. Cp. John 14:30. A glorious victory for “the last Adam.” What a contrast between Adam the first and Adam the last!

Lesson 141: The Calling Of The First Disciples
John 1:29-51
Golden Text: John 1:12

I. The Faithful Herald. Vs. 19-29.

1. He had a message from the Lord; v. 23. Cp. Amos 3:8; Jeremiah 20:9.

2. He preached it; Matthew 3:7-12; Acts 20:20-24; 1 Corinthians 2:1-4.

3. He exalted Christ as he presented his message; vs. 27. 29, 30. Cp. Isaiah 52:13; Psalm 34:1-3; Philippians 1:21. Here are the three essentials of true Christian service that glorifies God and brings blessing to the bearer.

II. The Saviour. Vs. 32-36.

1. Revealed; v. 29. Here is the answer to Isaac’s question asked 1900 years before “Where is the Lamb?” Cp. Genesis 22:7. 8; Exodus 12:1-13; 13:13; 1 Peter 1:18, 19.

2. Baptized; vs. 32, 33. Cp. Matthew 3:13-15.

3. Attested by the Father and the Spirit; v. 32. Cp. John 16:14; 15:26; 14:26; 1 Peter 1:11, 12.

4. Attested by John; v. 36. “As He walked.” What a perfect walk was His! Cp. 1 Peter 2:20-24. His walk reveals (1) A sinless conduct; v. 22. (2) A guileless mouth; v. 22b. (3) A surrendered will; v. 23. (4) A vicarious passion; v. 24. Cp. Philippians 2:5.

5. Inviting; v. 39. Compare “Come and rest” (Matthew 11:28); “Come and drink” (John 7:37); “Come and eat” (John 6:35); “Come and learn” (Matthew 11:29); “Come and live” (John 5:40). Note the effect of their acceptance of His invitation, “Came, saw and abode with Him.”

6. Found; v. 45. The home of the soul—Christ; Psalm 18:1, 2. Cp. Found by Him; Luke 15:5. Found in Him; Philippians 3:9. Found of Him; 2 Peter 3:14.

III. The Disciples. Vs. 37-51. The business of a disciple:

1. To look; vs. 29, 36. Cp. Isaiah 45:22; John 3:14-18. This is the first step in discipleship, for no one is a disciple until he has learned and accepted the great truth of the substitutionary sacrifice of Christ.

2. To follow; v. 37. Cp. John 10:27; 1 Peter 2:20-23; Philippians 3:12-14; Hebrews 12:1-4.

3. To hear; v. 40. Cp. John 5:24. Romans 10:17. Illust. Mary at the feet of Christ; Luke 10:39.

4. To search for others; v. 41. Cp. 2 Corinthians 5:20; Mark 16:15; Matthew 28:18-20. Andrew was a bringer. He brought to Christ (1) Peter; John 1:41. (2) A lad; John 6:8. (3) Certain Greeks; John 12:22. Are we like Andrew?

5. To enquire; v. 38. Cp. Acts 9:6; Matthew 7:7; Psalm 27:4; Ezekiel 36:37.

6. To invite; v. 46. Cp. Luke 14:23; John 4:29; Revelation 22:17.

7. 7 To live with Him; v. 39. John 14:23. (111. Luke 10:38-42); Revelation 3:20. Cp. 1 Chronicles 4:23. Two words should describe the disciple: union and communion.

Lesson 142: The First Ministry Of Christ
Luke 4:14-32
Golden Text: Luke 4:18

I. Its Circumstances. Vs. 14-20.

1. The Enduement; v. 14. Cp. V. 1, etc. Note the large place given to the Holy Spirit in the birth, life, ministry, death and resurrection of Christ. As Man He lived His life on earth under the absolute control of the Holy Spirit.

2. The Place—Nazareth; v. 16. Cp. Matthew 2:23; Luke 2:51; John 1:46. His home-town.

3. The Book; vs. 16, 17. Note: “As His custom was;” v. 16. He stood up where He was brought up. (1) The Book opened. A closed Bible means a closed heaven. (2) The Place found. See His intimacy with God’s Word. (3) The word read—God thus honored and the Bible given its full authority.

4. The People—attentive; v. 20.

II. Its Character. Vs. 18-20.

1. Its source; v. 18. The Spirit of the Lord … anointed me. Cp. Isaiah 61:1. The same Spirit Who had inspired Isaiah to write; 2 Peter 1:21; 2 Timothy 3:16.

2. Its gracious character: (1) Gospel preached to poor. Cp. 1 Corinthians 1:26-29; Mark 12:37; 2 Corinthians 8:9; Matthew 8:20. (2) Heal broken hearted. Cp. Luke 8:47, 41, 42, 56; 7:13, 14; John 11:33, 36, etc. (3) Deliverance to captives. Cp. Luke 4:33-37; Luke 8:35, 36; 13:11-17; John 8:32-34; Galatians 5:1. (4) Sight to blind; John 8:12; 9:1-7; Luke 18:35-43; 2 Corinthians 4:4, 6. (5) Liberty to bruised. Cp. Luke 5:12, 13; 10:33-36; Isaiah 53:5, 6; Hebrews 2:14, 15; Romans 8:21; Hebrews 10:19. (6) The acceptable year—The year of grace. Note: (a) The acceptable year; Luke 4:19. The Jubilee year. See Leviticus 25:8, 9. (b) The accepted sacrifice; Ephesians 5:2; Acts 2:32, 33. (c) The acceptable time; 2 Corinthians 6:2. (d) The accepted sinner; Ephesians 1:6. (e) The acceptable saint; Romans 12:1. (7) The closed book. Cp, Isaiah 61:2. The day of vengeance not yet—this will take place at close of acceptable year or this age of grace; 2 Thessalonians 1:8, 9; Revelation 6:12-17, etc. This age has been called: “The dispensation of the closed book.” Note: (a) The shut Book and the open door; v. 20. Cp. John 10:9. (b) The shut door and the opened Book. Luke 13.24-28. Cp. Revelation 20:11-15.

III. Its Result; Vs. 20-32.

1. They wondered; vs. 20-22. For Christ revealed Himself as the One of Whom Isaiah spoke. But it was only their curiosity that was aroused. Cp. Acts 14:11, 19; Matthew 21:8-10; 27:20-22.

2. They despised; vs. 22-27. Cp. Acts 13:40, 41; Romans 2:4; 1 Thessalonians 4:8.

3. They rejected; vs. 28-30. Cp. Isaiah 53:1-3. Note seven-fold rejection of Christ: (1) His own world; John 1:10. (2) Nation; John 1:11. (3) Country; Mark 6:4. (4) City; Luke 4:29. (5) Kindred; John 8:5. (6) Elders; Luke 9:22. (7) Disciple; Mark 14:71. Truly He was the “despised and rejected One.” Isaiah 53:3.

Lesson 143: The First Miracle
John 2:1-12
Golden Text: Isaiah 61:10

I. The Invited Savior. Vs. 1, 2. Have you invited Him unto your

1. Heart? Revelation 3:20; John 14:23; Ephesians 3:17. There is a throne and a cross in every heart. Either self is on the throne and Christ on the cross; or self is on the cross and Christ on the throne.

2. Home? Luke 24:28-30; 19:9. See some of the instances in which Christ entered homes and what took place as a result of His indwelling.

3. Social life? John 2:1, 2; John 12:2. When He is the honored Guest and given His rightful place of preeminence, social life will be as God intends it should.

4. Business life? Mark 2:14, 15; Matthew 6:33; 1 Samuel 2:20. Is Christ the Senior Partner in all our business enterprises? If not, we may as well file our papers for Spiritual bankruptcy.

5. School life? Proverbs 3:6; James 1:5.

II. The Disappointed Guests; v. 3. No wine. For meaning of wine see Psalm 104:15.

1. The world’s pleasures do not last. Cp. Isaiah 55:1, 2. Its pride, treasure, popularity, power and pleasure soon vanishes and leaves an aching void that nothing of earth can fill. This world’s pleasures first thrill and then chill. Cp. Solomon; Ecclesiastes 1:2; 2:11.

2. The Source of true and lasting joy was present—Christ; Matthew 18:20; Psalm 16:11. Joy is found only in God; Romans 5:11; 15:13; Philippians 3:1; 4:4.

III. The Good Advice. V. 5. Mary’s sermon. Here is a good text for Roman Catholics: “Whatsoever He sayeth unto you, do it.” What does He say about:

1. Man’s state? Mark 7:21.

2. Man’s need? John 3:3; Luke 13:3.

3. God’s love? John 3:16.

4. His substitutionary sacrifice? John 3:14; Mark 10:45; John 10:11, 17, 18.

5. The way of salvation? John 10:9; 14:6.

6. The assurance of salvation? John 5:24; 10:27-30.

7. The sinner’s doom? John 8:24; Mark 9:43-48.

IV. The Miracle. Vs. 6-9. Christ is still the great miracle worker, for He has “all power in heaven and earth.” Matthew 28:18. He turns

1. Sorrow into joy. Cp. Mark 1:40-45; Luke 8:26-29; John 16:19, 20.

2. Darkness into light. Cp. John 8:12; John 9:25; 2 Corinthians 4:3-6. Acts 26:18.

3. Death into life; Ephesians 2:1-10; John 5:24, 25; 11:25, 26.

4. Sinners into saints; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; Titus 3:3-5, etc.

V. The Result. Vs. 10:11.

1. Testimony. V. 10. The best kept to the last. How unlike the world’s pleasures which soon begin to pall! The Christian’s joy is an ever increasing one. See Proverbs 4:18; Ephesians 2:7.

2. Faith. V. 11. His glory revealed and the resultant effect: “His disciples believed on Him.”

Lesson 144: The Great Necessity
John 3:1-21
Golden Text: John 3:3

I. The Person Who Came. Vs. 1, 2.

1. His description; v. 1. “A man of the Pharisees.” (1) Religious. Cp. Romans 10:2, 3; Matthew 23:15, 3, 25, 28. (2) Moral. Cp. Matthew 5:20; Philippians 3:6. (3) Sincere. Seen in the fact that he came. Cp. Philippians 3:6; 1 Timothy 1:13.

2. His confession; v. 2. Christ as a teacher come from God.

II. His Need Declared. V. 3.

1. The Lord saw his true condition. Saw through the hollowness of his profession and self-righteousness into his heart. Jeremiah 17:9, 10; Mark 7:21; Romans 3:23. It was not a Teacher he needed, but a Savior.

2. The Lord stated his need. “Ye must be born again.” He lacked “one thing needful.” Mark 10:21.

III. His Questions; vs. 4, 9.

1. How can a man be born again? V. 4.

2. How can these things be? V. 9. God always answers man’s questions, but man cannot answer God’s.

IV. The Answer Given. V. 5:18.

1. Why must a man be born again? (1) “Flesh is flesh;” v. 6. Cp. Romans 8:4-8. No process of cultivation or evolution can change “the flesh” into “the Spirit.” (Ill. by animate and inanimate creation.) Cp. also Matthew 7:16, 18; Jeremiah 13:23. (2) Man is by nature dead in sins; Genesis 2:17; Ephesians 2:1, and therefore needs life from God; John 5:24; 1:4; 10:28; 10:10; 5:40; 1 Timothy 1:10. (3) Man is by nature a sinner, and as no sin can enter heaven, he must have a new nature fitting him for it; Psalm 51:5; Revelation 21:27; 2 Peter 1:4.

2. How can a man be born again? (1) By the word of God, “Water;” v. 5. Cp. Jeremiah 2:22; Psalm 119:9; Ephesians 5:26; John 15:3; 1 Peter 1:23; Romans 10:8, 9. This cleanses of wrong thoughts of (a) Self, (b) God, and (c) God’s way of salvation; Proverbs 14:12. (2) By the Spirit of God Who applies this word, making it “living;” Hebrews 4:12; John 7:38; 6:33; 2 Corinthians 3:6. (a) He produces conviction; John 16:8; Acts 2:17, 37. (b) Leads to Christ; John 16:14. (c) Seals; Ephesians 1:13; 2 Corinthians 1:22; Ephesians 4:30. (3) By faith in the crucified Son of God; vs. 14-18. (a) The Illustration; v. 14. Numbers 21:4-9. (aa) Sin; Numbers 21:4, 5; Romans 3:10-23. (bb) Punishment: v. 6; Romans 6:23; Ezekiel 18:4. (cc) Repentance; v. 7; Acts 17:30, 31; 20:21. (dd) Salvation revealed; v. 8. (ee) Condition; v. 8. Look. Cp. John 1:29; Isaiah 45:22. (ff) Deliverance; v. 9. John 5:24; 3:16, etc. (3) The application; v. 15. The only condition, “believe.” See also John 3:36; 5:24: 6:35, 47; 20:31. (4) The proclamation; vs. 16, 17. (5) The condemnation; vs. 18-21.

3. “When can a man be born again? The moment he believes on Christ. Ephesians 1:13; 2 Corinthians 6:2.

“Soon as my all I ventured On the atoning blood, The Holy Spirit entered And I was born of God!”

Lesson 145: The Palsied Man
Luke 5:17-26
Golden Text: Luke 5:24

I. The Teacher. V. 17.

1. The teaching; v. 17. (1) Its source—Isaiah 50:4; John 7:16, 28. (2) Its character—searching; John 15:22. Cp. Hebrews 4:12. (3) Its effect-wonder of all; Luke 4:22; Mark 1:27; etc. Joy of believers; Luke 11:39; 13:17.

2. The audience—“The mighty.” Cp. Matthew 23:3, 5, 13, 15, 27; 1 Corinthians 1:19-29.

3. The power present; v. 17. But none of the Pharisees benefited by it; Romans 1:16. All the power of God is behind the gospel, but it is only unloosed on behalf of those who believe. The gospel is sufficient for all, but efficient only for those who believe.

II. The Palsied Man. V. 18. His condition like that of all unsaved.

1. Diseased by sin. Cp. Isaiah 1:5, 6.

2. Helpless; Romans 7:14-20; 5:6; Ephesians 2:1, etc.

3. At a distance. “Afar off.” Ephesians 2:13.

III. The Faithful Friends. Vs. 18-20.

1. Their desire—based on faith in Christ’s ability; Hebrews 11:6. (1) They knew the Savior. (2) They knew the man. They knew his need, whereabouts and what he needed more than anything else. (3) They cooperated with each other in bringing him to Jesus.

2. Their obstacle—The curious multitude. Cp. Proverbs 29:25.

3. Their perseverance. “Love finds a way.” Faith turns obstacles into pedestals.

4. Their reward—Commendation of Christ; v. 20. Note. It was their faith that He saw, the faith of both the bringers and the brought. Daniel 12:3.

IV. The Pardoning Saviour. Vs. 20-25.

1. The message of forgiveness; v. 20. What a message! Cp. Acts 10:43; 13:38; 1 John 2:12; Colossians 2:13, 14; Psalms 103:3; 32:1.

2. The questioning Pharisees; vs. 21, 22. Their reasoning was right. If He was not God, then it was blasphemy to pronounce forgiveness.

3. The proof of His divine prerogative; vs. 23-25. (1) The question; v. 23. Which is easier? Forgiveness of sins was to cost Him His own life’s blood. (Leviticus 17:11). Creation is the work of His fingers. (Psalm 8:3). Redemption necessitates His stretched out arm. (Exodus 15:6). Hebrews 9:22; Mark 10:45; Hebrews 9:27; 1 John 1:7. (2) The proof of His power; v. 24. “But that ye may know.” Cp. Romans 1:4; Jude 24; Romans 16:25. (3) The effect; v. 25. (a) Sudden, “immediately.” All N. T. conversions instantaneous, (b) Complete, “took up that which had carried him.” The evident proof of the reality of conversion is that the believer controls that which previously controlled him. Romans 6:14, 22; Ephesians 1:3-14. (c) God glorifying; 1 Peter 4:11; 1 Corinthians 1:31; Psalm 50:23; 1 Corinthians 6:20; 1 Peter 4:16.

V. The Amazed Populace. V. 26.

1. Their astonishment. V. 26. What were “the strange things” they had seen?

        (1) The Lord of Glory in human form.

        (2) A helpless paralytic healed.

        (3) A sinner forgiven.

Is not this “Love so amazing, so Divine?”

Lesson 146: The Sermon On The Mount I
Matthew 5
Golden Text: Matthew 5:6

I. The Audience. Vs. 1, 2. Not the multitude but His own disciples, who had climbed.

II. The Secret of True Blessedness. Vs. 3-12. In this sermon we have an exposure of the heart of God’s Son Who fulfilled it all in His life. Matthew 11:28-30. The word “blessed” has in it the thought: “to be congratulated.”

1. The poor in spirit; v. 3. Cp. Psalm 51:17; Proverbs 16:18, 19; Isaiah 57:15; 66:2.

2. The mourner; v. 4. Isaiah 61:2, 3; 2 Corinthians 1:3, 4; 6:10; 1 Thessalonians 4:13; Revelation 21:4.

3. The meek. Meekness is strength under control; Numbers 12:3; Psalms 25:9; 149:4; Isaiah 61:1; 1 Peter 3:4.

4. The hungry; v. 6. Jeremiah 29:13; John 6:35; Psalm 27:4; Acts 16:29-34; Psalm 107:9; Proverbs 8:17.

5. The merciful v. 7. Psalm 41:1; Proverbs 11:24, 25; 19:17; 21:13; Mark 11:25, 26; Matthew 18:21-35.

6. The pure in heart; v. 8. Proverbs 30:12; Philippians 4:8; 1 Thessalonians 3:9; 5:22; 1 John 3:3; 1 Peter 1:22; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11. To see God implies communion with Him and only those whose hearts are
pure shall enjoy this fellowship. S. of S. 2:14.

7. The peacemaker; v. 9. Colossians 1:21; Romans 12:18; Isaiah 26:3; Romans 14:19; Proverbs 16:7; James 4:1-8; Ephesians 4:3.

8. The persecuted; v. 10. John 15:20; 2 Timothy 3:12; 2 Corinthians 12:10.

9. The reviled; v. 11. Matthew 27:39; 1 Corinthians 4:12. Cp. 2 Corinthians 4:17, 18.

III. The Believer Described. Vs. 13-16.

1. As Salt; v. 13. (1) Salt a preservative (Ill. Genesis 18:23-33); so are Christians. (2) Takes away tastelessness. Life tasteless apart from Christ—no hope without Him. (3) Antidote for corruption. When Christians are taken out of the world at coming; of Christ, chaos will follow. 2 Thessalonians 2:3-12, etc. (4) Article of food—Christ the believer’s nourishment. Christians the world’s; Romans 10:14, 15. (5) Has consuming power, yet silent in action; Acts 2:38-41, etc. (6) Useless if savorless —not even for fertilizer.

2. As Light; vs. 14-16. Because (1) They have received light; 2 Corinthians 4:6; John 8:12; 1:5; 1 Peter 2:9. (2) They are now to reflect light because of sin’s darkness; Philippians 2:15, 16. (a) To warn; Colossians 1:28; Ezekiel 33:1-6. (b) To guide; Acts 26:18. (3) Hindrances to shining, (a) A bushel—business. Ill. 1 Timothy 6:9, 10; 1 Timothy 4:10. (b) A bed—laziness; Ephesians 5:14; Romans 13:11, etc.

IV. Christ and the Law; vs. 17-48.

1. He came to fulfill it. He magnified and made honorable the law. Isaiah 42:21. The law is good and spiritual. See Romans 7:12, 14; 8:3.

2. Its moral claims reiterated and reinterpreted; vs. 21-42. (1) As to murder; vs. 21-26. (2) As to adultery; vs. 27-32. (3) As to swearing; vs. 33-37. (4) As to vengeance; vs. 38-42.

3. Its fulflllment—love; vs. 38-45. Cp. Romans 13:10.

Lesson 147: The Sermon On The Mount II
Matthew 6
Golden Text: Matthew 6:33

Christ’s Teaching on:

I. Giving. Vs. 1-4. Remember this was said to the disciples. Cp. Proverbs 15:8; 21:27; Ezra 4:2, 3; 3 John 7, etc.

1. Ostentation condemned; vs. 1, 2; Luke 18:10-12; 2 Corinthians 5:12.

2. Simplicity enjoined; vs. 3, 4. Cp. 2 Corinthians 8:1-7, 9, 12; 9:6-8; Romans 12:8; Luke 21:1-4.

II. Praying. Vs. 5-15.

1. Publicity to be avoided; v. 5. Luke 18:10-12.

2. Secrecy enjoined; vs. 6-8. Note in v. 6: (1) A time for prayer, “when.” Cp. Psalm 55:17. (2) A place for prayer, “closet.” Cp. Daniel 6:10. (3) Privacy in prayer, “shut door;” Genesis 32:24-2S; alone with God. (4) Exhortation in prayer, “pray unto Thy Father.” (a) How? John 16:23, 4; John 14:13, 14; 15:7; Ephesians 2:18; Hebrews 4:15, 16. (b) Why? Isaiah 40:29-31; James 5:17, 18; Ezekiel 36:37; Philippians 4:6, 7, etc. (5) Reward in prayer, “shall reward;” Ephesians 3:20, 21.

3. Vain repetition avoided; vs. 7, 8. Mere formal mumblings of set prayers, the counting of beads and the use of prayer wheels are here condemned.

4. An example given; vs. 9-15.

III. Fasting—or Self-Denial; vs. 16-18.

1. Outward show rebuked; v. 16. John 12:43.

2. Inward reality commended; v. 17, 18. Cp. 2 Timothy 2:3; Titus 2:11, 12; Mark 8:34; Hebrews 12:1-3; Matthew 17:21.

IV. Riches. Vs. 19-24.

1. Temporal riches—danger of; v. 19. (1) Pride; 1 Timothy 6:17. (2) Worldly ease; Luke 16:19. (3)Neglect of God; Proverbs 30:8. (4) Selfishness; Luke 12:17. (5) Covetousness; Luke 12:15. (6) Lying; Acts 5:3. (7) Trusting in riches; Mark 10:24. (8) Disregarding gospel; Matthew 13:22. (9) Losing it all; Matthew 6:19.

2. Eternal riches—blessings of; v. 20. (1) Security; Matthew 6:20; Mark 10:21. (2) Interest of 10,000 percent; Matthew 18:29; 2 Corinthians 3:13, 14; 4:17, 18; 9:8, 9.

3. The impossible task; v. 24. To serve God and Mammon (riches). Judas tried it and failed; Matthew 27:3-5. Ananias also; Acts 5:1-5, etc.

V. The Life of Faith. Vs. 25-34.

1. Illustrated; vs. 25-29. By (1) The birds; vs. 26, 27. Cp. Luke 12:6. 7; Philippians 4:19. (2) The flowers; vs. 28, 29. A lesson in botany.

2. Applied; vs. 25, 26, 30-34. This does not mean improvidence. God wants His people carefree, not careless. Cp. 1 Thessalonians 4:11; 2 Thessalonians 3:10; 1 Timothy 5:4, 8, etc. There is freedom from worry in Christ; Philippians 4:6, etc.

Lesson 148: The Sermon On The Mount III
Matthew 7
Golden Text: Matthew 7:13

I. Hypocritical Judgment Condemned. Vs. 1-5.

Cp. Romans 2:1-3, 17-24; Proverbs 18:13. This is a good answer to those who hide behind the old worn-out excuse, “There are too many hypocrites.” Too often the “mote” which we see in our brother’s eye is but the reflection of the “plank” that is in our own! Note: It is criticizer who is criticised here. The right to the critic’s chair must be bought by a consistent life.

II. Misapplied Truth Censored. V. 6. Do not apply truth for Christians to the unsaved. We should be “D. D’s,” i.e., “Distinguishes of things that differ.” This does not mean that we should not preach the gospel to the
unsaved. 2 Timothy 2:15; Philippians 1:9, 10 (margin). (Ill. Matthew 15:22-28.)

III. Prayer Further Encouraged. Vs. 7-12.

1. Its condition. V. 7. “Ask … seek … knock.” Cp. James 4:2; John 14:13, 14; Jeremiah 29:13.

2. Its effect. V. 8. Answered. James 5:7-18; Isaiah 65:24.

3. Illustration; vs. 9-11. The Father knows best what His children really need and will supply that need in His own good time. Philippians 4:19.

4. A great principle enunciated; v. 12. This has been called: “The golden rule.” It summarizes the whole of the law and prophets. Only as this principle is exemplified in our lives shall we live at peace with our brethren. If we expect people to be kind, courteous and forgiving to us, we must be the same to them.

IV. A Study in Contrasts. Vs. 13-29.

1. Two Gates; v. 13. Wide, Straight. Cp. John 10:9; Acts 4:12; Proverbs 1:20-31.

2. Two Ways; vs. 13, 14. Broad, narrow. Cp. John 14:6; Proverbs 14:12; Isaiah 53:6.

3. Two Classes; vs. 13, 14. Many, few. Cp. V. 22. Cp. Luke 13:23-27; 1 Peter 4:18; Philippians 2:21.

4. Two Destinations; vs. 13, 14. Life—Destruction; Revelation 21:1-6, 8; Revelation 20:15, etc.

5. Two Trees; v. 17. Corrupt—Good; Psalm 37:35; Jude 12; Psalms 1:3; 92:12, 13.

6. Two Fruits; v. 17. Evil—Good; Mark 7:21; Romans 3:12-18; Galatians 5:22, 23; Romans 6:21, 22.

7. Two Ends; v. 19. Cut down—Left; Matthew 25:41, 46, etc.

8. Two Professors; vs. 21-23. False—True. Ill. Matthew 25:1-12.

9. Two Houses; vs. 24, 26. Unsafe—Safe. Cp. Jeremiah 8:20; Ephesians 2:8.

10. Two Builders; v. 24:6. Foolish—Wise; Disobedient, Obedient; 2 Thessalonians 1:8, 9; Romans 6:17.

11. Two foundations; vs. 24, 26, Sand—Rock. Cp. Romans 10:1-3; 1 Corinthians 3:11.

12. Two Storms: vs. 25. 27. Testing—Judgment; 1 Peter 1:5-7; Isaiah 28:17. 18; Revelation 6:14-17.

13. Two Results; vs. 25, 27. Fell—Stood; Revelation 20:11-15; John 5:24; Romans 8:1; Revelation 22:1-5.

Lesson 149: The Draught Of Fishes
Luke 5:1-11
Golden Text: 1 Peter 1:7

I. The Wonderful Teacher. V. 1. “None teacheth Lord like Thee.” Psalm 25:4, 9, 12; Psalm 27:11. He will teach you

1. Your need of Him; Matthew 9:12. 13, etc.

2. His provision for you; Mark 10:45, etc.

3. The way of salvation; John 3:16; 5:24; 10:9, etc., etc.

4. The secret of true success; Matthew 11:29, 30; 6:33.

II. The Blessed Possession. V. 2, 3. He entered into Simon’s ship. It was all Simon had, and was gladly given to Christ. Have we allowed Christ to take possession of

1. Our lives? Romans 12:1-3. 1 Corinthians 6:19, 20.

2. Our business? Luke 5:27. Is He at the helm, guiding its affairs? If He’s not Lord of all then He’s not Lord at all. Cp. Romans 12:1, 2.

III. The Saviour’s Commission. V. 4. “Launch out into the deep.” Cp. Psalm 107:22-24. It is not the “shoreline” Christians, but those who launch out that “see the works of the Lord.” Let us “launch out” into

1. The deeps of His thoughts; Psalms 92:5; 139:17, 18.

2. The deeps of His wisdom; Job 11:6-8; Romans 11:33.

3. The deeps of His love; Ephesians 3:18.

4. He has plumbed the depths; Psalms 42:7; 22:1; Philippians 2:8, etc.

IV. The Disciples’ Confession. V. 5. They had toiled all night without Him and confessed their fruitlessness. Note: The indispensable things to true success.

1. Without faith there is no pleasing God; Hebrews 11:16.

2. Without love there is no profit in anything; 1 Corinthians 13:1-3.

3. Without the Word of God there is no light; Isaiah 8:20.

4. Without holiness of life no fellowship with God; Hebrews 12:14.

5. Without Christ as Lord of the life no fruitfulness; John 15:5.

V. The Launching Out of Faith. V. 5.

1. The object of faith. Himself. Cp. Hebrews 12:2. He is faith’s Author, Alpha, etc. Matthew 17:5; 3:17; Hebrews 3:1.

2. The basis of faith. “At Thy word.” Cp. Romans 10:17; John 5:24; 1 John 5:13; 2 Peter 1:16-21.

3. The trial of faith. See their circumstances. (1) In spite of previous failure. (2) In spite of the time, “day.” (3) In spite of place, “near shore.” Cp. 1 Peter 1:7; James 1:12; Job 23:10; Malachi 3:2, 3.

4. The reward of faith. V. 6. Cp. Hebrews 11:33-40; Matthew 7:7; James 5.17-19; Hebrews 11:6.

5. The partnership of faith. V. 7. Cp. 2 Corinthians 5:14; 6:1; Philippians 1:27; 2 Corinthians 1:11; Romans 16: 13; John 4:36.

VI. The Result. Vs. 8-11.

1. Unfeigned humiliation; v. 8. Cp. Isaiah 6:3-5; Job 40:4; 42:5, 6; Daniel 10:4-8.

2. Complete consecration; v. 11. “Forsook all.” Cp. Luke 14:27, 33, etc.

Lesson 150: The Woman At The Well
John 4:1-38
Golden Text: John 4:14

I. The Weary Saviour. Vs. 4-6. Cp. Hebrews 2:14, 16-18; Hebrews 4:15. His perfect humanity. Illust. Luke 8:23; Mark 11:12; John 10:22. 23, etc.

II. The Wayward Woman. V. 7. Luke 19:10; Mark 9:12, 13, etc.; Romans 3:23.

III. The Wonderful Subject—Living Water. Vs. 7-26.

1. The Opportunity; vs. 4, 7. His purpose for taking the journey: (1) The Request; v. 7. He sought to make friends by asking a favor. (2) The Response; v. 9. He disappointed prevailing prejudice—no class or caste distinctions. Here is a wonderful illustration of soul-winning.

2. The Offer; vs. 10-15. “Living Water:” (1) The gift declared; v. 10. (a) What it is—eternal life; Romans 6:23. (b) Why a gift? Because bankrupt; Luke 7:41-43. (2) The gift described, “Living Water;” vs. 13, 14, as cp. with “this water” of v. 13. Cp. John 6:35; John 7:37. (a) Its Source—The Lord Jesus; v. 14. Cp. Revelation 22:17. (b) Its Inflow—Regeneration; John 3:3, 5; John 1:12; Ephesians 1:13; John 3:16; 5:24, etc. (c) Its Upflow—Joy in Christ; v. 14. Cp. Philippians 3:8-10. (d) Its Outflow; John 7:37, 38. In testimony and service. (3) The gift desired; v. 15. Cp. Matthew 5:6; Proverbs 2:1-5, etc.

3. The difficulty; vs. 16-18. (1) The command; v. 16. (2) The reply; v. 17. (3) The revelation of her sin; v. 18. A proof of His Omniscience. Her sin must be pointed out. Her need realized before the living water can be hers. Cp. Galatians 3:22; Romans 3:23, 24; Romans 11:32.

4. The objections; vs. 19-21. (1) As to religious belief—for Samaritan religion see 2 Kings 17:24-41. (2) As to place of worship. Mount Gerizim or Jerusalem?

5. The Answer; v. 21. Note: Christ here changes: (1) The place of worship; v. 21. (2) The time of worship “now is;” v. 23. (3) The manner of worship—heart, not hand—in spirit. (4) Relationship in worship—
“Father.”

6. The Revelation; v. 26. The final stage—He reveals Himself.

IV. The Witnessing; Saint. Vs. 27-30.

1. Her Attitude—“left waterpot”—She had the well! Philippians 3:8.

2. Her Subject—“Come see a man.” Cp. Acts 8:35, etc.

3. Her success. V. 30. She bought a city to Christ.

V. The Wondering Disciples. Vs. 31-39.

1. Their query; v. 31

2. His reply; vs. 32, 34. Luke 2:49; 4:18; John 9:4; 19:4; 19:20.

3. His call to service. Vs. 35-38. (1) The white fields: (a) Ploughed; (b) Sown; (c) Ripe. (2) The work described—reap. (3) The reward. V. 36. (4) The Command—”Go ye.” Mark 16:15; Matthew 28:19.

Lesson 151: The Nobleman’s Son
John 4:43-54
Golden Text: John 5:24

I. The Sick Son. Vs. 43-47.

1. The place; v. 46. Cana the scene of His first miracle. His fame was spread abroad. Note v. 44. Cp. Matthew 13:57; Mark 6:4; Luke 4:24. The power of Christ is limited by unbelief. Note the attitude of the Galileans; they “received Him.” Cp. John 1:11, 12.

2. The patient; vs. 46, 47. (1) Sick. Cp. Isaiah 1:4-6; Matthew 9:12. Sin in Scripture likened to a malady; Psalm 103:3. (2) Nigh to death; v. 47. Ezekiel 18:4; Romans 6:23; John 3:36. (3) Son of a nobleman. Sickness, pain, sorrow and death are the portion of all, rich or poor, prince or peasant. What a contrast between the poor woman at the well and this nobleman. Yet both needed Him to meet their need. See 1 Corinthians 1:26.

II. The Father’s Request. V. 47.

1. He heard of Jesus; v. 47. Romans 10:13-17. Cp. Matthew 13:14-16.

2. He came to Him; v. 47. Cp. John 5:40; 1 Timothy 2:5; Matthew 11:28.

3. He besought Him; v. 47. Not demanded: (1) His attitude, humility. Cp. Mark 1:40; Psalm 51:16, 17; Isaiah 57:15; James 4:10. (2) His request definite: (a) To heal; v. 47. (b) To come down; v. 49. Cp. Psalms 9:12; 50:15; James 1:6; Psalm 115:18; Isaiah 55:6; John 3:33.

III. The Saviour’s Reply. V. 48. This was in the nature of a test for his faith. Are we prepared to believe God’s word, and accept it at its face value without any signs and wonders accompanying this belief? This is the day when the spectacular in religion is much sought for, and fleshly excitement is craved for. The distinction between faith and sight. Cp. Matthew 12:38-42; 16:1-4; John 2:18, 19; 6:30; 1 Corinthians 1:22. Signs are not for faith. Faith sees the invisible. Hebrews 11:1, 6, 10. 27.

IV. The Healing Word. V. 50. Behind His word was all the power of God. Cp. Psalm 107:20, 21; Romans 10:6-17. John 5:24; Isaiah 45:19; Psalm 33:9. God’s word is living and life-bestowing, and life sustaining. Hebrews 4:12; James 1:18; 1 Peter 1:23.

V. The Result. Vs. 50-54

1. The man believed; vs. 50, 53; John 3:18; Acts 13:38; 1 John 4:16; Acts 27:25; Acts 16:31. When did the father know his son was healed? When he believed. Cp. 1 John 5:9-13.

2. The son was healed; vs. 51, 52. How? By the word of the Son of God. John 5:24; Isaiah 53:6. Note the father’s query as to when he “began to amend,” and the answer “at seventh hour fever left him!” not “began to leave him.” Salvation is instantaneous. John 6:47.

3. The whole house believed; v. 53. Cp. Acts 16: 34, etc.

Lesson 152: The Impotent Man
John 5:1-16
Golden Text: Matthew 9:12

I. His State. Vs. 1-7. Truly a dark picture of every unsaved one.

1. Helpless, impotent; v. 1. Cp. Isaiah 1:4-6. Psalm 14:2; Jeremiah 17:9; Ezekiel 16:6. Man is helpless to: (1) Change himself; Job 14:4; Jeremiah 13:23. (2) Cleanse himself; Job 15:4; Jeremiah 2:22; Proverbs 20:9. (3) Save himself; Job 40:9-14; Romans 5:6.

2. Friendless; v. 7. “I have no man.” The loneliness of the sinner. There was plenty of company, but no companionship. He was alone in a crowd. Cp. Ecclesiastes 4:9, 10; Mark 1:24; Luke 7:34; Proverbs 18:24. Illust. Prodigal Son. Luke 15:14-17; Proverbs 17:17.

3. Hopeless; v. 5. Waited 38 years for “something to happen.” Are you waiting for something mysterious to happen to you, without any volition on your part? Hundreds of sinners are waiting for visions, feelings, voices, or the identical experience of some believer. Ephesians 2:11, 12; Psalm 108:12; Jeremiah 3:23.

II. His Opportunity. Vs. 6, 7.

1. The Person—Jesus. His complete knowledge of the case; v. 6. Cp. Psalm 139:1-12; Hebrews 4:12, 13; John 2:24, 25; Luke 5:22; John 1:48-50; Jeremiah 17:10.

2. The question; v. 6. (1) “Wilt”—A question of willingness. Cp. John 5:40; 7:17; Hebrews 3:7, 15; Revelation 22:17. God respects the will of man. (2) “Thou”—An individual question. Cp. Romans 10:9, 10; John 6:37; Matthew 27:22; 22:42. (3) “Be made”—Not helped or assisted. A question of the realization of his own impotence and confidence in Christ’s power. Cp. Titus 3:3-5; Ephesians 2:8, 9; Romans 5:6; John 3:3-7, etc. Salvation is wholly of grace and wholly of God. (4) “Whole”—Christ had no partial cures. Cp. Acts 4:10; Ephesians 1:13, 14; 1 Corinthians 1:30, 31; 1 John 1:7.

III. His Cure. Vs. 7-11. At the word of the Lord Jesus. Cp. Ecclesiastes 8:4; Psalm 33:9; John 5:25, 28, 29; Matthew 28:18.

1. Instantaneous; v. 9. Note how often this word “immediately” occurs in Christ’s miracles. How unlike the so-called “cures” today. Cp. Mark 1:42; 2:11, 12; 5:27-29, etc., etc.; Acts 13:38; 10:43; Romans 10:9.

2. Complete; vs. 9, 11. The proof of his cure was the fact that he now carried that which had previously carried him. The effect of regeneration is that the believer is no longer under sin’s control, but possesses a power that enables him to have dominion over it. Romans 6:13-18. Cp. Colossians 2:13; 1 Corinthians 6:11; Colossians 2:9, 10; Ephesians 1:6; 1 John 4:19, etc.

IV. The Effect. Vs. 12-16.

1. The exhortation; v. 14. Probably his physical condition had been brought about by a life of sinful indulgence. This must now give place to a right about face. Cp. Romans 6:1, 2, 9-14, 18-22.

2. The opposition; vs. 15, 16. Cp. Matthew 10:16-22, 37-39.

Lesson 153: The Woman Of The City
Luke 7:36-50
Golden Text: Titus 3:5

I. The Invitation. V. 36. The Lord Jesus no respecter of persons. He will not force His way into any heart or home like a burglar, but waits to receive an invitation. Have you invited Him? Revelation 3:20. Note the character of Simon. A Pharisee. He was self righteous, proud, self satisfied, religious, and contemptuous of all who were not in his class. Yet he needed Christ as much as this sinful woman. Luke 15:1, 2.

II. The Woman. Vs. 37, 38, 47-50.

1. Her State; v. 37. (1) “A sinner.” Define a sinner. Cp. 1 John 5:17; 3:4; James 4:17; Romans 14:23; Proverbs 24:9; Genesis 6:5; 8:21. (2) She knew her need. Do you? Romans 3:9-19; John 3:18, 36; Romans 6:23; John 8:21, 24; Matthew 12:36, 37; Hebrews 9:27; Revelation 20:15; 21:8. (3) She came to the only One Who could meet her need—Jesus. Cp. Acts 4:12; John 14:6; 10:9; Luke 15:2.

2. Her Attitude; v. 28. (1) At His feet. At once the lowest and highest place in the universe! (a) The place of humility. Cp. Luke 5:8; 1 Samuel 25:23. 24; 2 Samuel 9:6; Mark 5:22; 10:17; Philippians 2:10, 11. (b) The place of blessing. Cp. Luke 8:35; 10:39; Matthew 15:30; John 11:32; Luke 8:41; 17:16; Matthew 28:9. (2) Contrition—“wept.” Cp. Acts 17:30; Luke 13:1-5. She brought her “glory to His feet; Galatians 6:14. 1 Corinthians 11:15. (3) Worship. “Kissed feet-anointed.” To be occupied with Christ is true worship. Cp. Revelation 5:9, 10. Thus this woman refreshed Him, loved Him, and worshipped Him.

3. Her Blessing; vs. 47-50. (1) Its Source—Himself. Cp. Ephesians 1:4. “In Him.” There can be no blessing apart from Christ. She had come to Him and now, from Him, there flowed into her soul that true blessedness that only He can give to those who trust Him. (2) Its assurance—His Own word. “I say.” Cp. Matthew 24:35: 1 John 5:9-13; John 5:24; Romans 10:17, (3) Its Medium—Faith. Cp. Ephesians 2:8; John 3:16; Romans 5:1, etc. (4) Its content, (a) Forgiveness; v. 47. Cp. Luke 5:24; 1 John 2:12; Acts 13:38, etc. (b) Salvation—“saved.” V. 50. Romans 1:16; 1 Corinthians 1:18; 15:2; 2 Timothy 1:9, etc., (c) Peace; v. 50. Literally: “Go into peace.” Romans 5:1; Colossians 1:20; Philippians 4:6, 7, 9.

III. The Rebuke. Vs. 39-45.

1. Cause—self righteousness. Cp. Romans 3:22, 23; Psalm 64:6; Romans 10:3.

2. Manner—By a parable. This is the subject of a future lesson. Simon should have brought water, but God opened a fountain in the eyes of a sinner to wash His feet. Contrast these two people and put the question: “Which one represents you?”

Lesson 154: Raising Of Jairus’ Daughter
Luke 8:41, 42, 49-56
Golden Text: John 5:35

We will consider four classes of individuals described in this lesson.

I. The Father. Vs. 41, 42.

1. His position. A ruler of the synagogue. Cp. John 3:1. As such he was religious and highly esteemed in the community.

2. His condition—sorrowful; Matthew 5:4.

3. His attitude—at His feet—Humility. Cp. Matthew 18:4; Proverbs 3:24; James 4:6; Psalm 138:6; Isaiah 66:2; Luke 14:11; James 4:10, etc.

4. His petition: (a) To come to the house; v. 41. Cp. Revelation 3:20; Luke 24:29; Matthew 7:7. (b) To raise his daughter. Read Matthew 9:18.

5. His obstacle; v. 42. The throng of people composed mostly of the curious. Cp. Luke 19:3; 1 Peter 1:7.

II. The Saviour. Vs. 49, 50.

1. Sympathizing; v. 50. He was the Man of sorrows. Isaiah 53:3. Cp. Hebrews 4:15; Isaiah 42:2, 3; 50:4; 61:1, 3; 63:9.

2. Encouraging; v. 50. Fear not—only believe. Cp. Psalm 37:3-7; Isaiah 43:1; 41:13, 14; Mark 9:23; Hebrews 11:6.

3. Accepting the invitation to come to the house. V. 51. Cp. Acts 16:14-15.

III. The Girl. V. 40.

1. Loved. Cp. John 3:16; 1 John 4:10, etc.; Mark 10:21.

2. Young; vs. 54, 42; Ecclesiastes 12:1. At the threshold of life. The bright prospects, etc.

3. Beautiful. Illustration; a good moral life, etc. Illus. Mark 10:19, 20, etc.

4. But dead. Cp. Ephesians 2:1. She lacked life. Cp. 1 John 5:12; John 3:36; 10:10; 17:3; 20:31.

IV. The Mockers. Vs. 53-55.

1. The source of it—unbelief. Psalm 106:24, 25; Mark 7:21.

2. Its expression—They laughed to scorn the Lord of glory! What fearful sin was this! Psalm 1:5. They despised Him. Romans 2:4, 5; Proverbs 14:9; 9:12.

3. The effect of it. They were put out. See Matthew 25:30; 22:13; Revelation 21:8, 27; Proverbs 1:24-31.

V. The Miracle. Vs. 54-56.

1. The touch of His hand; v. 54. Cp. Luke 8:44; Mark 1:41; Hebrews 7:25.

2. The life-giving word; v. 54. “Arise.” Cp. John 5:25, 26; James 1:18; 1 Peter 1:23; 1 John 5:10-13: John 5:24.

3. The directions for her strength and growth; v. 55. “Eat.” Cp. 1 Peter 2:2; 2 Peter 3:18; 2 Thessalonians 1:3.

Lesson 155: The Touch Of Faith
Mark 5:25-34
Golden Text: Mark 5:34

I. Her Condition. Vs. 25, 26.

1. Denied; v. 25. Leviticus 15:19, 20. Cp. Psalm 14:2, 3; Ezekiel 16:5, 6; Proverbs 20:9; Job 9:30, 31; Isaiah 64:6; Jeremiah 16:18.

2. Outcast; v. 25. Cp. Leviticus 15:19, 20; Isaiah 59:2; Habakkuk 1:13; Ephesians 2:13; Amos 5:12.

3. Suffering; v. 26. Cp. Genesis 3:17; Galatians 6:7; Numbers 32:23; Romans 6:23; Ezekiel 18:4; Proverbs 5:22, etc.

4. Penniless; v. 26. Notice some others who, when they had spent all, came to their senses and to God. Ill. Luke 7:41, 42. Spiritual bankruptcy; Matthew 5:26, 27; Luke 15:14-20; Genesis 47:18; Romans 3:22, 23; Romans 5:6.

5. Hopeless; v. 26. Call attention to the “many physicians” of today such as modernism, Christian Science, Unity, Sacerdotalism, etc., etc., Each of these physicians has his own “sure cure” remedy for the disease of sin, but not one of them can heal. Cp. Ephesians 2:12; Romans 8:5-8.

II. Her Faith. Vs. 27, 28.

1. Faith’s basis; v. 27. Doubtless she had heard of the healing of the demoniac which had occurred just previously; Mark 5:15, 20. Cp. Romans 10:17; Isaiah 45:19, 22; Acts 13:38. “Be it known;” Mark 16:15, 16, etc.

2. Faith’s simplicity. She believed in His ability to save; v. 28. Cp. Hebrews 11:6; Mark 9:23; Luke 8:50.

3. Faith’s boldness. She came in spite of the crowd; v. 24. She did not allow the crowd to deter her. There is always “a crowd” to keep a seeking1 sinner from the Savior. Jeremiah 29:13; Proverbs 29:25; Ezekiel 2:6; Jeremiah 1:8.

4. Faith’s attitude. She came as she was; v. 24. Matthew 11:28; Isaiah 46:12, 13. She didn’t try any more remedies, or attempt to make herself feel better before she came. Her very need drove her to the Savior.

5. Faith’s objective. She touched Him; v. 27. Acts 5:31. “Him;” John 3:16; 1:12. She realized her only hope lay in personal contact with the Son of God.

III. Her Blessing. Vs. 29-34.

1. She was cured; v. 29. Note. (1) There is healing virtue in Christ because of (a) Who He is—the holy, sinless Son of God. (b) What He has done; Isaiah 53:5, 6; 1 Peter 2:24; 3:18; 2 Corinthians 5:20, 21. (2) This virtue is sufficient for the most desperate cases; Hebrews 7:25. (3) This virtue goes out at the touch of faith; Ephesians 2:8. (4 )This virtue is consciously given, and consciously received. “I perceive.” “She felt.” Cp. 1 John 3:14; 5:13, etc.

2. She confessed; v. 33. Based on knowledge; Romans 10:5-10; Mark 8:36; 1 John 4:16.

3. She was comforted and assured: v. 34. Cp. Luke 8:48 Cp. Romans 5:1; 4:5; Galatians 2:16.

Lesson 156: The Two Resurrections
John 5:21-29; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; Revelation 20:11-15
Golden Text: Revelation 20:15

I. The Resurrection of the Saved. 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; John 5:28, 29.

1. The persons described; 1 Thessalonians 4:14. (1) “Believers.” Cp. 1 Corinthians 15:50. (2) “Brethren.” (3) Saved ones; John 5:24; Ephesians 2:8, 9; 1 Corinthians 15:2; 1 Corinthians 1:18, etc.

2. The time of it; 1 Thessalonians 4:16; John 5:25. At the coming- of Christ. The time of this coming is unknown; Matthew 24:44. “Moment.” “Twinkling of eye.”

3. The result of it. (1) All those who have died believing in Christ shall be resurrected. 1 Thessalonians 4:16; 1 Corinthians 15:52. Their bodies shall be reunited to their spirits which are already with Christ; 2 Corinthians 5:6-8; Philippians 1:23. (2) All the living in Christ shall be changed and caught up; 1 Thessalonians 4:17, 18; 1 Corinthians 15:51-55. The great separation will take place. Cp. Matthew 24:36-42; Luke 13:24-27 .

4. The certainty of it is seen by a twofold line of proof. (1) “The word of the Lord;” 1 Thessalonians 4:15; Matthew 24:35. (2) The Resurrection of Christ Himself; 1 Corinthians 15:12-23. He is both the Pattern and the Pledge of the believer’s resurrection. The resurrection of the dead has already commenced in Christ, who is the “First fruits.”

II. The Resurrection of the Unsaved. Revelation 20:11-15.

1. The persons described. (1) “The dead;” Revelation 20:12; i.e., those who died while dead in their sins; Ephesians 2:1; Romans 6:23. (2) “Evildoers;” John 5:29; 3:18-20.

2. The time of it. 1000 years after the resurrection of the saved; Revelation 20:5, 6.

3. The result of it. (1) Judged according to works recorded in the books. Revelation 20:11-13. Cp. Matthew 12:36, 37; Romans 2:16; Jude 15. (2) The Judge is the Lord Jesus Christ Who now is the Savior. Acts 17:31; John 5:22; 2 Thessalonians 1:8. (3) The sentence; Revelation 20:14. Damnation; John 5:29.

4. The certainty of it; Luke 11:31, 32. Note the absolute certainty expressed in the words “shall rise.” No one can avoid it however ingeniously he may attempt the task. Hebrews 9:27; Acts 17:31. God’s appointment that all must keep; Romans 14:12.

III. The Intermediate State.

1. Of the saved dead. (1) Conscious existence; Luke 16:25. (2) Conscious blessing—“comforted;” Philippians 1:23—“better.” (3) Conscious companionship; Philippians 1:23. “With Christ.”

2. Of the unsaved dead. (1) Conscious existence; Luke 16:23, 24. (2) Conscious torment; Luke 16:24. (3) Conscious isolation; Luke 16:26, 28. Someone has tersely said. “Hell is the truth seen too late.”

Lesson 157: The Two Builders
Matthew 7:24-29
Golden Text: 1 Corinthians 8:11

I. The Two Hearers. V. 24. Typical of the two classes today.

1. Wise—The believing hearer. Cp. 1 Thessalonians 2:13; Proverbs 1:33; John 10:27; Romans 10:17; Galatians 3:15; John 5:24; Matthew 10:15; Proverbs 1:20-23; Matthew 13:16.

2. Foolish—The unbelieving hearer; James 1:22-24; Hebrews 4:2; Matthew 13:13-15; Acts 17:32. The hearing of the word of God brings the most solemn responsibility. Far better never to hear, than to hear and refuse to obey.

II. The Two Builders. Vs. 24-26.

1. Wise. (1) He believed in the rock. Cp. Psalms 18:2; 27:5; 1 Corinthians 3:11; Isaiah 28:16; Matthew 16:16-18; 1 Peter 2:6, 7; 2 Timothy 1:12. (2) He spared no trouble to get to it; John 3:3; Luke 13:3, 5. It meant digging deep; i.e., a deep-seated earnestness of purpose, due to the spirit’s conviction of his sin and need. Hebrews 10:39, etc.; John 16:8, 9. (3) He built when he found it; John 1:45-49; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; Acts 18:8. He rested not until he could say: “On Christ the solid Rock I stand.”

2. Foolish. (1) He disregarded the rock. Cp. 1 Peter 2:8; John 3:19; 12:48; Isaiah 53:3; Jeremiah 8:9; Hosea 4:6; Matthew 21:42; Luke 7:30. (2) He built too soon and on sand. Superficial work. (Illust. Matthew 13:20, 21). Cp. Matthew 23:25-28; 1 Corinthians 2:5; Galatians 4:20, 11. (3) He had no foundation. He was like thousands of mere empty professors today who claim to be Christians but have never come to an end of themselves and a beginning with Christ. Cp. 1 Peter 3:15; Jeremiah 8:11; Ezekiel 33:30-32; Luke 16:15; Romans 1:18; 2 Timothy 3:5; 3 John 2:4, 19; Psalm 52:7; 118:8; Proverbs 3:5, 7; Proverbs 16:25; 26:12; Jeremiah 48:7, 11.

III. The Two Results.

1. The Storm. Cp. Isaiah 28:16, 17; Luke 13:25-27; Revelation 6:15-17; 2 Thessalonians 1:7-10. Picture this dreadful storm, that has been so long delayed because of God’s mercy, as it will fall upon an unbelieving and unrepentant world.

2. The wise. Safe because on the Rock. The believer is (1) on the Rock for safety; Matthew 7:25. (2) Under the Rock for protection; Isaiah 32:2. (3) In the Rock for security; Exodus 33:32. Cp. John 5:24; 10:27-29; Romans 8:1; 1 Thessalonians 1:10.

3. The foolish. Lost because on the sand. Show some of the “sinking sands” upon which many are building their hopes of eternal bliss. (1) Morality. (2) Religion. (3) Self-righteousness. (4) Men’s opinions. (5) Good works, etc. Cp. Luke 17:28-30; 12:19, 20; Proverbs 22:3; Matthew 21:44; 16:16; John 3:36; Revelation 20:15; Proverbs 1:24-31.

Lesson 158: The Leper Healed
Luke 5:12-15; Mark 1:40-45
Golden Text: Psalm 51:2, 3

I. His Deplorable Condition. “Full of leprosy;” Luke 5:12; Mark 1:40. Leprosy a type of sin.

1. It has a small beginning. Cp. Leviticus 13:2, 24; Romans 5:12, 18, 19; Genesis 2:17; 3:7.

2. It spreads throughout the body. Cp. Leviticus 13:7, 8. Cp Genesis 6:5, 12. “Sow a thought, reap a word. Sow a word, reap an act. Sow an act, reap a character. Sow a character, reap a destiny.” Jeremiah 17:9; Isaiah 53:6; James 1:15.

3. It renders the victim unclean; Leviticus 13:45. Cp. Isaiah 64:6; Job 15:16.

4. It separates the victim from his fellow man. Leviticus 13:46. Cp. Isaiah 59:1, 2; 2 Chronicles 26:21; Leviticus 22:2-4.

5. It levels all. There is “no difference” between lepers, be they princes or paupers. Cp. 2 Kings 15:5; 5:1; 7:3, 4. Cp. Romans 3:22, 23; 9:32; Galatians 3:22.

6. It was incurable except by Divine interposition. Jeremiah 17:9 (marg.); 2 Kings 5:7; Proverbs 20:9; Job 9:30, 31; Jeremiah 2:22; 13:23; Romans 8:3; 5:8. “Thou must save and Thou alone.”

7. It results in death; James 1:15; Romans 6:23; Revelation 20:15.

II. His Confident Petition. Luke 5:12; Micah 1:40.

1. His attitude. (1) Humble. “On his face.” Cp. Job 22:29; Psalms 10:17; 138:6; 149:4; Isaiah 57:15; Matthew 18:4. (2) Beseeching. He was in earnest; Isaiah 55:6, 7; Ezekiel 33:11; Jeremiah 29:13.

2. His confidence. Not “if thou canst.” Cp. Mark 9:22. But “if thou wilt;” Psalms 9:10; 36:7; Isaiah 30:15.

III. His Marvelous Cure. Mark 1:41-45; Luke 5:13-15.

1. The Saviour’s touch. The hand that had created all things and behind which was omnipotence, reached down and touched this filthy leper! (1) Its spring, “compassion”— love. See the many times in the N. T. where Christ is said to have had compassion. “We would have looked and loathed. He looked and loved. Lamentations 3:22; Isaiah 63:9. Cp. 1 John 4:10; John 3:16; 15:13; Romans 5:8; 2 Corinthians 5:14. (2) Its object—a filthy leper. What grace! 2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 Peter 3:18; Romans 3:25; 1 John 1:7; 2 Corinthians 8:9.

2. The Saviour’s word. (1) His willingness—“I will.” Cp. Matthew 23:37; Ezekiel 33:11; 1 Timothy 2:4. (2) His power—“Be thou clean.” Cp. Luke 5:24; John 5:24; Romans 1:4; Acts 4:12; Romans 1:16.

3. The wondrous change—“Clean.” Cp. 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; Acts 13:38; Ephesians 2:1-9. It was a complete cleansing that left him “clean every whit.” The believer is justified through faith and viewed by God as though he had never sinned.

4. The God-honoring result; Luke 5:15; Romans 10:9, 10; Luke 8:39; Acts 1:8; Mark 8:38.

Lesson 159: The Two Debtors
Luke 7:29-43
Golden Text: Luke 7:47

I. The Circumstances. Vs. 29-39.

1. The attitude of the self-righteous; vs. 29, 30. Rejection—note the marginal reading. Cp. Psalm 78:32; Isaiah 53:1; Matthew 21:32; Mark 6:6; John 6:6; 3:18-21; Acts 13:41.

2. Their inconsistency; vs. 31-34. Christ’s preaching failed to give them joy and the Baptist’s preaching had failed to bring sorrow, for they believed neither. Unbelief always finds an excuse. Jeremiah 8:9; Luke 22:67; John 3:12; 5:44-47; 1 Corinthians 1:19-28.

3. Their accusation; v. 34. “A friend of publicans.” Cp. Luke 15:2; Mark 15:31. See the marks of a true friend. Job 6:14; Proverbs 17:17; 18:24; 27:6, 9; 18:24; John 15:13; 13:1. Happy is that one who has Christ as his best Friend!

4. The invitation and the incident; vs. 36-40. See the lesson on this, number 153.

II. The Illustration. Vs. 40, 41.

1. The Creditor—God. (1) Holy. Exodus 15:11; 1 Samuel 6:20; Job 15:15; Psalms 22:3; 111:9; Isaiah 6:3. (2) Just. 2 Chronicles 19:7; Nehemiah 9:33; Job 37:23; Psalms 62:12; 89:14; Ecclesiastes 12:14; Zephaniah 3:5. (3) Sin hating. Habakkuk 1:13; Exodus 34:7; Psalms 7:9-11; 11:4, 5; 90:8, 11; Ecclesiastes 3:15.

2. The debtors—Man as a sinner. (1) What man owes to God; Luke 10:27, 28. (a) A perfect life, (b) Perfect obedience, (c) Perfect love. (2) None has ever given it. Therefore, all are spiritual bankrupts. Cp. Mark 5:26, 27; Luke 15:14, 20; Genesis 47:18; Romans 3:10-19. (3) All alike are debtors, but all are not debtors alike, (a) 50 pence represents the moral living, respectable, good citizen, religiously inclined and brought up, yet still an unsaved sinner. Cp. Mark 10:17-20; James 1:10; Isaiah 53:6. “Own way;” Romans 3:9, 10; 8:5-8. (b) 500 pence is the gross outward sinner like the woman; Luke 7:37; 18:13, etc. Yet there is “no difference” in fact of sin. The difference lies only in the degree of it; Romans 3:23. (c) Illustrate this still further and show that there is “no difference.” (aa) In a prison, for all have been found guilty, (bb) In a hospital, for all are sick and need a doctor, (cc) In a cemetery, for all are equally dead, (dd) In a sinking ship, for all are equally in danger.

3. The Deliverance; v. 42. (1) The fact of it. “He forgave.” Cp. Micah 7:18, 19; Isaiah 44:22; Hosea 11:9. (2) The reason for it. “Nothing to pay.” Both were bankrupts. (3) The character of it. (a) Freely. Cp. Revelation 21:17; Isaiah 55:1-3, etc. (b) Frankly. Cp. Luke 7:47; Isaiah 45:19, 22, etc. (c) Fully. Cp. Acts 13:38; 1 John 1:7, etc.

4. Result of it—“Love.” Cp. 2 Corinthians 5:14-20; John 4:19, etc.

Lesson 160: The Deaf And Dumb Man Healed
Mark 7:31-37
Golden Text: Mark 7:37

I. His Condition. Vs. 31, 32. Typical of unsaved.

1. Deaf. Picture a person in this condition living in a world of absolute silence, deaf to the voice of nature as expressed by the singing of birds and the speech and songs of fellow men. Now compare the sinner deaf to God’s voice through His word and the sweet chimes of the gospel bells. Cp. Matthew 13:15; Psalm 58:4; Proverbs 28:9; Jeremiah 7:23, 24; Zechariah 7:11; Jeremiah 5:21; Matthew 11:15.

2. Dumb. Sin has put a padlock upon the lips of all humanity, so that “every mouth is stopped.” (Romans 3:19.) Until God unlocks the lips, He can receive no praise from man. (Psalm 51:15.) Man pities the “dumb animals,” little realizing that they can teach him much. (Isaiah 1:3.) Far better to be a dumb animal than to die a dumb sinner. Cp. Job 40:3-5; 42:5, 6; Matthew 15:11; 22:12.

II. The Prayer. Vs. 32. The power of prayer. They did the best thing they could. They brought him, just as he was, to the only One Who could meet his deep need. Let us bring needy sinners, in the arms of prayer, to the feet of the Savior. 1 Timothy 2:1-4. Cp. Psalms 9:12; 34:17; Jeremiah 33:3; Ezekiel 33:37; Matthew 6:6; 7:7, 8; Philippians 4:6; James 5:17, 18.

III. His Cure. Vs. 33-35.

1. Brought to Jesus; v. 32. Cp. Acts 4:12; John 14:6.

2. Taken aside; v. 33. Alone with Him. Salvation is personal. John 1:12; Revelation 3:20; Romans 10:9; John 10:9, etc. (Ill. Saul, Acts 9:9-11).

3. The heavenward look; v. 34. Cp. Mark 6:41; John 11:41; 17:1; Matthew 11:25.

4. The sigh of Compassion; v. 34. John 11:33; Matthew 15:32; Mark 5:19; Lamentations 3:22.

5. The touch of pity; v. 33. Cp. Hebrews 2:14-17; Isaiah 63:9.

6. The word of power; v. 34. Cp. Luke 5:24; John 5:24; Matthew 28:18.

7. The complete cure; v. 35. (1) Ears opened. Isaiah 55:3; 32:3, 4; John 5:24, 25; Matthew 11:15; John 10 27. (2) Tongue loosed. Cp. Romans 10:8-11; Psalm 51:15; Romans 10:17; Psalm 40:3. The opened ears must precede the opened mouth. The opened ears, the result of conviction and conversion, is evidenced by the opened mouth in glad confession of the Lordship of Christ.

IV. The Result. Vs. 36. 37.

1. Testimony; v. 36. Mark 8:38; Psalms 66:18, 17; 145:7; Mark 16:15.

2. Praise. “He hath done all things well.” (1) The work of substitution; John 19:30. (2) The work of salvation; Hebrews 7:25. (3) The work of security; John 10:27-30. V. 37. Psalms 103:1-4; 91:1, 2; 102:18-20; Hebrews 13:15; Colossians 1:12-14.

Lesson 161: The Rich Young Man
Mark 10:17-31
Golden Text: Mark 10:24

I. What he was. Vs. 17-20.

1. Young; Matthew 19:20. At the threshold of life with all its boundless possibilities before him. Ecclesiastes 11:9; Proverbs 8:17; Ecclesiastes 12:1.

2. Rich; v. 22. This is, to some, the most desirable thing in life. “Unfortunately, these riches possessed him. 1 Timothy 6:17; Ecclesiastes 7:11; 1 Timothy 6:9-11.

3. Moral; vs. 19-29. Christ did not deny the truth of these statements. He was truly a model young man. Deuteronomy 4:8; Psalm 78:5, 7.

4. Religious; v. 17. He desired eternal life; Romans 10:2, 3.

5. Sincere—“running,” “kneeled.” He had splendid moral and religious qualities as well as natural advantages.

6. Loved by Christ; v. 21. John 3:16, etc.

II. What he wanted. Vs. 17-20.

1. His question; v. 17: “What shall I do to inherit eternal life?” He desired to obtain eternal life on the basis of his own efforts; but Scripture clearly indicates it is a gift and therefore is entirely apart from human merit. See John 4:10; Romans 6:23; John 3:16; Ephesians 2:8, 9; John 5:24; Revelation 22:17; Titus 3:3-6.

2. The answer; v. 18. (1) Note the indirect claim of Christ’s Deity; v. 18. He is the only One with the right to the title of good for He is God. If He only is good, then no one else is good. See Romans 3:12. (2) The Law’s demands; v. 19. Note—Only the last six commandments are mentioned. Cp. Romans 7:12-14; Galatians 3:19-25.

III. What he lacked. V. 21.

1. “One thing”—faith in the Son of God. He thought more of his treasures than he did of Christ. It is possible to be young, rich, moral, religious and sincere and loved, and yet be lost. (Ill. Nicodemus lacked the new birth; John 3:3). What lackest thou?

2. Christ’s three looks. (1) Love; v. 21. John 3:16, 17; Galatians 2:20; Romans 5:8. (2) Sorrow; v. 23. Matthew 23:37; Isaiah 53:3. (3) Hope; v. 27. Mark 9:23.

3. What keeps you from Christ is the value you are placing on your soul; Mark 8:36. Is it worth it?

IV. What he did. Vs. 22-27.

1. He heard Christ; v. 21. Think of the privilege! John 5:24.

2. He was sad; v. 22. Psalm 16:11; John 15:11; 17:23.

3. He went away; v. 23. Turned his back on the Savior. Cp. Proverbs 1:24-33. The Great Refusal. He became a pilgrim to oblivion! He is the man without a name, for he was the man who refused the Savior.

4. The incredulous question; v. 26. “Who, then, can be saved?”

5. The satisfying answer; v. 27.

Lesson 162: The Widow’s Son
Luke 7:11-17
Golden Text: John 3:16

I. The Sorrowful Woman. V. 12. A true picture of the sinner. She had:

1. A sad past—“Widow.” Death, “the king of terrors,” the sad consequence of sin, had already visited her home. Cp. The sinner’s black past due to his own sins. Isaiah 59:1, 2; Jeremiah 5:25.

2. A bitter present—“Son dead.” Cp. The sinner’s fearful present; Ephesians 2:1, 2; 4:18; Isaiah 48:22.

3. A hopeless future—“Only son.” What a commentary this is of all the world can give: a black past of sin; a bitter present—effect of sin; a fearful future—result of sin; Revelation 20:10-15.

II. The Sympathizing Savior. Vs. 13, 14.

1. His compassion; v. 13. He knew all about her sorrows, sins and need, for omniscience can penetrate the secrets of every heart and life. How good to know that He not only knows, but loves and cares. Cp. Isaiah 40:11; 42:3; 63:9; Matthew 9:36; John 11:5, 33-36.

2. His comfort; v. 13—“Weep not.” Isaiah 51:12; 66:13; John 14:18; Matthew 5:4; 2 Corinthians 1:4. See the comfort of His (1) Cleansing; Matthew 9:22. (2) Spirit; Acts 9:31; (3) Care; Psalm 23:4. (4) Scriptures; Romans 15:4. (5) Promise; 1 Thessalonians 4:18.

3. His command; v. 14. (1) The touch. Here is the “Prince of life” (Acts 3:15) and the One “in Whom is life” (John 1:4), coming in contact with death. Before eternal life could be our portion He “through death destroyed him that had the power of death” (Hebrews 2:14). He entered Death’s dread domain and
emerged victorious with the keys upon His girdle. (Revelation 1:18). Cp. Mark 5:28-30. (2) The word of power—“Arise!” Cp. John 5:21-29; Matthew 28:18; Romans 1:4, 16; 1 Peter 1:23. The voice of the Creator Who, in the beginning, said, “Let there be light,” now said. “Let there be life.” Christ is both the Light and the Life. John 1:4.

III. The Raised Son. V. 15. Here is a picture of a soul’s regeneration.

1. Dead to Christ; v. 12. Cp. Ephesians 2:1, 2; Colossians 2:13; Ephesians 4:18.

2. Met by Christ; v. 14. Cp. John 17:3; 20:31; 1:4; 10:10.

3. Word from Christ; v. 14. Cp. John 5:24; Hebrews 4:12; 1 Peter 1:23.

4. Life from Christ. Cp. John 10:28; Colossians 3:3, 4; Philippians 1:21.

5. Speech for Christ; v. 15. Cp. Romans 10:9, 10; Luke 8:39; Mark 8:38.

6. Restoration in Christ; v. 15. United to loved ones. Cp. Luke 15:24, 32. What joy it brings to saved relations and friends when unsaved ones are brought into the circle of life.

7. Glory to Christ; v. 16. This is the purpose of every act of regeneration: that the born again one should live to the glory of Christ. 2Thessalonians 1:12; 2 Corinthians 5:15.

IV. The Amazed Populace. Vs. 16, 17.

1. They feared. Cp. Psalm 25:12; Proverbs 19:23; Psalm 147:11; Matthew 4:2.

2. They glorified God. Psalm 40:1-3.

Lesson 163: The Disciple’s Prayer
Matthew 6:9-13; Luke 11:1-13
Golden Text: Luke 11:9

I. The Circumstance; Luke 11:1.

1. The Example—As “He was praying;” Luke 11:1. Study the prayer life of Christ. Luke 3:21; 6:12, 13; Mark 1:35; Matthew 14:23; Luke 9: 29; John 11:41, 42; Luke 9:29; Matthew 19:13; Luke 22:32; John 17:20; Luke 22:44; Matthew 26:36; Luke 24:50; Hebrews 7:25.

2. The Request—“Lord, teach us.” (1) The Teacher—“Lord.” Romans 10:9, 10; 1 Corinthians 12:13. (2) The learner—“A disciple” or follower of the Lord Jesus. Proverbs 15:8; John 9:31.

II. The Prayer. Matthew 6:9-13. This prayer is not intended to be used as a “vain repetition,” though it may well be repeated by every child of God; but it is a pattern prayer, for it contains all those elements necessary to the prayer life of the believer. Needless to say, it is only for Christiana, for God is only the Father of such.

1. Revelation in prayer. “Lord, teach us.” The mouth, by nature, is closed to God. Romans 3:14, 19; Psalms 5:9; 51:15; 40:1-3. Oftimes the believer knows not what he should pray for as he ought; Romans 8:26. Therefore the need to be taught.

2. Relationship in prayer. “Our Father.” Cp. John 8:44; 1:12; 1 John 3:1, 2; Romans 8:14-17; Galatians 4:5-7.

3. Reverence in prayer. “Hallowed.” John 4: 23, 24; Ecclesiastes 5:1, 2; Isaiah 6:3, 4.

4. Rule in prayer. “Kingdom come.” The kingdom can only come when the King comes and He cannot come as King until He has removed His church. Therefore the prayer of each believer should be, “Even so, come Lord Jesus;” Revelation 22:20. Luke 1:31-33; Matthew 19:28; Revelation 20:4; Isaiah 11:6-9.

5. Resignation in prayer. “Thy will be done.” Prayer does not demand from God but seeks to be in His will. James 4:13-15; Romans 12:1, 2; Luke 22:42; Hebrews 10:7.

6. Request in prayer. “Give us.” Philippians 4:19; Matthew 6:6; Luke 11:9; John 16:24; Isaiah 65:24; Jeremiah 33:3; Philippians 4:6. 7.

7. Repentance in prayer. “Forgive.” 1 John 1:8, 9; Psalms 51:3, 12, 13; 32:3-5. Note also that the believer is not only viewed as being: forgiven, but as being forgiving. The believer proves he has been forgiven by being forgiving. See Ephesians 4:32.

8. Resolution in prayer. “Lead not, but deliver.” 1 Thessalonians 4:3; 5:22; Acts 24:16; 2 Timothy 2:22. We need to be delivered from evil (1) Consciences; Hebrews 10:22. (2) Heart of unbelief; Hebrews 3:12. (3) World; Galatians 1:4. (4) Speaking; Ephesians 4:31. (5) Work; 2 Timothy 4:18. (6) Company; 1 Corinthians 15:33. (7) Appearances; 1 Thessalonians 5:22.

9. Rejoicing in prayer. “Thine kingdom,” etc. Cp. Revelation 5:9-13; Jude 24:25.

10. Response in prayer. “Amen.” “So be it.” Revelation 22:20, 21.

III. The Illustrations. Luke 11:5-13.

1. The importunate friend. V. 5:10. (1) The need. V. 6. (2) The reply. V. 7. (3) The importunity. V. 8. (4) The response. V. 8. (5) The application. 9, 10.

2. The son’s request. Vs. 11-13. And its application.

Lesson 164: The Centurian’s Servant
Matthew 8:5-13
Golden Text: Hebrews 11:6

I. The Centurion’s Petition. Vs. 5, 6.

1. How presented. (1) Individually. Luther once said that the Gospel was a Gospel of personal pronouns. Salvation is the result of a personal sinner coming into contact with a personal Savior. People are not saved by proxy. Isaiah 55:6; Jeremiah 29:12, 13. (2) Beseechingly—not demanding it as his “right.” The sinner has no “right.” If he had his just deserts he would be in hell. God does not save the sinner because it is the sinner’s right, but “according to His mercy.” Titus 3:5. Psalms 10:17; 102:17; 145:18.

2. Why presented—Unselfishly—for another. Romans 10:1; Jeremiah 45:5.

II. The Servant’s Condition. V. 6. Typical of the sinner, for sickness is often used in the Bible as a picture of sin.

1. Sick. Cp. Isaiah 1:5, 6; Genesis 6:5, 12; 8:21; Psalm 14:2. 3; Ecclesiastes 9:3; Jeremiah 17:9.

2. Helpless. Cp. Romans 8:5-8; 3:9, 19; 5:6; Job 9:30, 31; Jeremiah 13:23.

3. Tormented. Cp. Isaiah 57:20, 21; Psalm 32:3, 4.

III. The Saviour’s Promise. V. 7.

1. Its promptness. God is far more willing to bless than we are to be blessed. Cp. Isaiah 65:24; Jeremiah 33:3.

2. Its certainty—“I will.” Philippians 4:6, 7; Ephesians 3:20; Romans 10:12.

IV. The Centurion’s Faith. Vs. 8, 9.

1. Its Humility; v. 8. “Not worthy.” He took the right place in the presence of the Son of God. Cp. Genesis 32:10. This has been the confession of all who have realized their true condition. Psalms 138:6; 149:4; Isaiah 66:2; Luke 18:14.

2. Its Assurance; v. 8. Cp. Mark 11:24; Matthew 21:22; James 1:6.

3. Its Authority; v. 9. “Speak the word only.” Here is the secret of the believer’s assurance, the spoken and written word of God. Not our feelings or some vision or some mysterious voice but the bare word of the Son of God. This is God-honoring faith. Cp. 1 John 5:9-13; Romans 10:6-10; 1 Peter 1:23; 2 Peter 1:4; John 5:24, etc.

V. The Result of Faith. Vs. 10-13.

1. Wonder; v. 10. Cp. Mark 6:6. Christ marvelled at both faith and unbelief. One the marvel of joy, the other of sorrow. Here He marvels at his faith. Faith honors and delights God. Hebrews 11:6.

2. Rebuke; vs. 11. 12. His own people had rejected Him. Here was a Gentile, the forerunner of millions, who accepted Him to be what He was. See Revelation 5:9; Luke 13:24-30.

3. Response; v. 13. “As thou hast believed.” Cp. 2 Chronicles 16:9; 20:20; Psalms 31:19; 34:8; Habakkuk 2:3, 4; Luke 1:45; 1 Peter 1:5; Romans 4:5; Acts 13:38, etc., etc.

Lesson 165: John The Baptist’s Question
Luke 7:17-35
Golden Text: Luke 7:22

I. The Reason for the Question. Vs. 17-19. Cp. Mark 6:17-20; Matthew 14:2. John had doubtless been in prison some time and by now was discouraged. Perhaps he was expecting a Divine deliverance from his prison, little realizing that he was to be a martyr for God.

II. The Question Analyzed. V. 20.

1. A question of doubt—“Art thou He?” Psalm 42:5; Isaiah 40:27, 28; 49:14, 15.

2. A question of discouragement—“Or look we for another?” 1 Peter 1:6, 7. They brought their doubts to Jesus.

III. The Question Answered. Vs. 21-23.

1. By the works of Deity; vs. 21, 22. (1) Blind see. Cp. John 8:12; 2 Corinthians 4:6. (2) Lame walk. Ephesians 2:2; 4:1; 2:10; 4:17; 5:2; 5:8; 5:15. (3) Lepers cleansed. 1 John 1:7; Isaiah 1:18; 1 John 4:17; Ephesians 1:6. (4) Deaf hear. Romans 10:17; John 5:24; Isaiah 55:3. (5) Dead raised. John 11:25; 5:25; 5:24; Ephesians 2:1; Colossians 2:13.

2. By the words of Deity; vs. 22, 23. (1) The Gospel preached—Himself the theme; v. 22. John 14:6; 10:9, etc., etc. (2) The blessing on the believer in Him; v. 23. Cp. John 20:29; Matthew 5:1-11. Here was a full answer to John the Baptist’s doubts and his question, “Art Thou He?” Only the Son of God could do and say these things.

IV. The Questioner Described. Vs. 24-30.

1. A prophet; vs. 24-26. God’s voice to the people. The last of a long and illustrious line of Old Testament prophets.

2. A messenger; v. 27. Cp. Isaiah 40:3-8. His message; Matthew 3:1-13.

3. The greatest prophet; vs. 28-30.

V. The Denunciation. Vs. 29-35.

1. The publican’s attitude; v. 29. What it meant to be baptized: (1) They owned their need; Matthew 3:10. (2) They confessed themselves worthy of death. Matthew 3:11; Romans 6:23, etc. (3) They repented. Matthew 3:2; Luke 13:2; Acts 17:30.

2. The Pharisees’ rejection; v. 30. What awful words! (1) Their character—self-righteous. Luke 18:11, 12; Romans 10:1-3. (2) Their conduct—“rejected.” Note where (margin). “Within themselves, i.e., their hearts which seethed with rebellion against Christ. Proverbs 1:24-33.

3. The Lord’s illustration; vs. 31-35. John the Baptist’s preaching had failed to produce sorrow for their sins. Christ’s preaching had failed to give them joy, for they believed neither! Note their testimony—“A friend of publicans and sinners.” How blessedly true! He is: (1) The sinner’s Friend; Matthew 11:19. (2) The faithful Friend; Proverbs 18:24. (3) The substitutionary Friend; Proverbs 6:1. (4) The saving Friend; John 15:13. (5) The satisfying Friend; S. of S. 2:3, 4. (6) The reproving Friend; Proverbs 27:6. (7) The unchanging Friend; Proverbs 17:17.

Lesson 166: John The Baptist’s Death
Mark 6:14-31
Golden Text: Matthew 5:10

I. The Faithful Herald. V. 18.

1. Fearless—He was afraid of none. During his short life of public ministry he had stood before all kinds of people and fearlessly witnessed for God. He had faced the (1) Multitude; Luke 3:7. (2) Publicans; Luke 3:12. (3) Soldiers; Luke 3:14. (4) Pharisees; Matthew 3:7. (5) Saducees; Matthew 3:7. (6) The King; Matthew 14:4; Mark 6:18, 19. Cp. Proverbs 29:25; Jeremiah 1:8; Psalm 27:1; Ezekiel 2:1-6.

2. Faithful to the word of God—“not lawful.” Cp. Acts 20:20-27; 2 Timothy 4:1-4. The world’s attitude toward Christ and His disciples has not changed with the centuries. The believer is not guaranteed immunity from persecution, imprisonment and death. John 15:20-27: 2 Timothy 3:12.

3. Feared; Mark 6:20. Cp. Isaiah 33:13, 14. We little know the effect of a faithful testimony upon the worldling who often hides his real feelings behind a veneer of indifference.

II. The Wicked King.

1. Sinful—Like all the Herods, he was a wicked man. Cp. Isaiah 1:4-6, etc.

2. Privileged; Mark 6:20. (1) He knew John was a just and holy man; v. 20. (2) He heard him preach and teach. Cp. John 3:32-36; Romans 10:13-15; Ezekiel 33:3-6; John 5:40; Acts 7:32-34; John 12:47, 48. (3) He did “many things,” but not the one essential thing—repentance to God. Mark 6:20. Partial obedience—“almost persuaded” as another King. Acts 26:28; Hebrews 2:3, etc.

III. The Foolish Vow. Vs. 21-28.

1. The Circumstances; vs. 21, 22. (1) The voluptuous feast; v. 21. What a different feast to Luke 14:21-23! Here the guests gave rein to all the lusts of their wicked hearts. (2) The dance of Herodias’ daughter; v. 22; 1 John 2:16, 17; Ecclesiastes 11:9. (3) The Vow; v. 23. Matthew 12:36. 37. (4) The Request; vs. 24-26. Herod feared more the ridicule of the worldlings that surrounded him than he did the wrath of a holy God. No wonder “the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.” Had he feared God he never would have done this thing.

2. The Crime; vs. 27, 28. Murder. Genesis 9:5; Psalm 5:6; Ezekiel 35:6; Revelation 22:15.

3. The Consequence—The great tribunal. Hebrews 9:27; Revelation 20:12; Romans 14:12; Revelation 22:15; 21:8.

IV. The Disciple’s Care. Matthew 14:12.

1. The Burial; Matthew 14:12.

2. The Interview; Matthew 14:12. “Told Jesus.” Cp. Hebrews 4:15. 16; Philippians 4:6. “What a Friend we have in Jesus!”

3. The Result; Mark 6:31. “With Himself.” Their greatest need at this time was to be alone with Him. It is possible to be too busy for Him. Every believer should take “time out” for secret prayer and communion with Him.

Lesson 167: The Stilling Of The Storm
Matthew 8:23-27; Luke 8:22-25
Golden Text: Isaiah 26:3

I. The Stormy Sea. Matthew 8:23, 24. Typical of the sea of life. The storms of adversity, trial, temptation and difficulty, etc. Note they followed Christ into the ship; v. 23. The presence of Christ with them did not give them immunity from the storm. They learned, in the storm, things they could never have learned otherwise. Christ did not speak of going to the bottom, but to “the other side;” Luke 8:22. The end of the journey was foreseen and their safe arrival guaranteed by His word.

II. The Sleeping Master. V. 24.

1. His perfect humanity. He was perfect Man as well as very God. Both found perfect expression in Him. Cp. John 4:6; Mark 11:12; John 10:22; 19:28; Hebrews 2:17, etc.

2. His absolute trust. He knew the end from the beginning, so there was no need to worry or be fearful. John 14:27; Psalm 16:5-8; Isaiah 26:3, 4.

3. His apparent neglect for their safety. His purpose, as is the purpose of all trial, was to test the reality of their faith, love and obedience. Isaiah 50:10; Matthew 6:25, 26; 1 Peter 1:7; Isaiah 49:15.

III. The Servant’s Distress. V. 25.

1. Their reproach; Mark 4:38. Cp. 1 Peter 5:7; John 10:27-29; Isaiah 43:1; 42:6; Deuteronomy 33:3; Matthew 6:26, etc.; Jude 24.

2. Their cry. Their prayer was very brief and very much to the point. Matthew 8:25. Cp. Psalms 107:21-30; 32:6; 91:15; Joel 2:32.

IV. The Savior’s Rebuke. V. 26.

1. The cause—“Little faith”—Unbelief. Isaiah 7:9; John 20:27; Hebrews 3:12; James 1:6. How could the ship sink with the Creator aboard? Illust. The safety of Noah in the ark was guaranteed by the presence of God within It. Genesis 7:1; 8:16.

2. The result—“Fearful.” When faith falls courage soon follows, and fear fills the soul. Isaiah 48:18; Judges 3:7; 1 Samuel 12:9; Psalm 106:21, 24, 25, etc.

V. The Stilled Storm. V. 26. Cp. Mark 4:39.

1. The Rebuker. The Son of God; Matthew 4:39. His mighty power revealed. John 5:36; 10:38.

2. The result—“A great calm.” (1) The storm of God’s wrath against sin exhausted upon the Divine Substitute at Calvary, Who purchased our peace by His precious blood. Psalms 69:1, 2; 22:1; 47:2; 88:7; 1 Peter 3:18; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Colossians 1:21; Romans 5:1. (2) The storms of the Christian life stilled through trust. Philippians 4:6, 7; Isaiah 26:3; 1 Peter 5:7, etc. “Peace, perfect peace, the future all unknown; Jesus we know, and He is on the throne.

VI. The Startled Disciples. V. 27. “What manner of Man?” He was both God and Man. 1 Timothy 3:16; 2 Corinthians 5:19, etc.

Lesson 168: The Sower And The Seed
Matthew 13:1-23
Golden Text: 1 Peter 1:23

I. The Sower—The Lord Jesus—The best Sower in the world. Luke 19:10; John 4:34; 6:38; Mark 10:45; John 6:62.

1. The eager multitude; Matthew 13:2. It was during the days of His popularity, when vast audiences followed Him everywhere He went. The time was coming when they should all forsake Him. His audience composed of all classes, Pharisees, Publicans, sick, halt, lame, blind. All the various kinds of “grounds” were represented in His audience.

2. The improvised pulpit, “a boat.”

3. The matchless Teacher; John 7:46. He taught in many ways (1) By parables; (2) Miracles; (3) Example; (4) Illustration; (5) Plain statement, etc.

II. The Seed—The word of God—God’s word is the best seed in the world.

1. Living. Cp. Hebrews 4:12; 1 Peter 1:23; Isaiah 55:10, 11; Jeremiah 22:29; Isaiah 40:8.

2. Regenerating. 1 Peter 1:23; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; Hebrews 4:2; John 5:39; 20:31; Romans 10:17; James 1:21.

3. Assuring; 1 John 5:13; 1:4; 2 Peter 1:19; Acts 17:11.

4. Sustaining. 1 Peter 2:2, 3; Colossians 3:16; John 17:17; Psalms 119:9, 11, 104; 17:4; John 15:3; Acts 20:32; 2 Timothy 3:16. 17; 1 John 2:14.

III. The Soil—The hearer of the word. The effect of the seed was determined by the nature of the soil into which it fell and the soil is the heart. There were four classes of hearers:

1. Wayside. The careless hearer; vs. 4, 19. (1) Cause—Satan. 2 Corinthians 4:2; 1 Corinthians 1:18; John 8:39-45. (2) Result—indifference. (3) Illustration—Judas. Cp. Acts 17:32; Hebrews 4:2, etc. Notice particularly that the seed that did not come to fruition fell upon soil that had not been plowed up. The plow speak of conviction of sin, produced by the Spirit of God as He cuts the heart, reveals the hidden sins and prepares it for the reception of God’s word. John 16:8-11; Acts 2:37; 7:54.

2. Stony. The impressible hearer; vs. 20, 21. (1) Cause—Feelings aroused, sentiment stirred. (2) Result, good resolutions, intentions, reformation made, but not regenerated. (3) Illustration—Felix; Acts 24:25. Agrippa; Acts 20-28.

3. Thorny—The cumbered hearer; vs. 7. 22. (1) Cause—secret cherished sin, riches, pleasures, pet sins, business. The conscience not reached. (2) The result—Choked; no fruit. (3) Illustration—Rich young man; Mark 10.

4. Good—The regenerated hearer. (1) Cause—The ground ploughed; conviction of the Spirit of God. John 16:8, 9; Acts 2:37. Honest heart, heard, kept. (2) Result—Fruit in varying degrees. John 15:16; Romans 1:13; 6:22; Hebrews 13:15; Philippians 4:17. (3) Illustration; 1 Thessalonians 1:3-10; 2:13. The proof of reality is fruit.

Lesson 169: The Tares And The Wheat
Matthew 13:24-30, 36-43
Golden Text: Matthew 13:30

I. The Two Sowers.

1. The Son of Man; vs. 24, 37. (1) He came to sow the word. John 1:17, 18; 3:16; 4:34; 5:24; 6:37-40; 10:10; Mark 10:45, etc., etc. (2) He died to make salvation possible. John 12:24; 3:14; 2 Corinthians 5:21, etc. (3) He lives to make effectual the salvation He provided. Hebrews 7:25; Romans 4:24, 25; 8:34-39.

2. The Devil; vs. 25, 39. The enemy. The Devil is the great counterfeiter. He seeks to imitate Christ and, by this means, delude people into hearing his gospel, believing his religion and serving him, and all the while imagining they are serving God! Is Christ a Sower? So also is the Devil. Does Christ sow seed? So also does the Devil. (Galatians 1:8). Does Christ have “ministers,” or servants? So does the Devil. (2 Corinthians 11:13-15). Does Christ work miracles? So does the Devil. (2 Thessalonians 2:9). Does Christ have a church? So does the Devil. (Revelation 2:9). Behind modernism with its bloodless gospel, and every false cult and religion is the Devil with his host of wicked spirits seeking to delude and enslave unwary souls. Ephesians 6:11-13. (1) He lives to sow evil. Cp. John 8:44. Hence all the false cults of today. (2) He seeks to spoil the good. Ephesians 6:11, 12; 2 Corinthians 11:13-15.

II. The Two Crops. Vs. 25-30.

1. Saved—the children of the Kingdom. The crop presupposes: (1) Ploughing—conviction. Isaiah 28:24; Hosea 10:12; Psalm 38:2-6; Lam, 1:20; Acts 2:37, etc. (2) The sowing—Conversion. 1 Thessalonians 2:13; John 5:24; James 1:21, etc. (3) The crop—fruit to the glory of God. Romans 6:14-22; John 15:16; Hebrews 13:15. The proof of real salvation is fruit.

2. Unsaved—the children of the evil one. Cp. John 8:44; 1 John 5:19; Luke 16:13. Note the tares are very similar in appearance to the wheat but no fruit. Note, also, the field is the world, not the church. Distinguish between Christianity and Christendom. In Christendom both saved and unsaved grow together—but this should not be so in the assembly or church. See 2 Corinthians 6:14-18.

III. The Two Harvests. Vs. 30, 38-40.

1. With Christ at His coming. Forever with the Lord in that glorious place He is even now preparing for His own. 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; 1 Corinthians 15:51-57; John 14:1-3.

2. With the Devil in the lake of fire; v. 30. Cp. Matthew 25:41; Revelation 20:10-15; 21:8, 27. What Shall the Harvest Be?

Lesson 170: The Hidden Treasure And The Pearl
Matthew 13:44-46
Golden Text: 1 Peter 2:9

The Treasure

I. The Field—The World.

1. The field created—a paradise. Genesis 1:26-31; 2:8-17; Jeremiah 10:12. All fair and beautiful.

2. The field ruined by sin. What sin has wrought: (1) The world has been ruined by Satan who, as the tempter, caused man to fall and sin to enter the world. Romans 5:12. (2) The world is now described as “lying- in the arms of the wicked one.” 1 John 5:19. (3) The world is now “guilty before God.” Romans 3:19. (4) The whole world now groans in pain waiting for the manifestation of the sons of God. Romans 8:19-23.

3. The field loved; John 3:16, 17; 1 John 4:9; John 6:33.

II. The Treasure. Cp. Exodus 19:5; Psalm 135:4; 1 Peter 2:9. This can apply to both Israel and the Church. Applied to the church, which is composed of every believer in the Lord Jesus Christ, we find the treasure was:

1. Foreknown; Romans 8:29; Psalm 139:1; 1 Peter 1:2.

2. Predestinated; Romans 8:29; Ephesians 1:5, 11.

3. Called; Romans 8:30; 1:6; 1 Corinthians 1:2; Galatians 1:15.

4. Justified; Romans 8:30; 3:24-26.

5. Glorified; Romans 8:30. For God calls things which are not, as though they were. Romans 4:17. The church, then, is God’s eternal purpose. Ephesians 1:11; 2 Timothy 1:9.

III. The Finder—Christ.

1. He came for this purpose. He is the great Searcher. Luke 19:10; 15:5.

2. He died for this purpose. Romans 14:9. See Ezekiel 34:11-16. Note the “I wills.”

IV. The Joy of the Finder. Christ’s joy was twofold. Psalm 40:6-8; John 4:34.

1. The joy of doing the Father’s will. Hebrews 12:2, 3; Psalm 40:6, 8; John 4:34.

2. The joy of having His blood bought bride. Luke 15:6, 9, 24, etc.

V. The Price Paid—“All that he hath.” Cp. Philippians 2:5-8; Galatians 1:4; 2:20; Acts 20:28; Ephesians 1:7; Colossians 1:14, 20; 1 Corinthians 6:20.

VI. The Possession. Cp. S. of S. 2:16; John 17:1. The Pearl—An illustration of the Church. Note it is not Christ Who is “the pearl of great price” but the Church which He redeemed by His blood. The pearl is like the church.

1. In its unity—one pearl. The Church is “one body.” 1 Corinthians 10:17; 12:12, 13; Ephesians 4:4-16.

2. In its formation—by accretion. A vital union—an organism. Acts 2:41, 47; 5:14; 11:24; Ephesians 2:21; Colossians 2:19.

3. In its completion; Ephesians 5:25-27.

VII. The Price. 1 Peter 2:9 (Marg.). Acts 20:28; 1 Corinthians 6:20; 1 Peter 1:18; 1 Corinthians 3:21-23.

VIII. The Purpose. Ephesians 1:6, 12, 14; Romans 8:29; 1 Peter 2:9; 1 Corinthians 6:20. To reflect His glory.

Lesson 171: The Demoniac Healed
Luke 8:26-40
Golden Text: Luke 8:39

I. His Condition. Vs. 20-30. Here is a graphic illustration of the unsaved.

1. Naked; v. 27. Clothes speak of righteousness. The unsaved have: (1) No righteousness before God. Romans 3:10-14; Isaiah 64:6. (2) No life from God; Ephesians 2:1. (3) No hope in God; Ephesians 2:12.

2. Unclean. Sin not only strips man of his righteousness before God. but pollutes him also. Mark 5:2. Cp. Psalm 14:2, 3; Isaiah 59:1, 2, 12.

3. Uncontrollable; v. 29. Man cannot control himself though he may proudly recite: “I am the master of my fate! I am the captain of my soul.” Cp. Romans 7:9-15, 21.

4. Under power of another—demons—Satan; v. 30. Cp. Ephesians 2:2, 3; 2 Corinthians 4:3, 4; Colossians 1:13; Acts 26:18.

5. Homeless; v. 27. Dwelt in place of death and corruption. Fit picture of this world. Ephesians 4:18, 1 Corinthians 6:9-11.

6. Wounded. Sin is spiritual suicide. Man wounds himself each time he sins. Cp. Mark 5:5. Cp. Proverbs 8:36; Hosea 13:9; Isaiah 1:5, 6.

7. In agony. Cp. Mark 5:5. “Always.” Cp. Isaiah 57:20, 21.

8. Dangerous; Matthew 8:28. The sinner is a spiritual menace.

II. His Deliverance. Vs. 28-36.

1. The first move made by Deity. Christ crossed the sea to find him; see Luke 8:22-25. Cp. Hebrews 12:2; John 3:16, etc.; 1 John 4:10. Note Christ passed through a storm ere He could reach and save him. Surely this is a picture of Calvary and the storm of God’s wrath He endured.

2. The demons cast out. No cure while they controlled. Some demons that will have to go ere Christ saves: Pride, fear of man, prejudice, procrastination, etc.

3. He recognized Jesus as Son of God; v. 28-Cp. 1 John 4:15; 5:1; John 20:31.

4. He came as he was with the chains still hanging on his wrists. Mark 5:6. “Just as I am.”

5. The word of power; vs. 30-32. Cp. Mark 5:8; Matthew 28:19; Mark 10:27.

6. The effect: v. 35. (1) Peace—at the feet of Jesus; Romans 5:1. (2) Clothed; v. 35. Cp. Isaiah 61:10; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Romans 3:22; 1 Corinthians 1:30, 31. (3) Right mind. Cp. Ephesians 4:23; Philippians 2:5; Colossians 3:10. (4) Under control of Christ— at His feet. Philippians 2:13; 4:13; Romans 12:1, 2; 6:13, 19.

III. His Service. Vs. 38-40.

1. He desired to follow; v. 38.

2. His commission; v. 39. (1) The sphere—home. Cp. 1 Timothy 5:4. (2) The theme—what the Lord had done. Cp. Psalms 40:13; 66:16; Romans 10:9, 10.

Lesson 172: Reformation Not Enough
Luke 11:21-26
Golden Text: Matthew 7:21

In this lesson there has been gathered much evidence to show the futility of reformation to gain God’s favor. Drive this home to the class.

I. Definitions—Reform: To improve; to correct; to make better; to remove that which is objectionable; to reclaim; to repair.

II. Illustrations from Scripture.

1. By Parables. (1) The Tenantless House; Luke 11:24-26. (a) The tenant—“unclean spirit.” as drink, swearing, etc., etc. (b) The eviction. “Gone out” by force of will, (c) The unoccupied heart. Its changed condition—“cleaned up”—“quit his meanness”—swept and garnished, but no occupant, (d) The return—with 7 fold worse condition. Cp. Revelation 3:20; 1 Corinthians 6:19; Ephesians 1:13, etc. (2) The New patch in the old garment. Matthew 9:16. (a) The old garment—our own righteousness. Cp. Isaiah 64:6; Genesis 3:7, etc. (b) The new patch—a good resolve, etc. (c) The result—made worse. Cp. Isaiah 61:10; Romans 3:20-22; 2 Corinthians 5:21, etc. (3) The Wine Bottles; Matthew 9:17. Heavenly joy can only be contained in heaven-born people. (4) The Cleansed Cup; Matthew 23:26. Outside respectability covering unregenerate heart. Cp. Mark 7:21; 1 Samuel 16:7: Matthew 33:3-5; Jeremiah 2:22; 1 John 1:7; Acts 13:38; S. of S. 4:7. (5) The False Foundation; Matthew 7:24-29. Cp. 1 Corinthians 3:11; Matthew 16:16-18. (6) The Untempered Mortar; Ezekiel 13:10-15. (7) The Whited Sepulchre; Matthew 23:27.

2. By Incidents. (1) Nicodemus; John 3:1-3. (2) Rich Young Man; Mark 10:19-21. (3) The Pharisees; Matthew 23:23-28. (4) Judas—His privileges, his position, his end; Matthew 27:1-5. (5) Simon the Sorcerer; Acts 8:13; 18-23.

3. Give modern illustrations, as white-washing a black mark on a wall .painting a rotten ship, putting a new body on an old chassis with a worn out engine, etc.

III. Application.

1. What it does. (1) It changes outward life. (2) Makes better citizens. (3) Gives respectability and pride in self.

2. What it lacks. (1) The Holy Spirit’s regenerating power, apart from which there is no acceptance before God. Romans 8:5-8; John 3: 3-8; Romans 5:5; 1 Corinthians 3:16; Philippians 2:12, 13. (2) Faith in Christ’s finished work as the only foundation for eternal weal. Galatians 2:16; Philippians 3:9; Ephesians 2:8, 9; Titus 3-5. (3) Love for Christ as the only constraining motive for service; 2 Corinthians 5:14, etc.

3. What is needed. (1) Conviction of sin; Isaiah 6:5, etc. (2) Repentance towards God; Acts 20:21; 17:30. (3) Faith in Christ. Acts 13:38, etc.

Lesson 173: The Blind Man
John 9:l-38
Golden Text: 2 Corinthians 4:4

I. The Man’s Condition. V. 1. Born blind. This is the natural condition of all men. They can neither see nor understand spiritual things apart from the operation of the Spirit of God. That is why Christ said to Nicodemus: “Except a man be born again he cannot see.” He needed spiritual vision which only the Divine Oculist can give. Cp. 2 Corinthians 4:3, 4; 4:18; Acts 26:18; Psalm 51:5; John 1:5; 1 Corinthians 2:14; Psalm 82:5; Jeremiah 5:21.

II. The Divine Compulsion. Vs. 2-5.

1. The disciples’ question; vs. 2, 3. Cp. Romans 5:18, 20; 2 Corinthians 12:8; Romans 5:10.

2. The Savior’s declaration; vs. 4-5. Cp. John 4:34; 5:19, 36; 11:9; 12:35, 46; Isaiah 42:7; Luke 4:18; John 8:12; 9:39; 2 Corinthians 4:6.

III. The Savior’s Command. Vs. 6. 7.

1. A strange act; v. 6. “Clay”—This would drive home to him his physical and spiritual blindness. The sinner must be convinced of his lost, guilty and ruined condition ere he can appreciate his need of God’s saving grace. John 16:8, 9. (Ill. John 4:16).

2. A strange command—to test his faith; v. 7. Salvation is conditional. Matthew 11:28; John 1:12; Acts 13:38; John 3:16, etc. “Come,” “look,” “take,” “receive.” Here it was “go.”

IV. The Wondrous Change. V. 7. “Came seeing.” What it meant to him. Picture his first view of the wonders of God’s creation. Cp. “At the Cross where I first saw the light.” Cp. 1 Peter 2:9; Colossians 1:13; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Ephesians 5:8; 1 Thessalonians 5:4, 5.

V. The Great Controversy. Vs. 8-25.

1. With the neighbours; vs. 8-12. Note the progress of his appreciation of the Person of Christ; vs. 11, 17, 25, 33, 35, 36.

2. With the Pharisees; vs. 13-18. (1) Their self-righteousness; v. 16. (2) Their blindness; v. 18. Cp. Vs. 40, 41. (3) His testimony; v. 17.

3. With the parents; vs. 19-23. Cp. John 12:42, 43.

VI. The Simple Confession; vs. 25-33. Not only his eyes but his mouth was opened. Romans 10:9, 10; Mark 8:38; 1 John 2:23. He told what he knew. Cp. 1 John 5:13. The power of a simple testimony.

VII. The Drastic Consequence. V. 34. “Cast out”—excommunication. They cast him out of that from which they had already cast out Christ. Cp. Matthew 5:11; John 15:18-25; Matthew 10:28; John 16:2-4.

VIII. The Blessed Communion. Vs. 35-41.

1. The revelation; vs. 35-37. Here is a definite testimony, from Christ, as to His Own Deity. Cp. John 10:30; 4:26; 8:24; Matthew 26:63, 64, etc.

2. The result—worship; v. 38. Cp. John 4:22-24; Hebrews 10:12-22.

Lesson 174: The Feeding Of The Five Thousand
Luke 9:10-17; Matthew 15:13-21
Golden Text: John 6:27

I. The Starving Multitude. Mark 8:2, 3.

1. Their purpose; Luke 9:10, 11. (1) To hear Him; v. 11; Isaiah 55:1. (2) To be healed; v. 11. Cp. Matthew 15:30. Note the variety of conditions and cp. Isaiah 1:4-6; Matthew 9:13. (3) The result—“He healed them.” Hebrews 7:25; Matthew 28:18.

2. Their condition—starving; Matthew 15:32. Cp. Matthew 5:6; Psalms 27:4; 107:9; Amos 8:11.

3. The need—bread; Matthew 15:33. Our need—salvation; Romans 3:19-24, etc.

II. The Compassionate Saviour. Note the many references to the compassion of Christ. May the Lord give us compassionate hearts! Mark 8:2. Cp. Luke 4:2; Mark 11:12; Lamentations 3:22; Mark 1:41; Luke 7:13; Hebrews 5:2; Ezekiel 33:11; John 3:16; 1 John 4:10; 3:16, etc.

1. He knew their condition. Matthew 8:2; Psalm 14:1-3; Hosea 5:12.

2. He knew their need; John 6:5. Cp. John 6:32-35.

3. He could supply their need. With Him was “all power.” Matthew 28:19.

III. The Questioning: Disciples. Mark 8:4; Luke 9:12.

1. Their hardness of heart. How cold and unsympathetic they were. “Send them away;” Luke 9:12. Cp. Matthew 19:13; Mark 16:14. How different from their Master!

2. Their unbelief; Mark 8:4. “Can a man?” They forgot the great Provider was in their midst, the Son of God and Son of Man. Cp. Mark 10:27; Isaiah 40:26-28; Matthew 28:18, etc.; Ephesians 3:20.

3. The little lad; John 6:8, 9, and his “all.” He brought it to the Savior and handed it over to Him. Cp. The handing over of our lives to Him to be used in multiplied blessing to others.

IV. The Providing Saviour. Matthew 15:34-37; Luke 9:14-17.

1. Rest. “Set down;” Matthew 11:28.

2. Order. “By fifties”—no overlapping or confusion; 1 Corinthians 14:40.

3. Thanks. Cp. 1 Corinthians 11:24; John 11:41; Matthew 11:25; Ephesians 5:20; Hebrews 13:15; Revelation 4:9.

4. Broken. The bread broken. Only as we are broken in spirit and our wills submissive can He use us. Luke 9:16. Cp. John 6:48, 51 and Matthew 26:26: 1 Corinthians 11:24; Psalm 51:17.

5. Given to disciples to distribute. Mark 16:16; Matthew 28:18-20; 2 Corinthians 5:19-21, etc.

V. The Plentiful Repast. Luke 9:17.

1. All provided. Cp. Philippians 4:19; Psalm 23:1.

2. All fed. Isaiah 55:1-3; Luke 1:53; John 6:35.

3. All satisfied. Philippians 3:7, 8; Galatians 2:20.

VI. The Astounding Result. John 6:12, 13—Twelve baskets full. Ephesians 3:20; 2 Corinthians 9:8.

Lesson 175: Peter’s Confession
Matthew 16:13-26
Golden Text: Romans 10:9, 10

1. An important question. Eternal issues at stake. Cp. John 8:24, 21; Mark 16:16; John 3:36; 1 John 5:1; John 20:31.

2. A personal question—“say ye.” Cp. Matthew 22: 42; 27:22. Note what (1) Think ye? Matthew 22:42. (2) Say ye? Matthew 16:15. (3) Will ye do? Matthew 27:22. Here are thoughts, words and deeds about Christ.

3. A question that must be answered—in time or eternity. Philippians 2:9-11; Acts 9:5.

II. The Confession. V. 16. Christ’s Deity asserted. This confession of the essential and eternal Deity of Christ is

1. Essential to salvation. Romans 10:9, 10; 1 John 5:12, 13. No one who doubts His Deity can be saved while in that condition.

2. Evidence of new birth. 1 John 5:1; John 1:11-13; 1 Corinthians 12:3.

3. Essential to sound doctrine. Hebrews 1:1-8; Colossians 1:15-18; 2:8-10. This is the day when His Deity is being assailed from behind the pulpit of many a denomination and the faith of many undermined in this great foundation truth of Christianity.

III. The Declaration. Vs. 17-20.

1. As to its origin—“The Father” Cp. 1 Corinthians 2:10, 12-14; Galatians 1:16; John 3:27; Matthew 3:17; Romans 8:5-9; Matthew 17:5, etc.

2. As to its import; v. 18. The Church to be built on this truth—Christ the Son of God, Christ as Lord. Cp. Acts 2:21, 36; 3:14, 15, 26; 8:5, 37; 9:5, 17, 20; 20:28; 1 Corinthians 3:11; Ephesians 2:20; 1 Peter 2:6-8.

3. As to its effect; vs. 18. 19. Eternal verity. Cp. Matthew 24:35; Ecclesiastes 3:14; 1 Corinthians 15:25, etc.

IV. The Revelation. V. 21.

1. The Divine Division. “From that time.” This verse marks a division in Matthew’s gospel. From this point on, Christ’s rejection by Israel is assumed.

2. The Divine Compulsion, “must.” Cp. John 3:14; 9:4; 6:38; 4:4; Mark 10:45; Hebrews 9:22; John 10:11, 17, 18; 12:27, 24, 32, etc.

V. The Rebuke. V. 22. Note the margin, “Pity Thyself” or “spare Thyself.” This was due to Peter’s ignorance. Cp. John 13:6, 7; 16:7, 12.

1. Satan’s strategy; v. 23. Satan ever sought to dissuade and turn Christ from the cross. Cp. Luke 4:3, 6, 9-11; John 14:30, etc.

VI. The Reply. Vs. 23-26.

1. Denunciation; v. 23. 2 Corinthians 8:9; Matthew 1:21; Hebrews 10:7-9; 12:2.

2. Renunciation; v. 24. Cp. Philippians 3:7-9; Galatians 6:14; 1 John 2:15-17.

3. Compensation; v. 25. Cp. Philippians 3:8; 2 Timothy 4:8; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; Mark 10:29, 30.

4. Interrogation: v. 26. This question has never been answered, but it must be faced by all.

Lesson 176: The Transfiguration
Matthew 17:1-13
Golden Text: Hebrews 2:9

We shall look at various groups in this lesson and seek to discover what each can teach us.

I. The Disciples.

1. The “inner circle”—Peter, James and John. They enjoyed a peculiar intimacy with Christ which was not shared by the others. Psalm 25:14. Cp. Mark 5:37; Matthew 26:37, 38; 2 Peter 1:16-18; John 1:14; 1 John 1:3, 7; Philippians 3:10.

2. The “apart” place. Cp. Matthew 14:13; Mark 6: 31. Cp. Matthew 6:6; Galatians 6:14; John 17:15-17; 2 Corinthians 7:1.

II. The Lord Jesus. Vs. 1-5.

1. Transfigured—note when; “as he prayed.” Luke 9:29. Here is a glimpse of His eternal power and Godhead. Peter never forgot this wondrous revelation; 2 Peter 1:16-19.

2. Type of His coming glory. Cp. Matthew 16:28. Hebrews 2:9; Acts 7:55, 56; Revelation 4:11; 5:9; Mark 8: 39; Revelation 1:12-17; 2 Peter 1:17.

3. Talked with Moses and Elias; v. 3.

4. Testified to by the Father; v. 5.

III. Moses and Elijah. V. 3.

1. Moses—type of dead raised—and of the Law witnessing to his glory.

2. Elijah—type of living changed and caught up—and the prophets.

3. Their subject; Luke 9:30, 31—His decease or exodus. The great central fact of all time and eternity. Cp. Luke 24:25-27, 44. The Lamb of God (1) Typified in the Law. (2) Prophecied in the prophets. (3) Described in the Psalms. (4) Crucified in the Gospels. (5) Magnified in the Epistles. (6) Glorified in Revelation.

IV. Peter. V. 4.

1. Sleepy. See Peter’s three sleeps. (1) Of unripe Christian experience; Luke 9:32. (2) Of faithlessness; Mark 14:37. (3) Of confidence and trust; Acts 12:6. Cp. Luke 9:32; Ephesians 5:14; 1 Thessalonians 5:16; Romans 13:11, 12.

2. Hasty. Mark 9:6; Ecclesiastes 5:1; James 1:19.

3. Erring. By this proposal he put Christ on a level with Moses and Elijah and this God did not tolerate for one moment for He has given Him the place of preeminence. Colossians 1:15-19; Philippians 2:9-11.

V. The Father. V. 5.

1. Covers up Moses and Elijah. Colossians 1:15-19.

2. Testifies to His Son. Matthew 3:17; John 12:28. Note God here quotes 3 passages from the O. T. (1) “My beloved Son;” Psalm 2:7. (2) “Well pleased;” Isaiah 43:1. (3) “Hear Him;” Deuteronomy 18:15. From Moses the prophets and the Psalms.

VI. The Result. Vs. 6-9.

1. Fear: v. 6. Cp. Isaiah 0:3-5; Daniel 10:4-11; Job 40:1-5.

2. Comfort; v. 7. 1 John 4:16-19.

3. “Jesus only;” v. 8. Cp. Hebrews 12:1; Philippians 1:20, 21.

Lesson 177: Healing Of The Lunatic Boy
Mark 9:14-29
Golden Text: Mark 9:23

I. The Boy. Vs. 14-18.

1. Possessed of an evil spirit; v. 17. Demon possession is a very real thing and far more prevalent than we imagine. Cp. Ephesians 2:2.,3; 1 Corinthians 12:2; 2 Timothy 2:26; 2 Corinthians 4:3, 4; Luke 11:21, 22; Luke 16:13.

2. Dumb; v. 17. Cp. Romans 3:13, 14, 19; Psalm 51:15.

3. Controlled entirely by this evil spirit—notice its malignity; vs. 18, 22. Cp. Job 1:9; 2:4; Ephesians 6:12; 1 Peter 5:8; 1 John 2:13; 2 Corinthians 11:14.

II. The Disciples’ Failure. Vs. 18, 28, 29. Due to

1. Lack of communion; v.29. “Prayer.” 1 Chronicles 16:11; Luke 18:1; John 15:7; Ephesians 6:18; James 4:2, 3.

2. Lack of faith; v. 19. 1 John 5:4; Hebrews 11:6, 33, 34; Mark 11:23; James 1:6.

3. Lack of self-denial; v. 29. “Fasting.” 2 Samuel 24:24; Acts 20:24; 1 Peter 2:11; 1 Corinthians 9:25-27.

III. The Boy’s Father. V. 17.

1. His reproach; v. 22. “If thou canst.”—Note the “ifs.” (1) Of divine willingness; Luke 5:12. (2) Of divine power; Mark 9:22. (3) Of personal fitness; Matthew 9:21. (4) Of divine word; Matthew 14:28. (5) Of divine providence; 2 Kings 7:2.

2. His appeal; v. 22. “Have compassion.” Cp. Isaiah 63:9; Lamentations 3:22, 23; Isaiah 42:3; Matthew 14:14.

3. The answer; v. 23. “If thou canst believe.” Here is Christ’s answer to the man’s “If Thou canst.” Faith is the channel through which omnipotence works. Faith believes God’s word, counts on God’s power, receives God’s Son and glorifies God’s name. Cp. Mark 5:36; Acts 16:31; Ephesians 2:8; Luke 1:45, etc.

4. His cry; v. 24. What a depth of meaning is in this cry that has been re-echoed by thousands since! Cp. Hebrews 11:6; Psalms 40:17; 25:1, 2; 56:3; Matthew 8:30; Luke 8:50; John 6:29; 11:40; 20:27, 29.

IV. The Savior. Vs. 19-27.

1. The Invitation; v. 19. “Bring him to Me.” This is the solution of all our problems, and how slow we are to do it! Cp. Matthew 11:28; John 5:40; 6:37; 7:37; 14:6; 10:9, etc.

2. The Command; v. 25. Cp. Romans 1:4; Luke 5:24; Acts 2:22; 10:38; Matthew 28:18; 2 Chronicles 16:9; Psalms 33:9; 62:16; Romans 1:16, etc.

V. The Result. Vs. 26, 27.

1. Complete deliverance; vs. 26, 27. Cp. Acts 13:38.

2. The disciples’ question answered; vs. 28, 29. Does this explain our fruitlessness in the service of Christ? Are we laying hold upon God for the souls of our classes or hearers?

Lesson 178: The Good Samaritan
Luke 10:25-37
Golden Text: 1 John 4:9

I. The Circumstances. Vs. 25-29.

1. The lawyer’s question: v. 25. Cp. Mark 10:17.

2. The law’s demands; vs. 6, 27. Absolute perfection. Romans 7:12, 7; James 2:10; Galatians 3: 19, 21-24.

3. The Saviour’s reply; v. 28. Note Christ did not say: “This try to do and thou shalt live,” but “This do.” Many imagine their attempts to keep the law will merit God’s favor in spite of their failure to keep it. The law demands perfection which no one can give. Cp. Romans 2:17-21; Romans 8:3.

II. The Man. V. 30.

1. Where he went: (1) “Down.” Cp. Isaiah 53:6; Romans 3:12; Psalm 14:2, 3. (2) To Jericho (the place of the curse). Cp. Joshua 6:17, 18, 26. From Jerusalem. He left the place of blessing-—the place of vision—the place of possession for Jericho the place of the curse, of no vision and no possession. Cp. Galatians 3:10; Deuteronomy 27:26; John 3:36; Job 36:18.

2. “What happened to him; v. 30. (1) Fell among thieves. Cp. Isaiah 44:22; 1 Peter 5:8; 2 Timothy 2:26 (2) Stripped. Sin strips of: (a) Purity, (b) Character, (c) Soul. Cp. Isaiah 64:6; Zechariah 2:2.3. (3) Wounded. Sin wounds. Cp. Isaiah 1:4-6; Proverbs 23:32; Jeremiah 10:19; 30:12; Psalm 38: 4-8. (4) Left half dead. Man, by nature, is half dead, physically alive but spiritually dead. Cp. Ephesians 2:1; Colossians 2:13; Ezekiel 16:5, 6; James 1:15.

III. The Passers-by.

1. Priest—representative of Religion, and Ceremonialism. Ordinances, etc., cannot help the sinner. They can do for him just what the priest did—nothing! Cp. John 3:3; Isaiah 1:11-16; Galatians 2:16; 3:10, 13; Romans 3:19, 20, 28; 4:5, 15; John 3:3.

2. Levite—representative of the law. The law demands what we cannot give. Romans 7:7-14. Therefore it cannot help the stripped wounded and half dead sinner. Cp. Ephesians 2:8, 9; Romans 4:5; Galatians 2:16; Titus 3:4, 5.

IV. The Good Samaritan. Vs. 33-37.

1. Who he was—the despised one; John 4:9. Cp. Isaiah 53:3. A picture of the Lord Jesus.

2. What he did: (1) Came to where he was. Cp. Hebrews 2:14; Galatians 4:4, 5; Luke 19:10; John 3:17. (2) Had compassion. Cp. 1 John 4:9; 15:13; Exodus 34:6; 2 Corinthians 8:9; John 1:14, 17, etc. (3) Bound up wounds. Cp. Luke 4:18; Matthew 9:13; Isaiah 53:4, 5; 1 Peter 2:24, 25. (4) Placed him in his own place; v. 34. Cp. Psalm 40:1-3; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Ephesians 1:3; 2:5, 6. (5) Provided for him; v. 35. Cp Ephesians 1:3. 4, 5, 6, 7, 11, 13; Matthew 6:33; Philippians 4:19; 2 Peter 1:3. (6) Promised to return; v. 35. Cp. John 14:1-3; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18. (7) Promised to reward. “I will repay.” Cp. 1 Corinthians 3:11-15.

Lesson 179: Christ And Various Classes
Luke 9:46-62
Golden Text: Ecclesiastes 12:1

In this chapter Christ is seen dealing with various classes and dispositions, each of which requires a different method of procedure. We may learn much from the way the Lord meets and answers the various problems that arise.

I. The Ambitious. Vs. 46-48.

1. Ambition; v. 46. The old question of who shall have the preeminence; the cause of more trouble amongst the people of God than anything else. Cp. Matthew 18:1; 20:20-26; 23:11, 12; Jeremiah 45:5; Hebrews 13:5.

2. Perception; v. 47. Cp. Isaiah 11:2, 3; Hebrews 4:13; Psalm 139:1-12

3. Illustration; v. 48. Cp. Matthew 18:1-4; 20:28; Jeremiah 9:23, 24; Ezekiel 28:17; 3 John 9; Galatians 6:3.

II. The Bigoted. Vs. 49, 50.

1. Its cause; v. 49. “Saw one.” Here is the sectarian spirit that would forbid anyone to preach unless “he is one of us.” Cp. Galatians 6:4; John 20:21, 22.

2. Its consequence; v. 49. “Forbad.” Cp. Philippians 1:15-18; Galatians 3:26-28.

3. Its censure; v. 50. Luke 16:13; Matthew 12:30. Illus. 1 Kings 19:14, 18.

III. The Revengeful. Vs. 51»56.

1. The Savior’s purpose; v. 51. Prom this purpose of going to the cross He allowed none to turn Him aside. Cp. John 3:14; 4:34; Psalm 40:6-8; Hebrews 12:1.

2. The Savior’s reception; v. 53. Cp. John 5:40; Revelation 3:20; Proverbs 1:24, 25, 30, 31.

3. The servant’s haste; v. 54. Cp. Philippians 2:3; Proverbs 10:19; 2 Kings 1:10-12.

4. The Saviour’s rebuke; vs. 55, 56. How little the disciples realized the new era of grace that had come by Christ; John 1:17. Cp. Romans 12:19-21; John 3:17; Mark 10:45, etc.

IV. The Calculating. Vs. 57, 58.

1. The proposal made; v. 57. We would gladly have enrolled him as a convert, but Christ saw his shallowness and fickleness. He had emotion without motion. Cp. Luke 22:33.

2. The cost propounded; V. 58. Cp. 2 Corinthians 8:9; 2 Corinthians 11:23-28; Luke 14:25-33.

V. The Procrastinating. Vs. 59, 60.

1. The command; v. 59. Cp. John 1:43; 10:27; Matthew 11:28, etc.; Mark 10:21.

2. The excuse; v. 59. His father was not necessarily dead but probably was aged. What he said in effect, was: “Let me wait until my father dies.” Cp. Luke 14:18.

3. The application; v. 60. Cp. Ephesians 2:1, 2; 2 Corinthians 6:14-18; 1 John 2:15-17.

VI. The Hesitating. Vs. 61. 62.

1. The offer—with a “but;” v. 61. Cp. Acts 26:28, 24-25

2. The statement; v. 62. Cp. 1 Corinthians 9:24-27; Hebrews 10:38, 39; Philippians 3:13, 14; Hebrews 12:1, 2.

Lesson 180: The Crooked Woman
Luke 13:10-17
Golden Text: Hebrews 2:14, 15

I. The Needy Sinner. Vs. 10, 11.

1. Infirm; v. 11. Cp. Genesis 6:5, 12; 8:21; Ecclesiastes 7:29; Psalm 14:2, 3; 51:5; 58:2-5; Proverbs 20:9; Philippians 2:15; Isaiah 1:5; 48:8; Jeremiah 2:22; Romans 3:23, etc.

2. Helpless; v. 11. The words “in no wise lift up” are translated “uttermost” in Hebrews 7:25. Here is the “gutter-most” of need met by the “uttermost” of salvation! Cp. Romans 5:6; 8:8; Job 25:4-6; 14:4.

3. Bound by Satan; v. 16. Cp. Acts 8:23; 2 Timothy 2:26; Luke 11:21, 22; John 8:44; Acts 26:18; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Ephesians 2:2; 1 Timothy 5:15; 1 Peter 5:8.

II. The Ready Savior. Vs. 12, 13.

1. He called her to Him; v. 12. Cp. Matthew 11:28; John 6:37; Matthew 9:13; Revelation 22:17; John 11:28; Isaiah 43:2.

2. He spake to her; v. 12. John 5:24; Isaiah 55:3; 55:11; Romans 10:17; John 7:46; 1 Peter 1:23.

3. He touched her; v. 13. Cp. His touch for: (1) Healing; Luke 22:51. (2) Cleansing; Luke 5:12. (3) Life; Luke 7:14. (4) Blessing; Matthew 10:16. (5) Strength; Luke 13:13. (6) Help; Mark 9:27. (7) Deliverance; Matthew 14:31.

III. The Astounding Result. V. 13.

1. Made straight. Solomon, with all his wisdom, had much to learn. He declared “that which is crooked cannot be made straight” Ecclesiastes 1:15. Here Christ makes the crooked straight so that she may walk the straight path. Psalm 5:8: Isaiah 40:4; Jeremiah 31:9. Christ makes straight to go straight. Cp. Romans 3:25; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Ephesians 4:17; Hebrews 12:13; Philippians 2:15.

2. Glorified God. This is the Divine purpose in salvation; the glory of the One Who has saved us. Are we living God-glorifying lives? 1 Peter 2:9; 2 Thessalonians 1:12; 1 Corinthians 6:19, 20; 3:21-23; 1:30-31.

IV. The Fault-Finding Hypocrite. V. 14. This generation of fault-finding hypocrites hasn’t died out. Wherever there is a work for God these carping critics will be found.

1. Found fault with Christ. Cp. Luke 7:30-35; Titus 1:15, 16.

2. Found fault with the woman. Matthew 9:13; Luke 19:10.

3. Found fault with the people, “six days.”

V. The Public Rebuke. Vs. 15, 16. Cp. Matthew 23:1-33.

1. His description of the critical hypocrites; v. 15. A hypocrite is one who pretends to be what he doesn’t intend to be!

2. His illustration; v. 15. The common decencies of life demand kindness to animals that they be loosed on the Sabbath to drink water.

3. His application; v. 16. Apply this to all those who are still bound in their sins! “Ought not (this boy or girl) to be loosed this day?”

VI. The Joyous Sequel. V. 17.

1. The adversaries ashamed. Cp 1 Peter 2:12; Philippians 1:28; 1 Timothy 5:14.

2. The people rejoicing. Romans 1:16; Acts 8:6-8; Mark 12:37.

Lesson 181: The Good Shepherd
John 10:1-18
Golden Text: John 10:11

I. He Seeks the Sheep. Read Luke 15:3-5. The condition of the sheep. Luke 19:10; Ezekiel 34:16.

1. Astray. Isaiah 53:6; Psalm 119:176; Matthew 9:36; Ezekiel 34:11.

2. Lost. 2 Corinthians 4:4; Ezekiel 34:12; 33:4-6.

3. Helpless. John 8:34; Romans 7:19, etc.

4. In danger. Job 36:18; John 3:18, 36. A lost sheep, like a lost sinner, is in danger of (1) The storm. That is, God’s wrath revealed from heaven. Romans 1:18. (2) An attack from a lion. That is, the Devil, who lies in wait to blind, rob and take captive unwary souls. 1 Peter 5:8. (3) An attack from a wolf. That is, a teacher of false doctrine. See Matthew 7:15.

II. He Laid Down His Life for Them. Vs. 15, 11, 17, 18.

1. The solicitude. Cp. John 3:16; Hosea 11:4; Jeremiah 31:3; Acts 20:28; Ephesians 5:25.

2. The sacrifice. Mark 10:45; John 3:14; 10:10; Galatians 2:20; 1 Corinthians 15:3, 4; 2 Corinthians 5:21; 8:9.

3. The salvation. Cp. Acts 13:38; 10:43; John 10:9; Isaiah 45:22, etc.

III. He Gives His Life to the Sheep—Here is regeneration; v. 28. John 5:24; 3:36; 1 John 5:9-13; John 1:12; Colossians 3:4; John 5:40.

1. As the Good Shepherd He gives His life for the sheep. John 10:11.

2. As the Great Shepherd He gives His life to the sheep. John 10:28; Hebrews 13:20.

3. As the Chief Shepherd He will glorify His sheep. 1 Peter 5:4.

IV. He Knows His Sheep. Vs. 4, 14, 27. Note the two marks of His sheep:

1. Ear—They hear His voice: (1) In believing. John 5:24; Isaiah 55:3. (2) In obedience: (a) Baptism. Mark 16:16; Acts 2:41. (b) Breaking bread; 1 Corinthians 11:25, 26. (c) Witnessing. Matthew 28:18-20; Acts 1:8.

2. Foot—They follow Me. The walk. Cp. 1 John 2:19; 2:15, 16; 3:3; John 17:14-19; Ephesians 4:1; Hosea 6:3.

V. He Keeps His Sheep. Vs. 28-30. Their eternal security. Due to:

1. Their acceptance of Him. John 1:12; 2 Timothy 1:12.

2. Their position in Him. Cp. Ephesians 1:6; 1 John 4:17; 1 Corinthians 1:30; Colossians 2:9, 10.

3. His ceaseless intercession for them. Hebrews 7:25; Romans 5:10; 8:34-39.

VI. He Provides for His Sheep. V. 9. “Pasture.”

1. He supplies their temporal needs. Psalm 23:1; Philippians 4:19; Matthew 6:26-34; Ezekiel 34:14, 15.

2. He meets all their spiritual needs, as (1) Forgiveness. 1 John 1:9; 2:1, 2. (2) Grace. 2 Corinthians 12:9; 9:8, etc. (3) Guidance; John 10:4. He leads; Psalm 23:4.

VII. He Will Enfold All His Sheep. John 10:1«.

1. The place prepared; John 14:2.

2. The gathering shout; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18.

3. The heavenly home. Revelation 21:1-5; 22:1-7, 22; John 37:24.

Lesson 182: The Great Supper
Luke 14:12-24
Golden Text: Revelation 19:9

I. The Feast Prepared. V. 16.

1. In honor of the King’s Son. Cp. Matthew 22:2. Not for convenience of guests. Cp. Matthew 3:17; John 12:28; Colossians 1:18. All that a king’s power and wealth could procure was there.

2. It was a feast—not a funeral. Salvation a joyous fact. Cp. Luke 2:9-14; Romans 10:15.

3. All was provided by the King—even to the garment. Cp. Matt, 22:11-13. Titus 2:11; Ephesians 2:8; 2 Corinthians 5:18; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Romans 3:22; Isaiah 61:10, etc. The guests were not expected to invite themselves, i.e., prayer; or earn their meal by their own efforts, i.e., good works; nor were they asked to pay for their supper. It was all of grace and apart from human merit.

4. “All ready—Finished!” John 19:30; 17:4. Picture the gospel supper and the provision of Forgiveness, Peace, Salvation, Eternal Life. Justification, etc., on the table. Cp. Romans 4:24—5:1; Mark 7:37.

II. The Invitation Given. V. 17. Matthew 22:3, 4.

1. The messengers—the servants. Cp. 2 Corinthians 5:20; 6:1; James 1:1; 2 Peter 1:1; Philippians 1:1; Mark 16:15; Acts 1:8.

2. The message: “Come, for all things are now ready.” (1) Invitation—“Come.” Cp. The “Comes” of the Bible. Genesis 7:1; Isaiah 1:18; 55:1; Matthew 11:28; Revelation 22:17, etc., etc. (2) Inclusiveness—“All things.” Cp. Acts 13:38; John 19:28; 17:4; Luke 22:44. (3) Urgency—“Now ready.” 2 Corinthians 6:2; Romans 10:6-8; Acts 17:30, 31; Isaiah 55:6, 7; Proverbs 8:17.

III. The Excuses Made. Vs. 18-20. Matthew 22:5.

1. Their Attitude—“Made light of it.” Cp. Acts 17:31; Psalm 106:24, 25; Proverbs 1:20-26; 9:12; 8:36; Acts 13:41.

2. Their Excuses; vs. 18-20. Note they gave no reasons but simply excuses. Their excuses but covered the underlying motive which was contempt for the King’s Son. (1) Something to see; v. 18. Cp. Ecclesiastes 1:8; 1 John 2:16, etc. (2) Something to prove; v. 19. Mark 8:36— Here is a good problem to prove. (3) New relationshiPsalm Cp. Isaiah 28:17. (4) Give some present-day excuses and show their fallacy.

IV. The Farther Invitation. Vs. 21-23.

1. The poor, maimed, halt and blind. Here is a graphic picture of each unsaved one. He is a (1) spiritual bankrupt. Luke 7:42. (2) Maimed or not complete. He has lost his innocence, truthfulness, honesty, etc. (3) Halt or lame. He hasn’t walked straight. Romans 3:12. (4) Blind. 2 Corinthians 4:4.

2. The servant’s announcement; v. 22. “Yet there is room.”

3. The outcasts brought in; v. 23. The homeless, outlaws and friendless.

V. The Result Upon the Rejecters. V. 24.

1. They were excused. God, one day, will take the excusers at their word. Proverbs 1:31.

2. The house filled without them. Matthew 22:10.

Lesson 183: The Rich Fool
Luke 12:13-32
Golden Text: Mark 8:86

I. His Description. Vs. 15, 16, 17.

1. Rich; v. 16. Cp. 1 Timothy 6:17; 6:9, 10; Jeremiah 9:23; Mark 10:24.

2. Successful; v. 16. Cp. Psalms 49:11-18; 73:3-22.

3. Covetous; v. 17. Cp. Psalms 62:10; 119:36; Proverbs 30:8.

4. Anxious; v. 17; Cp. Philippians 4:6-8; Matthew 6:25-34. The three rich men of the New Testament are nameless and combine to present a forceful picture of what covetousness leads to. (1) The choice of a rich fool; Mark 10:17-22. (2) The coveteousness of a rich fool; Luke 12:15-19. (3) The consequence of dying as a rich fool; Luke 16:19-31.

II. His Resolution. Vs. 17-19. Note the personal pronouns.

1. Its source—himself; v. 17. 2 Timothy 3:2; Philippians 2:21. He was all wrapped up in himself. He was self-horizoned and saw nothing beyond his own ease, comfort and pleasure. How like thousands today!

2. Its object—himself; vs. 18, 19. Hosea 10:1; 1 Corinthians 10:24. “He was a self-made man and, as such, was a horrible example of unskilled labor!”

III. His Delusion. Vs. 17-19. Prof. Orr points out that this rich man made three fatal errors.

1. He mistook his body for his soul; v. 19. “Soul.” Cp. Revelation 3:17; Luke 12:23; Mark 8:36. All the goods were laid up for his sleek, well-fed body. His soul was bankrupt!

2. He mistook himself for God; v. 19. “My and “I”—no God; Psalms 10:4; 14:1.

3. He mistook time for eternity; v. 19. “Many years.” Ecclesiastes 12:1; James 4:13-15. He spoke of “many years.” God said: “Tonight.”

IV. His Summons. V. 20.

1. The Summoner—God; v. 20. Cp. Hebrews 4:13; 1 Kings 8:39; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Job 34:21; Psalms 33:13-15; 90:8; Jeremiah 17:10; Ezekiel 11:5.

2. The summons; v. 20. (1) The name—Fool. What is a fool? Proverbs 1:7; Psalm 53:1; Proverbs 14:9; Matthew 7:24-29; Proverbs 19:1; 15:2; 22:3. (2) The message—“soul required.” Ezekiel 18:4; Matthew 10:28. (3) The time—“this night.” Cp. Jeremiah 28:16, 17. Cp. 2 Corinthians 6:2. (4) The question—”whence?” Proverbs 10:2; 11:4; 13:7; 23:4; Zephaniah 1:18; Ecclesiastes 5:15, 16.

V. The Application. Vs. 21-32.

1. The believer is the object of the Father’s care; vs. 22-30. Illustrated by: (1) The ravens. (2) The lilies. Cp. Philippians 4:19; 4:6-8, etc., etc.

2. The exhortation; v. 31. Cp. Matthew 6:33; 2 Corinthians 4:17, 18.

3. The encouragement; v. 32. Cp. Isaiah 41:1; Psalm 37:1; 2 Corinthians 4:6.

Lesson 184: Jesus The Light Of The World
John 8:12-25; 1:1-9; 3:19-21
Golden Text: John 8:12

I. The Circumstances; V. 1:11.

1. The homeless Stranger. Cp. John 7:53 and 8:1. Cp. Luke 9:58. A stranger in the world His hands had made; John 1:10.

2. The sinful woman; vs. 3, 4. Cp. Romans 3:22, 23; Galatians 3:22.

3. The crafty accusers; vs. 4-6. Cp. Luke 20:20.

4. The searching reply; vs. 7, 8. The only one that had the right to throw the stone was in their midst, but instead, He bowed Himself to the dust of the earth. Cp. John 3:17; Philippians 2:5-8; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Proverbs 20:9. Note the other occasions when Deity is said to write.

5. The result; v. 9. Conviction. Cp. John 16:12; Romans 2:15; Genesis 42:21.

6. The message; vs. 10, 11. Romans 8:1; John 3:18.

II. Darkness. Type of sin. 1 John 1:5.

1. Man is in spiritual darkness. Colossians 1:13; Acts 26:18; Ephesians 4:18; 1 Peter 2:9; 2 Corinthians 4:4.

2. He is in sinful darkness—the gross sins; Romans 1:21. Vile conduct, etc. (Illust. Judas, John 13:20, etc.).

3. He is in moral darkness—He may have an outwardly good character but be indifferent to the Gospel (Illust.). Rich young man. Mark 10:1; John 2:11.

4. He is in religious darkness. Illust. Pharisees; John 9:40, 41. Nicodemus; John 3.

5. The ruler of darkness—Satan. Ephesians 6:12; Luke 22:53; Ephesians 5:11; Colossians 1:13.

6. The end—outer darkness. Matthew 8:12; 22:13; Jude 13. Thus the sinner is described as having (1) A dark birth; Psalm 51:5. (2) A dark life; John 3:19. (3) A dark death; Romans 6: 23. (4) A dark eternity; Matthew 8:12. Truly a black picture!

III. Light—Christ as the Light. Light is the only thing that can come into contact with defilement and remain pure. So Christ had no sin, knew no sin and did no sin, though He lived in a world that reeked with iniquity.

1. Searched. John 8:3-9; 15:22; Hebrews 4:12; Jeremiah 17:10. (Illust. X-rays). All lives are to Him an open book and nothing can be hidden from Him.

2. Warned. John 3:3; 8:21-24; Matthew 18:3; Luke 13:3. (Illust. Lighthouse).

3. Guided. John 12:46; 12:35, 36; 14:6; 2 Timothy 1:10; Revelation 21:33. (Illust. Harbour light).

4. Result. (1) To those who accept Him: (a) Life. John 1:4; 1 John 5:12, 13; Colossians 3:3, 4. (b)Light. John 8:12; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Ephesians 5:8. (c) Liberty. John 8:32; Galatians 5:1. (d) Glory. Revelation 20:21-25; 21:1-7. (2) To those who reject (Illust. Luke 16:19-31): (a) Darkness. Romans 1:21; Matthew 13:12-15. (b) Death. Romans 6: 23: James 1:15; Ezekiel 18:4; John 8:24. (c) Doom. Revelation 20:10-15; Matthew 22:13; John 3:36; Mark 16:16. (d) Despair, “weeping, wailing and gnashing of teeth;” Matthew 25:30.

Lesson 185: The Deity Of Christ
John 5:17-47
Golden Text: John 5:23

I. The Circumstances; John 5:1-9, 14-16. The healing of the impotent man o-n the Sabbath day had aroused the enmity of the Scribes and Pharisees.

II. The Claims. Vs. 17-30. There are those who have the effrontery to say that Christ never claimed to be the Son of God; but that this claim was made for Him by His over-zealous disciples. This chapter gives the lie to this Devil’s invention. The Deity of Christ is the keystone in the arch of Christianity. If this goes, there is nothing left.

1. He claimed to be doing the work of God; v. 17. Note (1) From the fall to the incarnation, the Father worked. (2) From the incarnation to the cross, the Son worked. (3) From Pentecost till now the Holy Spirit works. Note what the Jews understood by this; v. 18. Cp. John 10:30; Philippians 2:6.

2. He claimed to be the Son of God; vs. 19, 20. (1) Loved by the Father. (2) The Confidant of the Father; v. 20. (3) Yet, in His humiliation, voluntarily dependent upon the Father; v. 19.

3. He claimed Divine prerogatives; vs. 21-30.

        (1) To quicken; v. 21. Only Deity can give life. See John 1:4. Cp. John 11:25; 6:44, 40.

        (2) To be the Judge of all men; vs. 22, 27. John 12:47, 48; Revelation 20:11.

        (3) Equal honor with the Father for He is co-equal and co-eternal with the Father and the Spirit. V. 23.

        (4) To give life through His word; v. 24. Cp. John 3:16; 6:47, 48, 51.

        (5) To deliver from the judgment due to sin; v. 24. John 3:16, 18; Romans 8:1, etc.

        (6) To raise the dead; vs. 25, 28, 29.

        (7) To have life in Himself; v. 26. John 6:51; 10:17, 18.

4. He claimed a perfect life of obedience; v. 30. Cp. John 8:29, 46; 6:38, etc.

III. The Witnesses to This Claim. Vs. 31-39. Cp. Deuteronomy 19:15; 2 Corinthians 13:1.

1. John the Baptist; vs. 33-35. What he said; John 1:22-36.

2. His own works; v. 36. Cp. Luke 5:21-24; Matthew 11:2-6; John 4:50, etc., etc.

3. The Father; vs. 37, 38. Cp. Matthew 3:17; 17:5,

4. The word of God; v. 39. Cp. Hebrews 10:7; Luke 24:44; Genesis 3:15; Isaiah 7:14, etc., etc. He was the theme of the Scriptures. Note vs. 45-47.

IV. The Accusation. Vs. 40-47. What a fearful indictment. Is it true of you? Here the Accused becomes the Accuser.

1. They would not come unto Him; v. 40. Cp. John 7:17; Revelation 22:17. The will appealed to.

2. They had not the love of God in them; v. 42. The poverty of the sinner; mo peace, life, etc.

3. They received Him not; v. 43. Cp. John 1:11, 12; 12:47, 48.

4. They sought not God’s honor; v. 44. Cp. Isaiah 55:6.

5. They believed not on God’s Son; v. 47. The damning sin. Mark 16:16; John 3:18; 3:36, etc.

Lesson 186: The Syrophoenician Woman
Matthew 15:21-28
Golden Text: Romans 10:12

I. Her Position. V. 22. A Gentile and, as such, a stranger from the covenants of promise to Israel. Read Ephesians 2:11, 12 and cp. Romans 9:4, 5; 3:1, 2, etc., etc.

II. Her Need. V. 22. Twofold.

1. For herself—Mercy. (1) The need of mercy—all have sinned and sin must be punished. Romans 6:23; Ezekiel 18:4, etc. (2) The Supplier of mercy—the Lord. See Psalm 103. (a) Its quality—tender; v. 4. (b) Its measure—plenteous; v. 8. (c) Its magnitude—“great;” v. 11. (d) Its duration—“everlasting;” v. 17. Cp. Matthew 9:13; Luke 18:13.

2. For her daughter—healing. (1) Devil possessed and vexed. Cp. Ephesians 2:2, 3; 1 John 5:19; 2 Corinthians 4:4; 2 Timothy 2:26. (2) Helpless to save or cure herself. Cp. Titus 3:3-5; Ephesians 2:8, 9, etc.

III. Her Ignorance—v. 22—of the true way of blessing. She called Him “Son of David.” As such, He came only for Israel; v. 24. The ignorance of the sinner. Ephesians 4:18; 1 Peter 1:14; Acts 17:23; Romans 10:3; 1 Corinthians 14:38.

IV. The Lord’s Silence. V. 23. No doubt to test her faith and to show her true condition.

V. The Disciples’ Request; v. 23.

1. Their heartlessness. What a contrast to the compassionate Savior. See V. 32. Cp. Lamentations 3:22.

2. Their selfishness “crieth after us.”

VI. Her Persistence. Vs. 24-27.

1. The Savior’s reply. As Son of David. He came for lost of Israel and she was outside of Israel. Luther said, “This woman learned to wring a ‘yea’ from God’s ‘nay;’ or rather to hear the ‘yea’ which many times lurks under His seeming ‘nay’.”

2. Her attitude; v. 25. “Worshipped.”

3. Her cry; v. 25. “Lord, help me.”

4. The Savior’s response; v. 26. He put her in her true place—that of a Gentile dog whose place was outside.

5. She took her place and claimed the blessing; v. 27. Truth—Lord. She owned her position, stated her need, and pled her cause. Cp. Luke 14:11; Isaiah 57:15.

VII. Her Faith. V. 28.

1. Tried by His (1) Silence; v. 23. (2) Refusal; v. 24. (3) Rebuke; v. 24.

2. Commended by the Lord; v. 28. Christ did not say “Great is thy argument, patience and love,” although these were great; but he saw the source of all these things—faith—and commended it. Hebrews 11:6; Luke 1:45; John 3: 33; Galatians 3:6, 7; Ephesians 2:8; 1 John 5:4.

VIII. Her Reward. V. 28. The daughter cured. Faith is the key that unlocked the store of blessing which she needed so much and which He was so eager to give.

Lesson 187: The Cost Of Discipleship
Luke 14:25-35
Golden Text: Luke 14:27

I. The Historic Setting. V. 25. The multitudes that followed Him during His life gathered around Him for various motives. With some it was curiosity as Luke 19:3. Other came for gain John 6:26. Still others approached Him for political intrigue; John 6:15. Some came to praise Him; Matthew 21:8. Many came only
to add their mockery; Matthew 27:27-31. The same crowd of Matthew 21:8 surrounded Him in Matthew 27:22. Great crowds is no indication of true discipleship. The narrow road is not the popular road. Matthew 7:13, 14.

II. Definition of Discipleship. A disciple is a learner, believer, and follower of Christ. Cp. John 1:35-42; 10:27; 8:31; 15:8; 9:28, etc. A disciple, then, in its proper sense, is one who has come to Christ, learns of Christ, follows Christ and serves Christ.

III. Cost of Discipleship. Vs. 26-33. Christ did not minimize what was involved in discipleship. He did not seek to make it attractive to the flesh by painting a rosy picture, but told them frankly what the cost of following would entail.

1. Discipleship enjoined; vs. 26, 27.

        (1) As to his own family life; v. 26. “Hate” here means to “love less.” Cp. Matthew 10:37, 38; Philippians 3:7. Illus. Philippians 3:4-9. Cp. Mark 10:29-30.

        (2) As to his own life; vs. 26, 27. Self-denial. Cp. Mark 8:35; Matthew 10:24; 2 Timothy 3:12; Acts 14:22. Cp. Romans 9:3.

        (3) As to his own possession; v. 33. Cp. 2 Corinthians 8:1-7. Worldly possessions is often the acid test for true discipleship. Illust. of one who failed this test; Mark 10:21, 22. Illust. of one who succeeded; Philippians 3:7, 8.

2. Discipleship illustrated; vs. 28-32.

        (1) The unfinished tower; vs. 28-30. How many unfinished towers there are of those who made a profession of faith in Christ, but soon gave it up when they saw what it meant to live an out and out life for Christ!

        (2) The ambassage of peace; vs. 31, 32. Cp. Psalm 2:12. The believer can only face the enemy that approaches to oppose as he enjoys the assurance that obedience brings, and clothes himself with all the armor of God. See Ephesians 6:11-18; 1 Timothy 6:11, 12.

IV. The Reward of Discipleship.

1. Worldly loss. Luke 14:33; Hebrews 10:34; Galatians 6:14.

2. Present joy. Philippians 3:8; John 16:22, 24; 17:13; 15:11; Hebrews 12:2.

3. Eternal gain. Mark 10:30; John 14:1-3; 17:24. One moment in glory will amply compensate the believer for all the renunciations of earth. See 2 Corinthians 4:16-18.

Lesson 188: The Lost Sheep
Luke 15:l-7
Golden Text: Isaiah 53:6

I. The Setting of the Story. Vs. 1-3.

1. The Publicans and sinners; v. 1. (1) Drew near. Cp. Isaiah 46:12, 13; Matthew 11:28. (2) Heard His word. Romans 10:17; John 5:24; Mark 12:37.

2. The Pharisees and Scribes. (1) Self-righteous; Luke 18:11, 12. (2) Proud; Matthew 23:6, 7. (3) Despisers; Matthew 23:13. (4) Murmuring; v. 2. Which class represents you?

II. The Wandering Sheep. A graphic description of us all.

1. Straying. The most natural thing for a sheep to do is to stray. Cp. Isaiah 53:6; Psalms 58:3; 119:176; Romans 3:12; 2 Peter 2:15, etc.

2. Lost; v. 6. Cp. 2 Corinthians 4:3; Luke 19:10; Jeremiah 50: 6; Matthew 10:6.

3. In Danger of: (1) The lion—the devil. Cp. 1 Peter 5:8. (2) Wolves—false-teachers. Acts 20:29, 30; John 10:12. (3) The storm—God’s wrath. Cp. John 3:36; Romans 1:18; 2 Thessalonians 1:8, 9.

4. Helpless to save itself. Cp. Romans 5:6; 7:14.

5. Perishing. John 3:36; 1 Corinthians 1:18. Here is a test. Is the preaching of the cross to you, foolishness? Then you are included amongst those described as “perishing.”

III. The Seeking: Shepherd. V. 4.

1. He loved the sheep. It was love that brought Him down from the glory of heaven. Cp. John 3:16; Romans 5:7, 8; 1 John 3:16; 4:10; Matthew 9:36; 12:12.

2. He sought the sheep. (1) His purpose in leaving heaven. Luke 19:10; Ezekiel 34:11, 12. (2) The awful cost—Calvary’s deepest woe. Quote, “There were ninety and nine.” He endured the storm and defeated Satan; Hebrews 2:14. Cp. Isaiah 53:5; 1 Peter 2:24; John 10:11, 15; Psalm 88:3-18; Philippians 2:8; Hebrews 12:2. (3) The finished work. Attested to by resurrection; Hebrews 13:20.

3. He found the sheep. “Until—he found it.” Cp. Ezekiel 34:12, 16; 16:6-10. Ill: The dying thief found; Luke 23. Saul found; Acts 9, etc., etc. Have you been found?

4. He cared for the sheep. (1) On shoulders; v. 5. The place of strength and security. Cp. John 10:27-30. (2) Safe home; v. 6. Cp. John 14:1-3; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18. The safety of the sheep was inseparably linked with the strength of the Shepherd. He has never lost a sheep. John 17:12; 10:26-30.

IV. The Rejoicing. Vs. 6, 7. All heaven is interested in the salvation of souls. Note who rejoices when a sinner is saved.

1. The Father’s joy; Zephaniah 3:17.

2. The Son’s joy. Luke 15:6; Hebrews 12:1, 2.

3. The Spirit’s joy; Romans 14:17.

4. The sinner’s joy. 1 Thessalonians 1:6; Psalm 32:1; Romans 15:13.

5. The Christian’s joy. Every believer rejoices when he hears of the salvation of a sinner. Acts 11:23; 1 Thessalonians 2:20.

Lesson 189: The Lost Coin
Luke 15:8-10
Golden Text: Luke 15:10

This depicts another phase of the sinners’ state; i.e., he is without life—dead in trespasses and in sins, and therefore utterly helpless to save himself. Ephesians 2:1-3. In Luke 15 there is a fourfold picture of the sinner.

1. In the lost sheep he is seen as a senseless sinner.

2. In the lost coin he is viewed as an insensible sinner.

3. In the prodigal son he is described as a sensual sinner who fulfills the base passions of his fallen nature.

4. In the elder brother he is seen as the sanctimonious sinner, filled with the pride of his own fancied self-righteousness.

I. The Coin—Typical. The coin is typical of the sinner in many ways.

1. It was obtained from the earth. Cp. Genesis 2:7; 3:19; Psalm 139:15, 16. Picture the cost and trouble of obtaining ore from earth and compare the marvelous construction of man. The most complicated piece of machinery cannot begin to compare with man—God’s masterpiece.

2. It was of value—it could be exchanged for something else, so we. Cp. Mark 8:36. See some of the bad bargains of scripture. Essau’s; Hebrews 12:16. Judas’; Matthew 27:3, 4. The sinner’s; Isaiah 50:1; 52:3.

3. It had the image of the king on it. Cp. Genesis 1:27. Although man has fallen, yet traces of this image still remain, such as his spirit, soul, conscience, intelligence, will, etc.

II. The Coin—Fallen. V. 8.

1. Through the fault of another. So we all fell through Adam’s sin. Cp. Romans 5:12, 15, 17-19.

2. Lost in the house. Lost because (1) Dead; i.e., lifeless. Cp. Ephesians 2:1; 4:18; 1 John 5:12; John 3:36. (2) Hidden by dirt. Ephesians 2:2, 3; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; Romans 3:10-19. (3) In the darkness. John 3:19, 20; Acts 26:18; Romans 1:21; Ephesians 4:18; Colossians 1:18; 1 Peter 2:9.

III. The Coin—Sought. V. 8. Note the means used.

1. Light. The word of God. Cp. Psalm 119:105; Ephesians 5:13. What the light revealed—the dirt. Cp. Mark 7:21; Jeremiah 17:9; Hebrews 4:12.

2. The broom—the Spirit’s conviction; 1 Corinthians 2:10. Cp. Acts 2:36, 37; 9:5; 16:29; John 16:8.

3. The diligence. She searched until she found it. Doubtless lots of dust was raised during the process, but she didn’t mind the dust. There will always be plenty of the dust of criticism. Cp. Ezekiel 33:11; 1 Corinthians 9:19-22.

IV. The Coin Found. V. 9.

1. Found just where it lay, as a result of the light and broom. Cp. 2 Corinthians 4:6.

2. The rejoicing that followed. Cp. Acts 8:8; 15:3.

3. The application made; v. 10. What repentance means. Cp. Matthew 21:28-31. Cp. Acts 17:31; Luke 13:3; Acts 20:21.

Lesson 190: The Lost Son
Luke 15:11-32
Golden Text: Ezekiel 33:11

I. His Home. V. 11. Picture the home of a prosperous farmer of those days. The comfort, care, counsel, provision and protection of a kind father were all his. Illust. this by the goodness of God to His creatures and to man. Health, strength, food, clothing, etc., etc.

II. His Request. V. 12. Apparently no gratitude. Why the desire to leave? Perhaps bad companions and bad books, and an evil heart of unbelief. Cp. Romans 2:4, 5; Hebrews 3:12. Note the father grants request. Often God allows us our own way so that we learn by bitter experience the folly of sin.

III. His Departure. V. 13. He turned his back on a good home, father, care, provision, advice. Cp. Isaiah 53:6; 59:1, 2; Romans 3:12; Ezekiel 33:11; Isaiah 1:4; Jeremiah 7:23, 24. The far country is a picture of the world opposed to God’s will and ways. Cp. 1 John 2:15, 16; James 4:4; 1 John 5:19; 2 Corinthians 4:4.

IV. His Folly. V. 13. What he wasted—his money, his health, his strength, his character and his time on the Devil’s baubles. So with every unsaved person. Cp. Isaiah 55:2; Mark 8:36. All the world has is but lust and pride, yet millions waste all they have to get it. 1 John 2:16; Jeremiah 2:13.

V. His Destitution. V. 14. “Spent all.”

1. His bankruptcy. Cp. Luke 7:41-43.

2. The famine—the drought—the bubble had burst. All his so-called friends have disappeared with his money.

3. The need: no food, no friends, no clothes, no money. What a picture of the sinners’ need, poverty and ruin. Cp. Jeremiah 2:19.

VI. His Degradation. V. 15.

1. The citizen—a picture of the devil—the prince of this world. Friend at first; now employer.

2. The task—feed swine. Feeding the unclean, base lusts of the flesh. Note: No famine in husks! Galatians 6:7.

VII. His Deliberation. V. 17. “Came to himself.” Cp. “Consider.” Deuteronomy 4:39; Haggai 1:5, 7; Deuteronomy 32:29. (Ill.: Stop! Look! Listen! sign.)

VIII. His Resolution. Vs. 18, 19. The result of consideration.

IX. His Return. V. 20. He not only resolved but performed.

X. His Reception. Vs. 20-24. What he received:

1. The kiss of reconciliation. Cp. 2 Corinthians 5:19, 21; Ephesians 2:13; 1:6.

2. Doubtless a good bath which speaks of regeneration. Titus 3:5; John 13:10.

3. The best robe, which speaks of righteousness. Cp. Romans 3:22; 4:3-6; Isaiah 61:10.

4. The ring—eternal love, life, and link. John 10:27-30; Jeremiah 31:3.

5. The shoes—sonship. John 1:12; 1 John 3:1; Romans 8:15-17.

6. The feast—provision. Cp. Philippians 4:19; Matthew 6: 33, etc.

7. The joy. Cp. Luke 15:10; Romans 15:13; John 15:11.

XI. The Elder Brother. Vs. 25-32. Self-righteous and proud. Left outside the door of father’s house. Cp. Luke 13:24-30, etc. Cp. Romans 10:1-3.

Lesson 191: The Rich Man And Lazarus
Luke 16:19-31
Golden Text: Luke 16:13

This has been called a parable but Christ did not term it thus. In this incident Christ draws aside the veil between time and eternity and gives us a glimpse of what comes after death.

I. Life and Its Inequalities.

1. The rich man; v. 19. What he had. (1) Riches. Note the perils of riches, (a) Pride; 1 Timothy 6:17. (b) Worldly ease; Luke 16:19. (c) Neglect of God; Proverbs 30:8. (d) Selfishness; Luke 12:17. (e) Covetousness; Luke 12:15. (f) Lying; Acts 5:3. (g) Trusting in them; Mark 10:24. (h) Disregarding the gospel; Matthew 13: 22. (2) Power—“purple.” plenty of servants, etc. (3) Popularity—“plenty of friends,” well thought of, etc. (4) Pleasure—His life was one ceaseless whirl of gaiety. (5) No preparation for eternity—No thought of God, of his soul, of death, and of eternity.

2. Lazarus; vs. 20, 21. (1) His name means, “God my help.” (2) Poor—he was a beggar. (3) Despised—not allowed in the house. (4) Sick—full of sores. (5) Prepared for eternity and right with God. What a contrast between the two! Cp. 1 Samuel 16:7.

II. Death and Its Equalities. V. 22. They both died.

1. Death is a fact. Hebrews 9:27; Zechariah 1:5. Both scripture and experience testify to this. On an average about 78 persons die each minute.

2. Death is a power. “None can gainsay, bribe, or evade it; Hebrews 2:14. Sooner or later all must come under its power unless the Lord comes prior to that time.

3. Death is an equalizer. Ecclesiastes 5:15; Psalm 49:10. Both rich and poor alike die and both look alike in a shroud.

4. Death is the determinator of our eternal destiny. Revelation 22:11; Daniel 12:12.

III. Eternity and Its Distinctions.

1. The rich man’s awful discoveries. (1) That hell was a reality; Psalm 9:17. (2) That death is not soul sleep. The moment he died he was conscious of what was happening to him. (3) That death doesn’t end all. Death simply introduced his spirit into a different sphere. (4) That his faculties were present—sight,
feeling, conscience, memory. (5) That punishment is eternal; v. 26. Cp. Revelation 14:11; 20:10; Matthew 25:41-46; 2 Thessalonians 1:8, 9. (6) That there is no mercy in hell; v. 25. “Tormented.” (7) That there is only one way to escape it, v. 29. The word of God heard, believed and acted on.

2. Lazarus discovered he was in (1) A place of rest; v. 23. (2) A place of blessing—“Abraham’s bosom.” (3) A place of comfort; v. 25. What a contrast! The believer, at death, goes to be “with Christ, which is very far better.” Philippians 1:23. To be “absent from the body” is to be “present with the Lord.” 2 Corinthians 5:6-8. The great question each one must face is, “Where shall I be in eternity?”

Lesson 192: The Ten Lepers
Luke 17:11-19
Golden Texts Romans 12:1

I. Their Condition. Vs. 11, 12. Typical of the unsaved.

1. Unclean. Cp. Leviticus 13:45; Isaiah 64:6; Psalm 14:2, 3; Job 15:14-16; 9:30, 31; Isaiah 6:5. Though they were different racially, there was no difference between them physically. Romans 3.23

2. Afar off. Cp. Ephesians 2:13. Note “Afar off.” (1) By sin. Ephesians 2:13; Isaiah 59:2. (2) By wandering. Luke 15:13; Isaiah 53:6. (3) From grace; Luke 18:13. (4) For judgment; Revelation 18:10. (5) For eternity; Luke 16:23.

3. Without hope—No cure for their leprosy. Helpless to cleanse themselves—Doomed. Cp. John 3:18; 3:36, etc., etc.

II. Their Cry. V. 13.

1. Earnest. “Lifted up.” Cp. Jeremiah 29:13; Isaiah 55:6; Romans 10:13. They realized their fearful condition—Do you?

2. Humble—“Mercy.” They did not demand their “rights” but pled for mercy. Cp. Micah 7:18, 19; Psalms 103:8, 10, 11, 17; 51:1; Matthew 9:13; Titus 3:3-5, etc.

3. To the right Person—“Jesus.” Matthew 1:21; Acts 4:12; John 14:6; 1 Timothy 2:5; Hebrews 7:25, etc.

III. Their Cure. V. 14.

1. The word given, “Go.” Cp. Romans 10:6-9. Cp. “Come;” Matthew 11:28. “Look;” Isaiah 45:22. “Hear;” John 5:24. “Receive;” John 1:12, etc.

2. The word obeyed—the obedience of faith. Romans 16:26; 6:17; Hebrews 4:2. Note it was “as they went, they were cleansed.” They were cleansed in the act of obedience as they exercised simple faith in the spoken word of the Son of God.

IV. The Thankful One. Vs. 15-19. His gratitude was expressed in a four fold way.

1. In turning back from types and shadows of the law to the antitype Himself. While the others went to the priests, he went to Christ the Fountain-Head of all blessing. Cp. Matthew 8:4; Galatians 4:9; Hebrews 10:1-14.

2. In praise; v. 16. Cp. Psalms 50:23, 14, 15; 100:4; 107:1, 2; 147:7-12; Ephesians 5:20; Philippians 4:6; Colossians 1:12; 1 Thessalonians 5:18; Hebrews 13:15.

3. In humility—“At His feet.” Cp. Luke 7:38; 8:35; 10:39; Ephesians 4:1, 2.

4. In worship—“On his face.” John 4:23, 24; Hebrews 10:19-22.

5. All this glorified God; v. 15.

V. The Application. Vs. 17-19. Where are the nine? Are you amongst the nine or the one? The effect of salvation should be manifested in—

1. Praise to God. Psalm 40:2, 3; Hebrews 13:15.

2. Confession to our fellow men. Romans 10:9, 10; Mark 5:19.

3. Whole-hearted devotion to the Lord Jesus. Galatians 2:20; 6:14; Philippians 1:20, 21.

4. Whole souled service for Him. Romans 12:1, 2; 2 Corinthians 5:14, 15.

Lesson 193: The Pharisee And The Publican
Luke 18:9-14
Golden Text: Romans 5:8

I. Two Men. V. 10.

1. The Pharisee. What the Pharisees were. (1) Proud; Matthew 23:5-12. (2) Self righteous. Luke 18:9; 16:5. (3) Religious outwardly. Matthew 23: 14, 23, 28; 9:14. (4) Self sufficient; Luke 18:11. 12. (5) Ostentatious. Matthew 23:5; 6:5; Luke 21:2. (6) Hypocritical. Matthew 23:15, 25-28. (7) Despisers of others; Luke 18:9. What a picture of the present day religious professor who has never been regenerated!

2. The publican. What he was: (1) A tax-gather; Luke 5:27. Very often used his power to defraud; Luke 3:12, 13. (2) Scorned by Pharisees; Luke 15:1, 2. (3) Despised by the public; Matthew 11:18, 19. (4) A sinner who knew his need, hence came to hear Christ.

II. Two Prayers. Vs. 11-13.

1. The Pharisees; vs. 11, 12. (1) Where he prayed “with himself.” He had an audience of one! (2) How he prayed—“he stood” full of pride, self-importance and self-righteousness. (3) What he prayed about—himself. Self-congratulation, self-complacancy. self-sufficiency. “I,” five times. His religion began and ended in himself. Note the Devil’s five “I’s.” Isaiah 14:12-14. Also Paul’s five “I’s,” but they were all crucified with Christ. Galatians 2:20. This is the only place for the “I.” The cross is a capital “I” crossed out!

2. The Publican’s; v. 13. (1) His position, “afar off,” an acknowledgement of his state before God. Ephesians 2:13; Isaiah 59:1, 2; 53:6, etc. (2) His attitude: (a) Humility—eyes to earth. His sense of sin humbled him before God as well it might. Ill.: Daniel 9:7-9; Isaiah 6:5; Luke 5:8; Job 33:27, 28. (b) Repentance—“beat upon breast”—the seat of iniquity. Jeremiah 17: 9; Mark 7:21; Luke 13:3; Acts 17:31. (3) His cry; v. 13. Literally, “Be unto me as when Thou lookest on the atoning blood.” Doubtless he saw the evening sacrifice being offered, and realized that the lamb was bearing his sins, dying In his stead and accepted by God on his behalf. This is the very heart of the Gospel, the substitutionary work of Christ. One trusted in his own fancied self goodness, the other in the God-provided sacrifice. Herein lies the difference between a mere religionist and a truly regenerated person. Cp. Romans 3:25, 26; 1 John 2:2.

III. Two Results. V. 14.

1. The Pharisee—He walked out as he had walked in—self-righteous. Romans 10:3.

2. The Publican—Justified. Cp. Romans 5:1; Acts 13:38, 39; Romans 3:24. Made acceptable to God through faith in the offering. Hebrews 10: 14; 9:14, etc.

Lesson 194: Bartimaeus
Mark 10:45-52
Golden Text: Mark 10:52

I. His State. V. 46.

1. Blind; v. 46. Blind to beauties of nature, etc. What a picture of the sinner blind to beauties of Christ, salvation, new birth, peace with God, etc. Cp. 2 Corinthians 4:4; Ephesians 4:18; 5:8; Acts 26:18; John 3:3. “Cannot see.” John 3: 19, 20; 2 Peter 1:9.

2. Poor—“begging.” The poverty of the sinner and his dependence upon God’s bounty for food, clothing, health, strength, soundness of mind, etc. Romans 5:6-8; Ephesians 2:11-12; Matthew 5:45; Acts 14:17; James 1:17.

II. His Opportunity. V. 47.

1. This was Christ’s last visit to Jericho and was Bartimaeus’ last chance. Every man hears the gospel for the last time. This may be God’s farewell address to you! Proverbs 27: 1; 29:1; Luke 13:24, 25.

2. He heard of Christ. V. 47. What had he heard? Doubtless of Christ’s power to heal and to forgive. Perhaps he had met some who had been wonderfully healed from blindness. Cp. Romans 10:17. Have you heard? Cp. John 12:47, 48; 5:24; Mark 4:24, 25.

III. His Cry. Vs. 47, 48.

1. Its earnestness—“cried … more.” Cp. Isaiah 55:6; Proverbs 2:3-5. No opposition could silence him for he knew his need better than anyone else.

2. Its subject—“mercy.” Cp. Luke 18:13; Matthew 9:13; Psalm 130:7. He did not demand to be cured; but he cast himself on the Merciful One.

3. Its individuality, “me.” Salvation is a personal thing. Ill.: Acts 16:30; Luke 18:13, etc.

IV. His Privileges. Vs. 49-51.

1. He was called; v. 49. Cp. Matthew 11:28; Isaiah 55:1; 45:22; John 7:37; Revelation 22:17; Acts 17:31. “Whosoever;” John 3:16. God calls now through the preaching of the gospel.

2. He cast away his garments. Cp. Isaiah 64:6. Rid himself of all encumbrances. Some of our garments that would prove good riddance to bad rubbish are pride, religiousness, and self-righteousness, etc.

3. He came to Jesus; v. 50. The only One Who could meet his need.

4. He was questioned by Jesus; v. 51. “What wilt thou?” Apply individually. What is the supreme desire of your heart? Now cp. Psalm 37:4.

V. His Cure. V. 52.

1. Received sight; v. 52. Immediately. Cp. 2 Corinthians 4:6; 1 Peter 2:9. Who was the first person he saw when his eyes were opened? The Son of God, and it was a case of love at first sight!

2. Followed Christ; v. 52. Cp. John 10:27; 12:26; Matthew 16:24.

3. Glorified God. Luke 18:43; Psalm 50:23.

4. Caused praise to God; Luke 18:43. Cp. Psalm 40:3; Romans 1:8.

Lesson 195: Zacchaeus
Luke 19:1-10
Golden Texts Luke 19:10

I. His Opportunity. V. 1. The last visit of Christ to Jericho. He was on His way to Calvary. It was Zacchaeus’ last chance to see, hear and meet the Saviour. Perhaps this is your last chance to be saved. Proverbs 27:1; 29:1; 2 Corinthians 6:1; Hebrews 3:7, 8.

II. His Desire. Vs. 2, 3.

1. What he was: (1) Chief of the Publicans. Hated and despised by all. (2) Rich in this world’s goods but poor towards God. Riches does not bring joy, peace and satisfaction. Cp. Ecclesiastes 1:2, 14; 2:8-11. (3) A sinner; v. 7. Romans 3:23, etc.

2. What he wanted—To see Jesus. Perhaps he had heard of Matthew’s call; who was a fellow tax gatherer. Matthew 10:3; Luke 5:27. Perhaps of Christ’s wondrous words and works. Perhaps there was soul thirst and a desire for forgiveness, salvation and peace with God. Have you sought to see Jesus? Cp. John 12:21; 1:38, 39.

III. His Obstacles. V. 3. Wherever there is a genuine desire to be saved, the Devil will see to it that there is plenty of opposition.

1. Little of stature; v. 3. Physical disability.

2. The crowd. How often the “crowd” keeps the sinner from seeing Jesus! Fear of man; Proverbs 29:25. Fear of laughter, ridicule, persecution, loss of popularity and esteem keep many from Christ. What keeps you?

IV. His Plan. V. 4. Showed his earnestness. Cp. Jeremiah 29:13. He thought he was hidden in the tree, but, Cp. Hebrews 4:13; Psalm 139:1-10.

V. His Invitation. V. 5. The seeking sinner and the seeking Savior soon meet. What the Savior did:

1. Came to where he was. Cp. Luke 10:33; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Luke 19:10; 14:4, etc.

2. Saw him in all his sin and need, and knew about him. Amos 5:12; John 2:25.

3. Called to him—“Come down.” Salvation is a “come-down.” Many up the tree of self-righteousness, pride, morality, respectability, religiousness, etc. Luke 14:11; Matthew 18:3, 4.

4. Promised to abide with him; v. 5. What the presence of the Saviour means; Revelation 3:20.

VI. His Response. V. 6.

1. Quick; v. 6. “Haste.” He was in a hurry to see Jesus and to obey Him—are you? Proverbs 27:1; 2 Corinthians 6:1, 2; Hebrews 3:7, 8.

2. Joyful; v. 6. Think of Who he came to meet— the Saviour—Forgiver—Peacemaker—Creator Redeemer. Who wouldn’t be joyful!

VII. His Testimony. V. 8. Proof of his true conversion. Money is often the acid test! Zacchaeus made a right about turn. Here is true conversion. Cp. 1 Thessalonians 1:9, 10; 2:13; 2 Corinthians 5:17; 1 Peter 2:9.

VIII. The Savior’s Declaration. Vs. 9, 10. The assurance of salvation; v. 9. “This day has salvation come.” Why? Because the Savior came. Cp. 1 John 5:9-13; 10:27-30, etc.

Lesson 196: Raising Of Lazarus
John 11:1-46
Golden Text: John 11:25

I. The Message. Vs. 1-16.

1. The place—Bethany. One of the homes that the Lord Jesus loved to be in. Is He in your home? Your heart? Your life? Revelation 3:20.

2. The message; v. 3. “He whom Thou lovest.” Cp. 1 John 4:10. 19; John 17:23; 1 John 3:1. Therefore, Philippians 4:6-8.

3. The effect of it; vs. 4-16. Sickness and death can be to the glory of God if it be in the will of the Lord.

        (1) For God’s glory; v. 4. Cp. Romans 8:28; 1 Peter 4:11, 16.

        (2) For His own glory; v. 4. John 12:28; 13: 31; 17:5; 14:13.

        (3) Yet He lingered; v. 6. Apparent indifference but all for glory of God; v. 15. Cp. John 13:7.

II. The Death of Lazarus. Vs. 11-17.

1. Cause; Genesis 2:17. Cp. Genesis 3:7, 8. Sin. Romans 5:12, 15; 6:23. Cp. Ephesians 2:1; Colossians 2:13; 1 Timothy 5:6. The natural condition of all men. Various stages in decomposition as seen in Jarius’ daughter; widow’s son; Lazarus; but no difference in the fact of all dead.

2. Effect of spiritual death. (1) No communion with God. (2) No obedience to God. (3) No hope in God.

III. The Sorrow. Vs. 19-31.

1. Their only brother—possibly the wage-earner.

2. Their reproach; vs. 21, 32. “Blind unbelief is sure to err.” Cp. 1 Corinthians 13:12; Job 33:13.

IV. The Sympathetic Savior. Vs. 33, 35. Though verse 35 is the shortest verse in the Bible, it is full of precious truth. The Eternal Son of God has wept through human eyes. He knows all the sorrows, trials and perplexities of life and can sympathize with all His own. Cp. Hebrews 4:15. 16; 2:16-18; Isaiah 53:3; Hebrews
12:2, 3; Isaiah 63:9; Exodus 3:7, etc.

V. The Promise. Vs. 25, 26, 40. The two-fold result of His coming:

1. The dead raised; v. 25. John 5:25.

2. The living changed; v. 26. 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18.

3. Note v. 40. A reversal of human judgment. The world’s axiom is “Seeing is believing.” God reverses it and says “Believing is seeing.” See John 20:25, 29.

VI. The Quickening Word. Vs. 43, 44. It has been suggested that had not Christ said, “Lazarus come forth,” all the dead would have come forth from their graves. Cp. Luke 8:54, 55; 7:14, 15; John 5:25; Isaiah 55:3; John 5:24; Ephesians 2:5, 6; Romans 6:4. Have you heard? Believed?

VII. The Result. V. 45.

1. Life; v. 45. Cp. Ephesians 2:1; Colossians 2:13; 2 Timothy 1:10.

2. Liberty; v. 45. “Loose him.” The grave clothes of legalism, tradition, prejudice, etc., must be removed for “He whom the Son makes free is free indeed.” John 8:36. Galatians 5:1; Colossians 2:16, 17, etc.

3. Testimony; v. 46. The new life is the best evidence of Christ’s power to save. See 1 Thessalonians 1:3, 9, 10; Ephesians 2:1, 10.

Lesson 197: Anointing By Mary
John 12:1-11; Matthew 26:6-16
Golden Text: 2 Thessalonians 1:12

I. The Home. V. 1. What memories cluster around Bethany. It was the place of:

1. Death and resurrection; John 11.

2. Service and instruction; Luke 10:38.

3. Worship and communion; John 12.

4. Blessing and ascension; Luke 24. Note also the various homes Christ entered and for what purpose: (1) Luke 7:36-50, as Forgiver. (2) Luke 19:5-10, as Savior. (3) Mark 1:30, 31, as Physician. (4) Luke 8:49-56, as Comforter. (5) John 2:1-11, as Provider. (6) Luke 22:7-12, as Master. (7) Luke 10:38-42, as Friend. (8) Luke 24:29-32, as Revealer. (9) John 20:26-29, as Restorer. Is He in your home in any of these ways? Revelation 3:20. Let Him in!

II. The Feast. V. 2.

1. The purpose, “For Him.” Here is a lovely picture of the Lord’s Supper at which believers only gather in His name to remember and adore Him. Cp. Luke 22:19, 20; 1 Corinthians 11:23-26. It was that He might be pre-eminent, and remembered. They had every reason to remember and love Him.

2. The guests—“With Him.” What company! Matthew 18:20. At home in His presence.

III. The Anointing. V. 3. Cp. Matthew 26:7. What she did:

1. She loved the Lord Jesus. Do you? 1 Corinthians 16:22; 1 John 5:19.

2. She brought her most precious possession to Him. Love is ever measured by sacrifice. God loved and gave His best. Christ loved and gave His life. How much do we love Him?

3. Brought her glory to His feet. “Wiped feet with hair;” 1 Corinthians 11:15.

4. Filled the house with fragrance. A beautiful illustration of worship which results from heart occupation with Christ.

5. Understood His words. Matthew 26:12; John 12:7. Do you? The reason; Luke 10:39. Cp. Matthew 11:29. She had learned of Him.

IV. The Murmuring: Matthew 26:8. The carnal mind cannot appreciate the value of worship.

1. Pharaoh, who is a picture of the world, says: “Ye be idle;” Exodus 5:17.

2. Carnal Christians say, “Wherefore is this waste?” Matthew 26:8.

3. Legalists speak of it as “heresy;” Acts 24:14. Is anything too precious to give Him?

V. The Commendation. Vs. 7-9. Matthew 26:10-13.

1. She did what she could. The highest commendation ever given; Mark 14:8.

2. Perpetuation of its history commanded; Matthew 26:13. This is the value He set upon worship; John 4:23, 24, etc.

Lesson 198: Christ’s Entry Into Jerusalem
Luke 19:28-48
Golden Text: Luke 19:38

I. The Preparation. Vs. 29-35. The ass in Scripture is a beautiful illustration of salvation by grace. Note:

1. The ass by nature—(1) Its home—the wilderness; Job 39:5. (2) Its dwelling—barren lands; Job 39:5. (3) Its attitude (a) scornful; v. 7a. (b) heedless; v. 7b. (c) restless; v. 8a. (d) searching; v. 8b. Cp. Job 11:12; Genesis 16:12; Proverbs 26:3; Romans 8:7.

2. The ass under the curse. Exodus 13:3; Ephesians 2:3. (1) Unclean; Leviticus 11:3, 4. Cp. Isaiah 64:6, etc. (2) Condemned. Exodus 13:13; John 3:18, 36; Romans 3:19; 6:23, etc.

3. Redeemed. Exodus 13:3; 1 Peter 1:18. By the blood of the Lamb. Galatians 3:13; John 1:29; Mark 10:45; 1 Timothy 2:5, 6.

4. Loosed. Mark 11:1-11; Luke 19:29-35. Note: (1) Where it was. (a) Tied; Luke 19:30. A true description of all. (b) Outside; Mark 11:4. Cp. Ephesians 2:13, etc. (e) “Where two ways met;” Mark 11:4. The crossroads—one led to Christ, the other to oblivion. Cp. Deuteronomy 30:19, etc. (2) What was done to the colt, (a) Loosed—made free. John 8:32, 36; Romans 6:18; Galatians 5:1. (b) Brought to Jesus. Cp. Romans 12:1; 6:13; Matthew 11:28. (c) Used by Jesus. The Lord hath need of him. Not that He cannot do without us, but He is pleased to use us. He can use our faith to please Him. Hebrews 11:6. Our love to minister to Him; John 12:3. Our service to work through us; Ephesians 3:7. Our heart to live in us; Galatians 2:20. Our house to be received in it; Luke 10:38. Our possessions that He may use them. John 12:14; Luke 5:3, etc. Cp. 2 Corinthians 5:15, 20; Mark 16:15; Acts 1:8.

II. The Entry. Vs. 36-38.

1. The disciples. Obedient and rejoicing. Luke 19:34-37.

2. The multitude; Matthew 21:8, 9. Paying homage, but this same crowd a little later demanded His death! Matthew 27:20-24.

3. The Pharisees; Luke 19:39. Self-righteous, envious, and murmuring.

4. The rebuke; v. 40. Cp. Matthew 21:16.

III. The Prophecy. Vs. 41-44.

1. The weeping Savior; v. 41. Cp. Matthew 23:37; Isaiah 53:3. Would that they had wept!

2. The doomed city; vs. 42-44. Fulfilled in A. D. 70 under Titus.

3. The cause; v. 44. “They knew not.” How sad! Their ignorance. Cp. Mark 9:32; Acts 13:27; Romans 10:3; 2:3; 2 Peter 3:5.

IV. The Cleansing:. Vs. 45-48. The great eviction. When Christ comes in sin must go out. See Colossians 3:8-17. Note the attitude of chief priests, v. 47; and of people, v. 48. Cp. Acts 17:32-34.
What is your attitude? Are we willing to allow Him to turn our “den of thieves” (Jeremiah 17:9; Mark 7:21) into a temple of praise? (1 Corinthians 6:19, 20).

Lesson 199: The Visit Of The Greeks
John 12:20-36
Golden Text: John 12:24

I. The Historic Setting. V. 1.

1. The period. The passover. The last one that Israel should ever rightly celebrate, for He was the Lamb that fulfilled all the types and offerings of the Old Testament scriptures. See 1 Corinthians 5:7. Cp. The type with the antitype.

2. The occasion. After Christ’s triumphant entry into Jerusalem.

3. The place. Jerusalem, the city of the great King.

II. The Seekers. Vs. 20, 21.

1. Greeks or Gentiles. Ephesians 2:11, 12; Romans 3: 9; 10:12. As such they were outside the commonwealth of Israel, but not outside the sphere of God’s super-abounding grace.

2. Their request; v. 21. Is it yours? The Bible given for this purpose. Hebrews 10:7; John 5:39; Luke 24:27. Would you see Jesus? Then see (1)His Incarnation; Luke 2:15. (2) His spotless life; John 1:36. (3) His sufferings; Hebrews 2:9. (4) His resurrection; Matthew 28:7. (5) His ascension; Acts 1:9, 10. (6) His exaltation; Hebrews 2:9; 12:2. (7) His coming again; Revelation 1:7. Here are the greatest sights possible to humanity. God will open your eyes to see them if you really desire it.

III. The Servants. Vs. 21, 22.

1. Received the message; v. 21.

2. Brought it to Jesus, v. 22. Note what Andrew did. (1) He brought his own brother to Christ; John 1:40, 41. He began in the right place. Cp. Luke 8:29; Romans 10:9, 10. (.2) He brought a lad to Jesus; John 6:8, 9. (3) He brought certain Greeks; John 12. Are you a bringer?

IV. The Savior. Vs. 23-33.

1. Stated the necessity for His substitutionary death; v. 24. He illustrated, by the simplest natural law, the most profound spiritual truth. Our life is based on His death. Mark 10:45; John 3:15. “Must.”

2. The application of this principle to His disciples; vs. 25, 26. Cp. Matthew 10:37-39; 1 John 3:16; 2 Corinthians 5:14, 15. Only as the believer dies to sin and self shall he really live, in the true sense of that term, unto God. Romans 6:1-23; 1 Peter 2:24; 2 Corinthians 5:14, 15.

3. The Father’s testimony; vs. 27-30. (1) The cross foreshadowed; v. 27. “The hour.” An eternal past had looked toward this hour. (2) The words from Heaven. Cp. Matthew 3:17; 17:5. (3) The misconception; v. 29. They had no ears for the voice of God and mistook it for thunder. Cp. 1 Corinthians 2:14.

4. The Son’s declaration; vs. 31-33. His own prophecy as to the manner and purpose and result of His death. Think of the mighty multitude who have been drawn to Him!

Lesson 200: The Parable Of The Vineyard
Matthew 21:28-46
Golden Text: Matthew 21:44

I. The Two Sons. Vs. 28-31. An illustration of what repentance is. Not sorrow for sin merely, or tears, but a change of mind resulting in a changed attitude towards God.

1. The command—v. 28—“Go and work !”

2. The refusal; v. 29. Rebellion. Cp. Romans 8:5-8.

3. The repentance; v. 29. A changed mind, attitude, and employment.

4. The application; vs. 31, 32. Repentance an absolute necessity. (1) Its need, (a) Because of sin. Romans 3:10-19, 23; Acts 8:22. (b) Because commanded. Mark 1:15; Acts 17:30; 20:21; Luke 13:3. (2) Its nature—a change of (a) Mind about yourself—instead of self-complacency now self-abhorrence, (b) Attitude. Toward God—instead of turned from God; Isaiah 53:6, etc.; turn to God. Acts 26:20; 1 Thessalonians 1:9, 10. (c) Leads to faith in Christ; Acts 20:21; Matthew 9:13. (3) Means used: (a) Goodness of God; Romans 2:4. (b) Preaching of Gospel. Acts 20:21; 26:20; 17:30, 31, etc.

II. The Householders. V. 33. God’s goodness to men. Note: This parable, though primarily applicable to Israel, can in principle be applied to all men. God’s goodness seen in

1. His creation. All perfectly ordered for man’s benefit.

2. His provision. Harvest, food, clothing, health, strength, soundness of mind, faculties, etc.

III. The Vineyard. V. 33.

1. Israel. Cp. Isaiah 5:1; Psalm 80:8-11; Jeremiah 2:21.

2. World; v. 43. In one sense all men should bring fruit to God; Genesis 1:28.

3. The purpose—fruit. Matthew 3:8; 7:16; Philippians 1:11; 2 Timothy 2:6.

IV. The Husbandmen.V. 33.

1. Israel; Isaiah 5:7.

2. Men; Romans 10:18.Man’s responsibility to God. Romans 14:12; Matthew 12:36.

V. The Harvest; v. 34. The time of fruit. Everyone is producing fruit.

1. Of sin. Cp. Romans 6:21. The black, blasted fruit of sin. Jude 12; Matthew 12:33.

2. Of salvation. Romans 6:22; Galatians 5:22; Hebrews 13:15; John 15:5; Romans 7:4; Colossians 1:6.

VI. The Rebellion. Vs. 35-39. Culminating in murder of God’s Son. Cp. Romans 8:5-8; Acts 4:25-27; 23, etc.

VII. The Application. Vs. 41-46.

1. To Israel as a nation; vs. 41-43. Cp. Romans, chapter 11.

2. To each one as an individual; v. 44. Cp. John 3:36; 3:18; Mark 16:16; Romans 10:9, 10, etc.

Lesson 201: The Wedding Garment
Matthew 22:1-14
Golden Text: Philippians 3:9

I. The Feast Provided. Vs. 1-4.

1. The feast was in honor of the King’s Son; v. 2. Cp. Philippians 2:9-11; Revelation 19:7-9. What the King’s Son has done. 2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 Corinthians 15:3, 4; 1 Peter 3:18, etc.

2. The feast was all provided by the King; v. 4. Even to the wedding garment for each guest. This is grace. Cp. Titus 2:11; 3:5; Ephesians 2:8, 9. Man helpless to provide anything himself. Romans 3:20; 5:6; 8:32; 11:6; Galatians 2:16, etc.

II. The Invitation. V. 4.

1. Through His servants. Cp. 2 Corinthians 5:20; 4:5; Philippians 1:1; Romans 6:22; 1 Peter 2:16.

2. Its content, “Come.” (1) To a work done; v. 4. Cp. John 19:30; Romans 6:10; John 17:4. (2) To a feast prepared; v. 4; “Ready.” Cp. Revelation 22:17. (3) To honor the Son. Cp. Matthew 3:17; John 5:23, etc.

III. The Rejection. Vs. 5, 6. “Made light;” same word as “neglect” in Hebrews 2:3.

1. Some neglected; v. 5. Cp. Acts 17:32; 24:25; 26:28.

2. Some rejected; v. 6. Cp. Acts 17:32; John 12:47, 48.

3. Some despised and ill-treated the servants. Ill.: Acts 4:17, 21; John 5:40, 41; 7:54-60; 1 Thessalonians 4-8 etc.

IV. The Condemnation. V. 7. Cp. Mark 16:16; 2 Thessalonians 1:8, 9; John 3:36; Job 36:18; Revelation 6:16, 17.

V. The Proclamation. Vs. 8-10. The universal invitation to all “whosoever.”

1. God loves all; John 3:16.

2. Christ died for all; 2 Corinthians 5:15.

3. That all might be saved. John 3:17; 1 Timothy 2:4.

4. Salvation offered to all; Acts 13:38. Have you accepted?

VI. The Question. Vs. 11, 12.

1. The man. He thought his own robe was good enough. Cp. Romans 10:3; Isaiah 64:6. In spite of King’s provision. 2 Corinthians 5:21; Romans 3:20-22; 1 Corinthians 1:30; Galatians 2:16; Philippians 3:9.

2. The question: v. 12. Cp. Hebrews 2:3; Jeremiah 13:21; Hosea 9:5; Matthew 27:22.

3. The answer—speechless. No excuses in day of judgment; 1 Thessalonians 5:3. All the glib excuses and objections to God’s salvation that come so readily to the lips of the Christ rejecter, shall die unuttered as he stands before the searching eyes of the Judge of all the earth in that day. Revelation 20:11-15.

VII. The Sentence. V. 13. Have you on the garment? Cp. Isaiah 61:10. Can you say this? This garment

1. Has been provided. Romans 3:22; 2 Corinthians 5:21.

2. Is being offered; Romans 4:24, 25.

3. Is placed upon every believer the moment he trusts in Christ; Romans 4:5.

Lesson 202: The Ten Virgins
Matthew 25:1-13
Golden Text: Matthew 25:13

I. The Circumstances. The Lord Jesus wished to impress His audience with at least five facts in connection with His second coming:

1. The certainty of His coming; John 14:1-3.

2. The uncertainty of the time He would come; Matthew 24:36, 43.

3. The necessity for preparedness; Matthew 24:44; 25:13. “Ready.”

4. The blessedness of the prepared; Matthew 25:10.

5. The wretchedness of the unprepared. Matthew 24:51; Luke 13:24-28. These five facts are all indicated in this parable.

II. The Ten Virgins. Vs. 1-4. Represent professing Christians.

1. Their similarity. (1) They were all called virgins, as today many call themselves Christians. (2) They looked alike. So today moral, clean, sincere, church-going, yet not saved. (3) All carried a lamp; i.e., all had a profession or testimony. (4) All on same errand—“meet bridegroom.” So today S. S. class, preach, charity work, yet unsaved.

2. Their dissimilarity. (1) Five wise, five foolish—only two classes saved, lost, etc. (2) Difference was inward. The vessel is the body. 2 Corinthians 4:7. Oil = Holy Spirit. Five were indwelt. Cp. John 3:3, 5; 1 Corinthians 3:16; 6:19, etc. (3) How this oil is obtained. By the new birth. Ephesians 1:13; Romans 8:9; 1 Corinthians 12:13, etc.

III. The Slumbering Guests. V. 5. All alike slept.

1. The cause of Christian’s sleep: Lack of (1) study of the word; (2) Prayer; (3) witnessing; (4) self-denial, etc.

2. The effect of this sleep: Loss of (1) communion; (2) joy; (3) usefulness.

3. The command to such. Ephesians 5:14; Romans 13:11, 32; 1 Peter 1:23; Ephesians 2:8.

IV. The Midnight Cry. V. 6.

1. The time—midnight. The hour of darkness. Cp. 2 Timothy 3:1-5; 1 Timothy 4:1-3; Luke 22:53.

2. The manner: Unexpected, Sudden. Matthew 24:44; 1 Corinthians 15:52.

3. The cry: “Behold,” etc.

4. The message: “Go ye.”

V. The Prepared Virgins. Vs. 7-10.

1. Arose. Ephesians 5:14; Romans 13:11.

2. Trimmed lamps; Revelation 3:3.

3. They were ready—Preparation. Ill.: 1 Thessalonians 1:9, 10. Are you ready?

4. They went in—Salvation. Hebrews 9:28; Romans 13:11.

5. With Him—Fellowship. John 14:1-3; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18.

6. Marriage—Blessedness; Revelation 19:6-9.

7. Door shut—Division; Revelation 21:27.

VI. The Foolish Virgins. Vs. 8, 10-12.

1. Unprepared. Are you? Amos 4:12.

2. The shut door. Revelation 3:7; Luke 13:24-28 (Ill. Gen. 7:16).

3. The awful cry; v. 11. Cp. Luke 16:24-26.

4. The sad answer: v. 12. John 10:27.

5. The pointed application; v. 13. 2 Peter 3:8-14.

Lesson 203: The Talents
Matthew 25:14-30
Golden Text: 1 John 2:28

Note: In the parable of the ten Virgins the test of reality lay in the unseen—the oil in the lamp. Here it lies in the seen—active, devoted, loyal service. Both profession and possession are viewed.

I. The Commission. Vs. 14, 15. This teaches:

1. The Lord has servants. All true Christians are Christ’s servants. Philippians 1:1; Ephesians 6:6; Colossians 3:24, etc.

2. These servants all have ability for service. 2 Timothy 4:14; Romans 12:6; 1 Corinthians 12:4.

3. To such He gives gifts, according to their ability. 1 Corinthians 7:7; Ephesians 4:8; Mark 13:34.

4. Their work is to administer the gift given. 1 Peter 4:10; 1 Corinthians 9:1; Galatians 6:4.

II. The Departure. V. 15. Cp. Luke 19:12, 13. “Till I come;” John 14:1-3. The servants’ attitude: “Till He come,” should be:

1. Remembrance; 1 Corinthians 11:26.

2. Steadfastness; Revelation 2:25.

3. Service; Luke 19:13.

III. The Service. Vs. 16-18.

1. On the part of two: busy in the Master’s service. Cp. 1 Corinthians 9:20-23; 15:58; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 6:3-10; 4:5.

2. One the part of mere professor—nothing. Activity is an indication and proof of life.

IV. The Return. V. 19.

1. The time of it uncertain. Cp. Matthew 24:44; 25:13.

2. The suddeness of it: “Moment,” etc.; 1 Corinthians 15:52, etc.

3. The certainty of it. John 14:1-3; 1 Thessalonians 4:15.

V. The Result. Vs. 20-30.

1. Reward; vs. 20-23. To the good and faithful servant. Cp. 1 Corinthians 3:11-14. Cp. (1) The soul winner’s reward. Philippians 4:1; 1 Thessalonians 2:19. (2) The warrior’s; 2 Timothy 4:6-8. (3) The runner’s; 1 Corinthians 9:24-27. (4) The shepherd’s; 1 Peter 5:24. (5) The endurer’s. Revelation 2:10; James 1:12.

2. Judgment upon the mere professor; vs. 24-30. (1) His accusation; vs. 24, 25. (2) His answer; vs. 26-29. God, in a sense, has given abilities to all men (a) To hear the word— have you heard? Mark 16:15; Romans 10:17. (b) To believe on His Son—have you believed? John 3:17; Acts 16:31, etc. (c) To confess Him as Lord of the life; Romans 10:9, 10. (3) His sentence; v. 30. How sad an ending to a professor. Cp. James 1:22; 2:14-26. Emphasize this.

Lesson 204: Washing Of The Disciples’ Feet
John 13:1-17
Golden Text: Philippians 2:8

I. The Occasion. Vs. 1, 2.

1. The night of His betrayal; the cross and all its fearful sufferings just before Him.

2. The hour of His sacrifice at hand. Cp. John 7:30; 2:4; 12:23, 27; 17:1. The hour to which all the prophets pointed, “the consummation of the age;” Hebrews 9:26. The most fateful hour of all eternity, towards which an eternal past looked forward, and to which an eternal future shall look backward.

3. The feast of the Passover of which He was the antitype; v. 1.

4. The traitor in the midst; v. 2. What were his thoughts as he faced the One he was to betray so treacherously?

5. His ceaseless love for His own; v. 1. Cp. John 17:12; 15:9; Revelation 1:5 (R. V.).

II. His Matchless Humility. Vs. 3-5. Who He was; v. 3. His eternal Deity, His absolute authority. Cp. John 8:42; 16:28, etc. Colossians 1:16, 17.

        What He did; vs. 4, 5. (1) Took the place of a slave; v. 4. Cp. Philippians 2:6-8; Mark 10:45; John 4:34. (2) Washed His disciples’ feet; v. 5. What wondrous humility! What Divine condescension! What infinite grace! Cp. Hebrews 1:1-3; John 1:14.

III. Peter’s Objection. Vs. 6-11.

1. Due to false humility; v. 6. True he was not worthy but Christ knew that.

2. Due to hasty judgment; vs. 7, 8. Christ never makes mistakes; v. 7. Cp. John 14:26; 1 Peter 5:5.

3. The answer; v. 7. Peter learned his lesson. See 1 Peter 5:5, 6.

IV. The Teaching;. V. 10.

1. The Bath: “Washed”—bathed all over. This is regeneration, which is done once and for all, never to be repeated! Titus 3:5; 1 Peter 1:23; Hebrews 10:1-12; John 15:3; Hebrews 10:14.

2. The Basin “for the feet.” Daily cleansing Is necessary. As the word of God, like a mirror, reveals our defilement, we are to judge, confess and turn from all known sin and thus realize what “the washing of water by the word” really means. By the bath we are made clean. By the basin we are kept clean. Ephesians 5:26; 1 John 1:7; Psalm 119:9. Ill.: Exodus 40:6, 7; first the altar, then the laver.

3. The Bosom; v. 23. For communion and fellowship. Cp. 1 John 1:3; John 14:23.

4. The Badge; v. 35. His disciples are to be known, not by the great sermons they preach, or the great miracles they perform, but by their love for each other. Cp. 1 John 4:7-12.

V. The Application. Vs. 12-17.

1. The Lord’s example; vs. 13-15. Cp. 2 Corinthians 8:9.

2. The lesson to His disciples; vs. 14-17. Cp. Philippians 2:3; 1 Peter 5:6.

Lesson 205: The Comforter
John 14:16-26; 16:7-15
Golden Text: John 16:8

I. The Promise of the Comforter. John 14:16 Luke 24:49; Acts 1:4.

1. His work in the Old Testament. He came “upon” certain ones. See Exodus 31:3; 1 Samuel 10:10; 2 Chronicles 15:1; 2 Peter 1:21; John 16:17. For specific service.

2. The Divine expediency; 16:7. It was better for the disciples that He went and that the Holy Spirit came. His coming was dependent on Christ’s going.

II. The Personality of the Comforter. John 14:17; 16:7, 8, 13, 14. Not an “influence” but a Person who

1. Can be Grieved; “Ephesians 4:30.

2. Intercedes; Romans 8:26.

3. Searches and knows; 1 Corinthians 2:10, 11.

4. Reveals and speaks; Acts 10:9; 13:2.

5. Hears, etc.; John 16:7-15.

6. Can be Quenched; 1 Thessalonians 5:19.

7. May be despised; Hebrews 10:29.

III. His Titles:

1. “Comforter” or “Paraclete,” which means “one called to the side of another.” Same word as advocate; 1 John 2:1.

2. Holy Spirit; John 14:26. Cp. Ephesians 4:30, etc. Emphasizing His infinite holiness.

3. Spirit of Truth; John 16:13.

IV. His Deity. Cp. John 15:26; 14:26; with John 13:3 and 16:28. Note passages where Father, Son and Holy Spirit are seen working together. Matthew 3:16, 17; John 15:26; Ephesians 2:18; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Acts 5:3, 4. He is the third Person in the Trinity.

V. His Work.

1. In relation to the world; John 16:8-11. To convince, convict or reprove the world of (1) Sin, because of unbelief; v. 9. Cp. Acts 2:37; 7:54; 9:5; 16:29; 24:25, etc. Conviction of sin is produced by the Spirit. (2) Righteousness by the resurrection of Christ. Proof of His sinless life, finished work, accepted sacrifice. Cp. Acts 2:24; 17:31; Romans 4:24, 25. (3) Judgment: Its certainty because Satan has been judged. Acts 17:21; Hebrews 9:27, etc.

2. In relation to the Believer: (1) To baptize into the body of Christ upon his believing. John 3:5; 1 Corinthians 12:13; Ephesians 1:13. (2) To indwell every believer. 1 Corinthians 3:16; John 14:27; 1 Corinthians 6:19; Ephesians 4:30. (3) To produce fruit in the Christian’s life as He is allowed to be ungrieved; Galatians 5:22, 23. (4) To reveal Christ through the word. John 14:26; 16:13. (5) To guide into all truth; John 16:13. (6) To intercede for us; Romans 8:26. (7) To comfort and give victory over the flesh; Galatians 5:17, 18, 25.

Lesson 206: Christ’s Teaching On Future Retribution
Matthew 12:36, 37, 41, 42; Luke 12:1-5; Mark 9:43-48; Matthew 25:41-46
Golden Text: Luke 12:5

I. Certainty of It. Attested to by:

1. The word of God. Psalm 9:17; Isaiah 66:24; Job 36:18; Hebrews 9:27; 2 Thessalonians 1:8, 9; Jude 14, 15; Revelation 20:10-15, etc.

2. The words of Christ, ten passages in which He used “Gehenna.” Think of Who it is that speaks. Matthew 5:22, 20, 30; 8:12; 10:28; 13:41, 49, 50; 23:15; 23:33. Note for whom prepared; Matthew 25:41. He did not lie, deceive or merely frighten but spake as God.

3. Christ’s sufferings. Why the need of His birth, His infinite sufferings, His death for sin, if no eternity of woe? (1) He died to save from hell; John 3:16, etc. “Should not perish.” (2) He lives to deliver from the pit. 1 Thessalonians 1:10; Job 33:24.

II. The Description of It. Matthew 8:12; 13:41, 42; 25:30, etc.

1. Sorrow—“weeping.” Ill.: Luke 16:24. Weeping that’s too late.

2. Misery—“wailing.” The cry of the lost soul: “O that I had been saved when I had the chance.” The bitter regrets. Memory is active in this fearful place. See Luke 16:25. “Son, remember.” The worm that dieth not. Mark 9:43-48; Luke 13:38.

3. Torment, “gnashing of teeth.” The fearful fire! How solemn. Matthew 25:41; Mark 9:43, 45, 47; Revelation 20:14; Luke 16:24.

III. The Duration of It—Everlasting. The word “Aionios” translated “everlasting” and “eternal” is used in these scriptures: Matthew 18:8; 19:16; 25:46; Mark 3:29; Luke 14:9; 18:30; John 3:15, 16, 36; 5:24; Romans 16:26; 2 Corinthians 4:17, 18; 2 Thessalonians 1:9; 2 Timothy 2:10; Hebrews 5:9; 9:14; 9:12; 2 Peter 4:11; 1 Peter 5:10; Jude 7. The same word that describes the lifetime of God, and the duration of the glories of heaven is used to denote the duration of punishment. How unspeakably solemn! The “gulf fixed” of Luke 16 eliminates all “larger hope” theories.

IV. The Cause of It:

1. Sins. Matthew 12:36, 37; Deuteronomy 24:16; Ezekiel 18:4, 20; Revelation 20:12; Hebrews 9:27.

2. Rejection of Christ. Mark 16:16; John 3:18; 3:36; 5:40; 8:24. 21; 1 Peter 4:17. This is the damning sin; John 16:9.

V. The Escape Front It. Only one way. John 14:6; 10:9; 3:16.

1. Hearing the word. John 5:24; Romans 10:17. (1) As to your need. (2) As to Christ’s work. (3) As to way of salvation.

2. Believing the Person. Mark 16:16; Acts 16:31, etc.

3. Confessing His name; Romans 10:9, 10.

Lesson 207: The Lords Supper
Luke 22:1-20; Cp. 1 Corinthians 11:23-28
Golden Text: Mark 10:45

I. The Circumstances. Vs. 1-6.

1. The Passover feast; v. 1, 7, of which He was to be the antitype. Cp. Ex. 12:3-13; 21-24; 1 Corinthians 5:7; John 1:29; 1 Peter 1:18.

2. The fearful bargain; vs. 2-5. What an awful exchange! Cp. Mark 8:37. What are you exchanging Him for?

3. The fateful night—the night of His betrayal. The dark shadows of Gethsemane and Calvary just ahead. With all this before Him He instituted the memorial feast.

II. The Place. Vs. 7-13. The upper room.

1. The commission; vs. 7, 8. His commands are His enablings.

2. The revelation; vs. 9-13. Another proof of His omniscience.

3. The man of the city; vs. 10:12. (1) He was a servant; v. 11. “Master.” Are you? Cp. Luke 16:13; Ephesians 6:6; Philippians 1:1, etc. Who is your Master? Romans 6:16. (2) He had room for Christ in his house; v. 12. Have you? Luke 19:5. Is He in your heart? Revelation 3:20; Ephesians 3:17; Colossians 1:27; John 14:23.

III. The Persons.

1. Christ the Lord of Glory, Creator of all things, the eternal Son of the eternal God. John 17:24; 1:1-3; Hebrews 1:1-38.

2. The disciples. Poor, failing, weak, all of whom were to forsake Him; Matthew 26:56. Yet He loved them and they loved Him. Do you? John 14:23. This supper is only for those who are born again. Judas went out after the Passover supper. See John 13:30.

IV. The Purpose—Remembrance; vs. 15-20. Distinguish between the Passover supper and the Lord’s supper. Note Matthew 26:17-25—the Passover; vs. 26-28—the Lord’s supper.

1. The Bread. Symbol of

        (1) The bruising of Christ by scourge, nails and spear as the wheat is bruised between the upper and lower millstone.

        (2) His death as “corn of wheat.” John 12: 24; Hebrews 2:11.

        (3) The fire of God’s wrath. The bread goes into the oven. This speaks of Christ’s unseen sufferings. Psalm 88:7.

        (4) The union of Christ with His own. They are one. It is one loaf and speaks of the believers union with Christ in

          (a) Substance. John 17:21; Hebrews 2:11.

          (b) Destiny; John 17:24.

          (c) Eternal union; Revelation 19:9.

2. The Cup—reminder of

        (1) Life given. John 10:18; Isaiah 53:12.

        (2) Life taken. Hebrews 9:22; Leviticus 17:11.

        (3) Life received; John 6:55.

        (4) Life in its fullness of joy. John 15:11; Psalm 104:15.

Emphasize that the bread and fruit of the vine are but symbols and merely picture to us the body and blood of Christ.

Lesson 208: Jesus The Coming Savior
John 14:1-14
Golden Text: John 14:1, 2

I. The Circumstances. John 13.

1. The betrayer gone; v. 30. “Into the night.” What a tragedy! John 3:19. Cp. Ephesians 5:11; Jude 13.

2. The Lord’s supper observed; Matthew 26:26-28.

3. Peter’s rash avowal; John 13:36-38.

II. The Person “Who Promised. V. 1. The Lord Jesus. His promises rest on three pillars:

1. His truth—He cannot lie. Matthew 24:35; John 14:6.

2. His love—He will not falter. John 17:26; 13:1; 14:21, etc.

3. His power—He will perform. Matthew 28:18; John 5:26, 27; Romans 1:4, etc.

Note in vs. 1, 2. Three great problems are solved.

        (1) The problem of this present providence—“Ye believe in God.” This will satisfy the believer.

        (2) The problem of sin—“Believe also in Me.” Faith in Christ will settle this.

        (3) The problem of the future—“I go to prepare a place.”

III. The Promise Made. Vs. 2-4.

1. To go and prepare a place. This has been done; Acts 1:10, 11.

2. To come again. This is the great subject of the N. T. On an average one out of every twenty-five verses refers to the second coming. Cp. 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; 1:10; 2:19; Acts 1:11; Romans 8:23; 1 Corinthians 1:7, etc.

3. To receive all His own to Himself; v. 3. Cp. 1 Corinthians 15:23; 1 Thessalonians 4:14, 17.

4. To be forever with Him; v. 3. (1) To see Him; 1 John 3:2. (2) To be like Him; 1 John 3:2. (3) To dwell forever with Him; Revelation 19:7-9; 21:3; 22:3. (4) The effect of this hope on the life. 1 John 3:3; 1 Thessalonians 1:9, 10; 1 John 2:28, etc.

IV. The Question Asked and Answered. V. 5.

1. The question; v. 5. Where is the way? The question of the hour: Man lost in sin needs a way, needs the truth, needs the life.

2. The answer: Christ the way, truth and life. (1) The way (a) of salvation. Acts 4:12; 13:38; 16:31, etc. (b) Of access. Hebrews 10:20; Ephesians 2:8. (c) To heaven; Revelation 21:27. (2) The truth because (a) Truth exposes error. John 3:19, 20; 15:22. (b) Makes free; John 8:34-36. (3) The life (a) He came to give it; John 10:10. (b) He died to procure it; John 12:24. (c) He lives to impart it. John 10:27-30; 5:12, etc.

3. The question of Philip; v. 8.

4. The answer; vs. 9-14. How sublime and yet how simply expressed.

        (1) The Father revealed in the Son; vs. 9-11. Cp. John 1:18; 5:19, 30; 17:8, 23.

        (2) The promise of future miracles; v. 12. See the triumphs of the gospel in all the world. The spiritually dead raised; Ephesians 2:1, etc.

        (3) The encouragement for prayer; vs. 13, 14. A blank check on the Bank of Heaven.

Lesson 209: Jesus The True Vine
John 15:1-27
Golden Text: John 15:6

I. The Necessity For This Union.

1. Man is separated from Him. Cp. Isaiah 59:1, 2; Ephesians 2:12.

2. Man is dead and without life. Ephesians 2:1; 4:18; Colossians 2:13.

3. Man is fruitless; vs. 4-6. Luke 13:6-9; Matthew 3:10; 21:19. Ill. Isaiah 5:1-7.

II. The Means of This Union.

1. The ploughing of the soil in preparation for the planting. Here is the conviction of the Spirit. John 16:8; Hosea 10:12, 13; 6:1; Isaiah 28:24, etc.

2. The sower. The Lord Jesus. By His death and resurrection. Matthew 13:37; John 12:24.

3. The seed. The word of God. 1 Peter 1:23-25; James 1:18; Hebrews 4:12. Living, powerful, life giving.

4. The soil—the human heart; Luke 8:15.

5. The result. Life in Christ; Colossians 3:3.

III. The Results of This Union. Vs. 2-25.

1. Fruit; vs. 2-6. Note the various fruits that should be seen in every Christian’s life.

        (1) Of the Spirit; Galatians 5:22, 23—ninefold.

        (2) Of righteousness; Philippians 1:11. In a righteous life before men.

        (3) Of holiness—separation; Romans 6:22.

        (4) Of lips—thanksgiving. Hebrews 13:15; Psalms 92:1-4; 50:23.

        (5) Of work; Colossians 1:10. Consistency and constancy.

        (6) Of soul-winning. Romans 1:13; 1 Corinthians 9: 20-23.

        (7) Of generosity. Philippians 4:17; 2 Corinthians 8:1-9; 9:6-15.

2. Abiding in Christ. Note its consequences in the prayer life of the believer. Vs. 7-9.

        (1) The condition, “abide.”

        (2) The privilege, “ask.” Note the fourfold conditions for prayer. (a) Ask believingly; Matthew 21:22. (b) Ask in His Name; John 14:13. (c) Abiding in Him; John 15:7. (d) According to His word; John 15:7. (e) According to His will; 1 John 5:14.

        (3) The result, “love and joy.”

3. Obedience; vs. 10, 14, 17. Note the emphasis on obedience. There is no substitution for this in the Christian life. “If any will do he shall know;” John 7:17.

4. Joy; v. 11. Cp. Philippians 2:2; 3:1; 4:4-7; 1 John 1:4; Romans 15:13.

5. Love to others; vs. 12-14, 17. Cp. 1 John 2:9-11; 3:14-18.

6. Communion and fellowship; v. 15. Note the threefold division of this chapter.

        (1) “My disciples”—known by what we are; Vs. 1-8.

        (2) “My friends”—known by what we do; vs. 9-15.

        (3) “My witnesses”—known by what we say; vs. 16-27.

7. Service; v. 16. Here is “the mighty ordination of the pierced hands,” the only ordination required for service for Him.

8. Separation from the world; vs. 19-25. Cp John 17:15-17; 1 John 2:15, 16.

IV. The Power to Maintain This Union. V. 26. The Spirit. Cp. Romans 8:8, 9, etc.

Lesson 210: The Lord’s Prayer
John 17:1-26
Golden Text: John 17:4

I. The Setting. On the eve of the most momentous events of His life. His betrayal, judgment, passion and death. With all this before Him, yet in calm, unbroken confidence in the Father, He prays this High Priestly
prayer. This chapter has well been called, “the holy of holies,” and every believer should study it upon his knees and meditate much on its marvelous unfoldings of Divine revelation.

II. The Testimony, Vs. 1-4.

1. As to His Deity, “Thy Son,” etc. He claimed full and essential Deity. See John 5, etc.

2. As to His purpose—“The hour.” What hour? The hour to which an eternal past pointed—the hour of redemption. Cp. Galatians 4:4; Romans 5:6; (marg.) Revelation 13:8; Matthew 26:45; Mark 14:34; Luke 22:53; John 7:30; 12:23, 27; 13:1.

3. As to His power; v. 2. “Over all flesh.” His eternal prerogative. Cp. John 5:21, 26.

4. As to His perfect life; v. 4. Cp. John 8:29. His whole spotless life glorified God. Matthew 3:17; 17:5; John 12:28.

5. As to His work, “finished;” v. 4. Cp. Luke 2:49; John 4:34; 9:4; 19:30.

III. The Prayer. Vs. 5-26.

1. For Himself; vs. 5-8. (1) Co-glorification with the Father as in the eternal past. (2) The believer referred to as God’s gift to Him: “Thou gavest them me.” Cp. Vs. 6, 9, 11, 12, 24. The believer is. Christ’s by donation. (3) The words of the Father given to His own; v. 8. Note the order “gavest … received … known.”

2. For His Own; vs. 9-26. (1) That they might be kept; vs. 9-12. Cp. John 10:27-30; 1 Peter 1:5; Jude 1, 24, 25; Romans 16:25-27. (2) That they might be separated; vs. 13-19. The believer, like the Lord Jesus, is not of this world as to his (a) birth. Luke 1:35; John 1:13; 2 Peter 1:4. (b) Father. John 5:18; Romans 8:15; He the Son; we, the sons, (c) Experience. John 4:32; 1 Corinthians 2:9, 10. (d) Power. John 16:32; Philippians 4:13. (e) Home. John 14:3; 2 Corinthians 5:1-8. Note carefully the believer’s sevenfold relationship to the world. He is chosen and given to Him out of the world; v.6. He is in the world; v. 11. He is not of the world; v. 16. He is sent, by Christ, back into the world; v. 18. He is hated by the world; v. 14. He is kept from the evil in the world; v. 15. Through his testimony the world is to believe; v. 21. (3) That they might be united; vs. 20-23. Cp. 1 Corinthians 12:13, 27; Ephesians 4:3-6; 3:5, 6; 1:22, 23; Galatians 3:28. (4) That they might be with Him in glory; vs. 24-26. What marvelous words—what a wonderful prospect! Cp. 1 John 3:1, 2; Revelation 5:9-14; 19:7-9; 22:1-7, etc.

Lesson 211: The Betrayal
Matthew 26:14-29, 49, 50; John 13:27-30; Matthew 27:3-5
Golden Text: Mark 8:37

I. The Betrayer. Matthew 26:14.

1. His character. (1) Unregenerate. Judas was never born again or saved. Cp. John 13:11; 3:5. Note John 17:12. Literally it reads: “But there is one soul that is lost, even the son of perdition.” (2) Devil possessed. Luke 22:3; John 13:27. Cp. Ephesians 2:2. (3) Son of Perdition; John 17:12.

2. His privileges. Think of his unparalleled opportunities. (1) He was one of the twelve. Mark 3:13-19. Called by Christ. Cp. Matthew 11: 28. Have you been called? John 7:37. (2) He saw the power of Christ in His miracles. Cp. Matthew 11:4, 5, etc. Every born again person is evidence of Christ’s power. (3) He heard the word of Christ. Words of comfort, advice, invitation, warning, denunciation. What a responsibility to hear the word. Cp. John 12:47, 48. (4) He was definitely warned. Matthew 26:24, 25; Mark 14:21. Yet in spite of all these privileges he went on in his sin and to the awful eternity for which he had fitted himself by his devilish treachery. Before we judge him let each ask himself, “What have I done with Jesus?”

II. The Bargain. Matthew 26:15.

1. What he got. (1) Thirty pieces of silver ($15.00). The price of a slave; Exodus 21:32. (2) The name of a betrayer or traitor. John 18:2; Matthew 26:16. (3) Undying contempt and execration of all men. (4) Hell as his eternal portion; Acts 1:25.

2. What he lost. (1) The Lord Jesus Christ the Son of God, Savior and Redeemer. (2) Salvation from his sins. (3) Peace with God. (4) Heaven and eternal glory. Was it a good or bad bargain?

3. Many are exchanging Him for (1) Pleasure. (2) Popularity. (3) Power. (4) Treasures of earth. (5) Business. (6) Friends. (7) Ambition. What will it profit?

III. The Betrayal.

1. The false kiss; Matthew 26:48-50. Note: Judas did not call Him, “Lord.” Cp. 1 Corinthians 12:3.

2. The remorse; Matthew 27:3. It was not repentance but remorse, and this remorse drove him on to suicide.

3. The confession; Matthew 27:4; to Christ’s sinlessness. Note also the demon’s confession; Mark 1:24. Pilate’s; John 19:4-6. Both enemies and friends alike bore testimony to His absolute purity.

4. The awful end; Matthew 27:4.

5. The fearful doom. Acts 1:25; Matthew 26:24. He went to “his own place.” Someone has said (1) Every man has his own place, both here and in eternity. (2) Every man fits himself for his own place. (3) Every man will find himself in his own place. (4) Every man will feel it is his own place when he gets there. Cp. The believer’s “place.” John 14:2. A place of eternal joy. Where is your place?

Lesson 212: The Trial Of Christ
Luke 22:54—23:24
Golden Text: Matthew 27:22

I. Gethsemane. Luke 22:39-46.

1. The prayer; vs. 41-43. Cp. John 4:34; 5:30; 6:38; Psalm 40:6-8. (1) It was a lonely prayer. “He was withdrawn.” (2) A humble prayer; “fell on His face.” Mark 14:35. V. 41. (3) A filial prayer; “Father.” He was One with Him. Mark 14:36. (4) An earnest prayer— blood like sweat; v. 44. (5) A persevering prayer. Three times repeated. Mark 14:39. (6) A resigned prayer. “Not My will.” Mark 14:36; Matthew 26:42. (7) An answered prayer; v. 43. The angel strengthened Him. His perfect submission to the Father’s will. The cup of sacrifice and suffering was His that the cup of salvation might be ours. Psalm 116:12, 13; 1 Corinthians 10:16.

2. The agony; v. 44. Unfathomable were His sufferings. Cp. 1 Peter 3:18. The heavenly visitant; v. 43.

3. The sleeping disciples; v. 45. How dull they were of hearing and slow to learn! Ephesians 5:14; Romans 13:11-14, etc.

II. The Arrest. Vs. 47-53.

1. The betrayal; vs. 47, 48.

2. The hasty blow; vs. 49-51. Cp. Matthew 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-50; John 18:3-11.

3. The submission; vs. 52, 53. The hour of man and the power of darkness. What a wealth of meaning is contained in these words.

III. Before the High Priest. Vs. 66-71.

1. The accusation; vs. 66, 67.

2. The proclamation; vs. 67-70. The force of the words, “Ye say that I am” is “You have said it exactly.”

3. The effect; v. 71. The high priest understood Christ’s words and realized He definitely claimed Deity, and for this claim condemned Him.

IV. Before the Soldiers. John 19:2, 3; Luke 22:63-65. The brutality of the Gentiles here shown against God’s Christ. Cp. Acts 4:27: Psalm 2:2-3.

V. Before Pilate. Luke 23:1-5.

1. The false accusation; vs. 1, 2.

2. The confession; v. 3.

3. The acknowledgement; v. 4. Cp. John 18:38; 19:4, 6.

VI. Before Herod. Luke 23:8-12.

1. Pilate’s quandary; v. 7. Tried to escape responsibility.

2. Herod’s curiosity; vs. 8-10. Christ doesn’t satisfy mere curiosity.

3. The soldier’s mockery; vs. 11, 12. Note v. 12. They were united because of their common rejection of Christ.

VII. Before Pilate Again. Luke 23:13-24.

1. Pilate’s testimony; vs. 4, 14, 22. Cp. 1 Peter 2:22-23.

2. Pilate’s suggestion; Matthew 27:17. (1) Barabbas?—Murderer. Picture of world’s representative. (2) Christ?—Sinless Son of God. God’s representative. Which? Matthew 27:22.

3. Pilate’s condemnation; v. 24. (1) It was against his right judgment; vs. 22-24. In this trial it was the Judge who became the accused and the condemned. (2) It was for the purpose of pleasing the public. John 19:12, 13: Acts 3:13. Many a person since has sold his soul for popularity. (3) What are you doing with Him?

Lesson 213: Peter’s Denial
Luke 22:31-34; Mark 14:26-31, 50-72
Golden Text: Galatians 6:3

God’s biographies, unlike man’s, not only emphasize the good points of a person’s life for our encouragement; but depict his failings for our warning.

I. The Prayer. Luke 22:31, 32.

1. Satan’s desire; v. 31. Cp. 1 Peter 5:8; 2 Timothy 2:26. To sift as wheat. In Satan’s sieve. (Illust. Job 1:6-12; 2:1-8). Temptation comes from the devil, testing from God; James 1:13.

2. Christ’s prayer; v. 32. An illustration of Christ’s advocacy for His people. Cp. 1 John 2:1; Hebrews 7:25; 9:24; 4:12-16; John 17:15. Note the content of this prayer. For (1) “Unfailing faith. (2) A changed attitude, “converted.” See Acts 2:14; 4:13, etc. (3) A useful service, “strengthen.” Cp. 1 Peter 1:3-9; 2:20, 21, etc.

II. The Avowal. V. 33. Cp. Mark 14:29. All “I.”

1. Due to self confidence. Cp. 1 Corinthians 10:12; Proverbs 28:26; Psalm 30:6; Proverbs 3:5, 7; 26:12; 28:26; Isaiah 5:21; Romans 12:16, etc.

2. Due to ignorance of himself. Cp. Jeremiah 17:9. He little knew the deceit and wickedness of his own heart. Do we?

3. Due to desire to make a “fair show in the flesh.” Galatians 6:12; John 6:63; 1 Corinthians 1:29.

III. The Warning. V. 34. The Lord knew Peter, though Peter did not know himself; John 2:25, etc.

IV. The Test. Mark 14:43-53. Cp. 1 Peter 1:7; James 1:2-4. Tested by Christ’s betrayal, arrest and trial.

V. The Denial. Mark 14:50, 53, 54, 66-71.

1. His backsliding was not sudden. It never is. Note steps (1) His carnality; Matthew 16:21-23. Cp. 1 Corinthians 3:1-3. (2) Self confidence; Mark 14:26-31. (3) Open denial; Mark 14:66-71. (Illust. Abraham—he journeyed toward Egypt. Genesis 12:9, 10. David, etc.).

2. His attitude. (1) Forsook Him and fled; v. 50. (2) Followed afar off; v. 54. (3) Sat with his Master’s enemies; v. 54. Cp. Psalm 1:1. (4) Warmed himself at their fire; v. 54. No wonder he denied the Lord.

3. His denial; vs. 66-71. (1) The cause—“A maid.” Three times he had the opportunity to fulfill his boast; Mark 14:31. (3) The denial—three times, punctuated by the old Galilean oaths and curses! How are the mighty fallen! (4) The cock crow; v. 72.

VI. The Repentance.

1. The word; Mark 14:72. Cp. Psalms 119:11, 59.

2. The look. What a look it must have been! Luke 22:61.

3. The effect of the word and look—Repentance! Luke 22:62. Cp. 2 Corinthians 7:9-11: Psalm 119:59, etc.

Lesson 214: The Crucifixion
John 19:14-42
Golden Text: Isaiah 53:5

I. The Person on the Cross.

1. The Lord—He was God. Hebrews 1:1-3; John 1:1. Think of it! God, clothed in humanity, expiating sin by the sacrifice of Himself! Hebrews 9:26.

2. Jesus—He was a Savior; Matthew 1:21. He came for this. Mark 10:45; John 10:15-18.

3. Christ. He was “the Anointed.” The Messiah; Matthew 26:63, 64.

II. The Path to the Cross. It was

1. A path of rejection; vs. 14, 15. Cp. Isaiah 53:3. Does your cry resemble theirs?—“Away with Him.”

2. A path of surrender; v. 16. They led Him—He did not resist. Isaiah 53:7; 1 Peter 2:21, 22.

3. A path of labor; v. 17. “Bore His cross.” He knew what it was to sweat and thus assumed the curse that sin had brought; Genesis 3:19.

4. A path of physical suffering; v. 18. The scourging. The crown of thorns. The buffeting of men. The nail pierced hands and feet. The tortured body. Isaiah 53:5; Zechariah 13:6, 7.

5. A path of ignominy and shame; Mark 15:19-32. Cp. Psalm 69:4-14.

6. A path of darkness; Mark 15:33. Three hours of it. How dark the world was when its Light (John 8:12) was despised and rejected!

7. A path of infinite suffering. Sin laid upon Him. Isaiah 53:6; 1 Peter 2:24; 2 Corinthians 5:21; John 1:29; 1 Corinthians 15:3. The awful cry; Mark 14:34. Who can comprehend it? Cp. Psalm 88:6, 7, 16, 18.

8. A path of substitution. Barabbas could say, “He died instead of me.” Cp. 1 Peter 3:18; Galatians 2:20. Can you?

9. A path of a completed work—“It is finished!” Cp. Luke 2:49; John 4:34; 17:4; 19:30. All the work that saves the sinner has been fully done.

III. The Words From the Cross.

1. Intercession, “forgive;” Luke 23:34.

2. Promise; Luke 23:43.

3. Love; John 19:26.

4. Spiritual suffering; Mark 14:34.

5. Physical suffering; John 19:28.

6. Victory; John 19:30.

7. Authority; Luke 23:46. “He dismissed His Spirit.”

IV. The Work on. the Cross. Emphasize this aspect.

1. It is an historic fact.—Christ died. Romans 14:15; 8:34; 1 Corinthians 8:11.

2. It was substitutionary in its character—for the ungodly, etc. Romans 5:6-8; 1 Corinthians 15:3; 1 Peter 3:18; Galatians 2:20; Romans 4:24, 25.

3. It is complete in its work, “once.” Romans 6:9, 10; Hebrews 9:12, 28; 10:12, 14.

4. It is delivering in its purpose. 2 Corinthians 5:15; Romans 5:17; Luke 11:21, 22; 1 Thessalonians 1:10.

5. It is practical in its aim. To deliver the believer (1) From the consequences of his sin; 1 Corinthians 15:2-4. (2) From the control of sin; Romans 6:14. (3) From the committal of sin at His coming; Revelation 22:3. See also Romans 14:9; Galatians 1:4; Romans 6:10, 11; Galatians 6:14.

Lesson 215: The Dying Thief
Luke 23:27-43
Golden Text: Ephesians 2:8, 9

From the Gallows Through Grace to Glory.

I. His Character. Of all people, the most undeserving.

1. He had wasted his life in a criminal career. Spent all his health, strength, money, time and opportunities on sin of desperate character. Now cp. Romans 3:22, 23; 3:10-19.

2. He had lived on bounties of God, breathed His air, eaten His food, etc., and yet had given Him not a moment of his time—have you? See David 5:23, last clause.

3. He had stolen from himself, his fellow man and God. He was a thief, robber and outlaw. Luke 10:27; Mark 8:37; Malachi 3:8.

4. He was a rejecter and blasphemer of the Son of God. See Mark 15:32; Matthew 27:41-44. Have you rejected Him and despised Him?

II. His Condition.

1. He was suffering for his own sins; v. 23. Sin brings its own punishment. Galatians 6:7; Hosea 8:7; Proverbs 13:15.

2. He was unworthy of the least mercy. He was a rebel sinner. Cp. Romans 8:5-8; Ephesians 2:1-3, 12, 13.

3. He was helpless to save himself. (1) Couldn’t work for his salvation—his hands were nailed. Ephesians 2:9; Galatians 2:16; Romans 4:5. (2) Couldn’t go down on his knees in attitude of prayer; Romans 6:23. (3) Couldn’t pay for his salvation—he was penniless. Isaiah 55:1; Revelation 22:17. (4) No ordinance or ceremony could be received by him. He could not be baptized or take communion, or join the church, etc. If he is to be saved it must be on the ground of free, full and sovereign grace.

III. His Confession. Vs. 40, 41.

1. Its source—the fear of God. V. 40. Eternity had been coming before him with judgment to follow. Hebrews 9:35; Matthew 12:36, 37.

2. Its content. (1) As to his sinfulness. V. 41. Cp. Luke 18:13; 15:18, etc. (2) As to his punishment. V. 41. “Justly.” Do you deserve to go to hell? (3) As to sinlessness of Christ. “Nothing amiss.” Cp. 1 Peter 2:22; Hebrews 7:26, etc.

IV. His Cry. V. 42. Note what he saw.

1. He saw in Christ a Substitute—If “nothing amiss”—then He must be there for someone else—could it be for him?

2. He saw in Christ a Savior—“Jesus”—Savior; Matthew 1:21.

3. He saw in Christ—Deity, “Lord;” 1 Corinthians 12:3. Cp. Romans 10:9, 10.

4. He saw Christ on the cross where every sinner must see Him; John 1:29.

5. He anticipated a resurrected Savior—“When Thou comest;” Romans 4:24, 25.

6. He had the word of Christ to rely on. V. 43. Cp. John 5:24, etc.

7. He heard the triumphant cry “finished;” John 19:30.

V. His Comfort. V. 43. He had

1. The best Promiser—“Jesus.”

2. The best place—“Paradise.”

3. The best time—:today.”

4. The best company—“with Me.”

Lesson 216: The Resurrection
John 20:1-18, 24-31
Golden Text: 1 Corinthians 15:3, 4

I. The Guarded Tomb. Matthew 27:62-66.

1. The world had crucified its Creator. The darkest period in the world’s history. Genesis 1:2; Matthew 12:38-40.

2. The powers at the tomb. (1) The civil power—the seal. (2) The religious power—the temple watch. (3) The military power—the Roman soldiers. (4) The Devil—He that had the power of death. All these four powers combined to keep Him in the tomb. Imagine trying to bind the Creator!

3. The power in the tomb! The Son of God. “Death could not keep its prey.” Cp. Acts 2:24; Romans 1:4; Ephesians 1:19, 20. Read Matthew 28:2-4.

II. The Visitors to the Tomb. John 20:1-10.

1. The women. Cp. Matthew 28; Luke 24; Mark 16. Their message; Matthew 28:7, 8. Here is “the gospel according to the angels.” It was a gospel of (1) Reassuring declaration, “fear not.” (2) Fullest appreciation, “I know.” (3) Divine substitution, “was crucified.” (4) Unanswerable vindication, “as He said.” (5) Joyous proclamation, “Go and tell.” (6) Satisfying revelation, “Ye shall see Him.”

2. The disciples—Peter and John. What they found—an empty tomb. “The eloquence of the empty tomb.”

3. The angelic message; Luke 24:5-7; and its effect on the disciples; Luke 24:11. Christ’s enemies remembered what His disciples forgot! Cp. Matthew 27:63.

III. The Risen Savior. Vs. 11-29. These appearances will be dealt with more fully in the next lessons.

1. Revealed to Mary; vs. 13-18.

2. To the women; Matthew 28:8-10.

3. To Peter; Luke 24:34. Cp. 1 Corinthians 15:5.

4. To disciples on way to Emmaus; Luke 24:30.

5. To apostles; Luke 24:36-43.

6. To apostles with Thomas; John 20:24-29.

7. To disciples on the lake; John 21.

IV. The Meaning of the Resurrection. Too little is preached about the resurrection of Christ. It is a truth that is an essential part of the gospel and, apart from which, there is no gospel. See 1 Corinthians 15:1-5; Acts 4:2, 33; 17:18; 23:6; 1:22.

1. It is the proof of His death; 1 Corinthians 15:3.

2. It is the proof of the completeness of His redemptive work. Romans 4:25; 1 Corinthians 15.

3. It is the unanswerable proof of His eternal Deity. Romans 1:4; Acts 2:24.

4. It is the full proof of the Old Testament authenticity; Acts 2:24-32.

5. It is the pattern and pledge of believers resurrection; 1 Corinthians 15:19-22.

6. It is the proof He will be Judge of all men; Acts 17:31.

7. It is the full and complete vindication that He was all He claimed to be; John 10:18, 19. The resurrection was God’s “Amen” to Christ’s “It is finished!” The greatest Man alive today is the Lord Jesus Christ. He is the unescapable One Whom all must meet, either in time or eternity. Happy are those who are linked in life to “the Man in the glory!”

Lesson 217: The Risen Lord Comforting And Restoring|
John 20:11-18; Luke 24:34
Golden Text: Colossians 3:1, 2

The 40 days post-resurrection ministry of the Lord is an illustration of His present ministry as our great high Priest. What He did for His disciples in those days, He is doing for His disciples in these days.

I. Comforting the Sorrowful. John 20:11-18.

1. The sorrowing woman; vs. 11, 18. Mary Magdalene. Who she was; Mark 16:9. A miracle of grace and of testimony to the omnipotent power of the Son of God, as is every Christian. Ephesians 2:1; Romans 1:16; Ephesians 1:19, 20.

2. The sad lament; v. 13. The lost Christ. Cp. Luke 2:43-45. How forgetful she was! He had plainly taught His resurrection.

3. The unrecognized Master; vs. 14, 15. Cp. Luke 24:16. See Matthew 18:20. Do we always realize His presence? Why not? Unbelief, worldliness, self-seeking and sorrow, etc., often hide Him. Often “behind a frowning providence He hides a smiling face.”

4. The blessed revelation; v. 16. “Mary.” She recognized that voice and saw her risen Lord before her. The glad response, “Master”—Lord. Is it yours? Cp. Luke 16:13; John 13:13, 14; Romans 10:9, 10; 12:1, 2.

5. The wondrous commission; v. 17. (1) To whom. “My brethren.” Cp. Hebrews 2:11; John 1:12; Romans 8:14-17; Psalm 22:22. What an honor to be members of the royal family! Do we belong to “the brethren?” (2) Its content. “I ascend.” Death forever past, in His resurrection and ascension all His own are linked with Him. “My God—your God,” etc. Cp. 1 John 4:19; 1 Corinthians 1:30; Isaiah 8:18; Hebrews 2:10. Note “the togethers.” Romans 6:5; Colossians 2:13; Ephesians 2:6; Romans 8:17.

II. Restoring the Fallen. Luke 24:34; 1 Corinthians 15: 5; Mark 16:7.

1. The man. “Peter.” The sad history of his denial. Picture his feelings. The Lord had been rejected, despised, crucified and entombed, and he, the proud boaster, had denied he ever knew Him! Mark 14:71.

2. The message of the angel. “And Peter;” Mark 16:7. Emphasize the “and Peter.” The Lord knew what was going on in Peter’s heart and. lest he should be “swallowed up with overmuch sorrow” (2 Corinthians 2:7), sent this special message to him. How gracious of the Lord! The Lord was still unchanged as to His love. (John 13:1). His prayer (Luke 22:32) and intercession was restoring in its influence.

3. The interview. Luke 24:34; 1 Corinthians 15:5. What transpired we are not told, but we can well imagine that memorable interview. What humbling, sorrow, self-distrust, confession, etc., must have taken place! 1 John 1:9; Hebrews 4:15, 16.

4. The result. Restoration. See his eagerness; John 21:7. Private restoration, in heart, unto the Lord, must always preceed public restoration.

Lesson 218: The Risen Lord, Teaching
Luke 24:13-48
Golden Text: Luke 24:27

III. Teaching; the Ignorant.

1. The unbelieving disciples. V. 11. In spite of the plain statements of Matthew 20:19, 10:21, 12:38-40; Mark 9:31; Luke 18:33, etc. They had seen His word verified in healing of sick and raising of dead, yet doubted this.

2. The sad walk. Vs. 13-17. All their hopes were gone. V. 21. Nothing left to live for. The light had departed from their lives. Try to imagine this world with no resurrected, living, loving and powerful Savior. How great the darkness! What it would mean; 1 Corinthians 15:17-19.

3. The wondrous Stranger. Vs. 15-31. (1) The Person—“Jesus, Himself.” Not an apparition, or influence, but Himself. Note “Himself” (a) Our Sacrifice; Hebrews 1:3. (b) Our Substitute; Galatians 2:20. {c) Our Savior; Titus 2:14. (d) Our Uniter; Ephesians 5:25. e) Our Teacher; Luke 24:13. (f) Our Hope; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18. (g) Our Presenter; Ephesians 5:26, 27. (2) The question; vs. 17-24. Note the eagerness of Christ to hear from human lips the first news of His resurrection! (3) The answer; vs. 19-24. (a) Note their description of Him, “Mighty in deeds and words,” etc. Cp. Moses. “Mighty in words and deeds.” (b) Their disappointed hopes. V. 21. Their thoughts were far from God’s thoughts. They could only see a reigning Messiah but forgot that the suffering Messiah of Psalm 22 must come before the reigning Messiah of Psalm 24. (c) The astonishing story; vs. 22-24. (3) The Royal reply; vs. 25-27. (a) Expostulation; v. 25. Cp. Hebrews 5:11-14; 1 Corinthians 3:1-3. (b) Elucidation; v. 26. The divine necessity. Suffering and glory are linked together. Cp. 1 Peter 1:11; Romans 8:18. (c) Exposition; v. 27. Note the Expositor—the greatest—Jesus Himself; Colossians 2:3. The Authority, the surest. The Scriptures. Matthew 24:35; 1 Peter 1:23-25. The Theme, the grandest—Himself! John 5:39; Hebrews 10:7; Luke 24:44. (4) The Invitation; vs. 28, 29. “Abide with us.” Cp. John 15:4, 7; 14:23; Revelation 3:20; Ephesians 3:17; Colossians 3:16. (5) The revelation; vs. 30, 31. Note when and how. Doubtless they saw the nail-marked hands as He broke the bread. (6) The Testimony; vs. 32-35. The burning heart. Its cause. (a) Fellowship with Christ; 1 John 1:3-7. (b) Communion with Christ. (c) The opened effect; vs. 33, 34. They returned to Jerusalem with a change of heart, hope and pace to tell the glad news!

Lesson 219: The Risen Lord Cheering And Confirming
John 20:19-31
Golden Text: John 20:31

IV. Cheering the Fearful. John 20:19-23.

1. The fearful disciples; v. 19. They were beginning to realize the truth of John 15:20; Matthew 5:11.

2. The comforting message; v. 19. Locked doors cannot keep Him out. Note the day; v. 19. Cp. V. 26. Acts 20:7. The message of peace. He was the Prince of Peace; Isaiah 9:6. (a) He has made a peace possible with God; Romans 5:1. (b) The peace of God; Philippians 4:6-8. (c) The presence of the God of peace; Philippians 4:8, 9. Note. (1) He made peace; Ephesians 2:15. (2) Is our peace; Ephesians 2:14.

3. The displayed wounds; v. 20. He left them in no doubt as to His identity. The wounds were fresh. What the wounds spoke of. (1) Sin punished; Isaiah 53:5. (2) Sin put away; Galatians 3:13. (3) Sacrifice completed; Romans 4:24, 25. (4) Forgiveness obtained; 1 John 2:1, 2.

4. The joyful disciples; v. 20. Seeing the Lord brings: (1) Conviction; Isaiah 6:1. (2) Salvation. Exodus 14:13; Isaiah 45:22. (3) Deliverance. Mark 5:6; John 1:29. (4) Joy; John 20:20. (5) Worship; Hebrews 2:9. (6) Example; John 1:36. (7) Likeness. I John 3:2; 2 Corinthians 3:18.

5. The commission; vs. 21-23. (1) Its Authority—Himself; v. 21. (2) Its power—the Holy Spirit; v. 22. (3) Its Content; v. 23.

V. Confirming the Doubtful. John 20:24-31. There is a difference between doubt and unbelief. Doubt is the suspension of judgment because of the lack of evidence to confirm a statement. Unbelief is the suspension of judgment in the face of unimpeachable evidence that confirms that statement. Doubt is therefore quite proper, but unbelief—never.

1. The assertion; vs. 24, 25. He believed in the foolish proverb of an unbelieving world that “seeing is believing,” but cp. John 11:40; Psalm 27:13. “Blind unbelief is sure to err.” The believer is to walk by faith and not by-sight.

2. The revelation; v. 26. With the benediction “Peace,” He purchased peace. He proffers peace. He bestows peace. Note the three peace proclamations: (1) The peace of an accomplished redemption; v. 19. (2) The peace of an imparted power; v. 21. (3) The peace of an assuring word; v. 26. The believer needs all three!

3. The invitation; v. 27. Reveals Christ’s omniscience. He knew Thomas’ thoughts and had heard his words.

4. The confession; v. 28. The Lordship and Deity of Christ. Can you say this?

5. The application; v. 29. The blessedness of the believer. Cp. 1 Peter 1:8; 2 Corinthians 5:7; 2 Corinthians 4:18. Faith takes God at His word and trusts implicitly. Hebrews 11:1, 6. Are you one of the blessed ones?

Lesson 220: The Risen Lord Ministering And Commissioning
John 21:1-25
Golden Text: 1 Peter 2:7

VI. Ministering; to His Own. John 21:1-14.

1. The proposal; vs. 1-3. Peter proposed to go back to the old occupation from which He had called them. Matthew 4:18-22; Luke 5:10, 11. Was this a backward step? Impetuous Peter could not wait for Divine directions so acted in self will.

2. The fruitless toil; v. 3. Its reason; John 15:5. This explains a lot of fruitless effort. Philippians 4:13; 1 Corinthians 15:10.

3. The Divine command; vs. 4-6. Omnipotence is behind His word, “He spake and it was done.” His commands are His enablings. Note His question: “Have ye any meat?” They had nothing either for Him or themselves. “The flesh profiteth nothing.”

4. The recognized Lord; vs. 7, 8. Note who by and why; John 13:23. Do we see Him in the circumstances of life? Romans 8:28; Hebrews 13:5; Matthew 6:26.

5. The Divine provision; vs. 9-14. He knew their needs and anticipated it with His own provision, “Come and dine.” We must dine for ourselves first before we can feed others. (1) The question; v. 5, revealed their need. (2) His invitation; v. 12, revealed His provision Cp. His care now for His own. (a) Temporal needs. Philippians 4:19; Matthew 6:33. (b) Spiritual needs. Hebrews 7:25; 4:15, 16; 1 John 2:1, 2.

VII. Commissioning: a Disciple. Vs. 15-25.

1. The repeated question; vs. 15-17. Three times Peter had denied he ever knew the Lord and three times he reaffirms his love.

2. The commission; vs. 15-17. “Feed my lambs.” Feed my sheep. The sheep. (1) Astray; Isaiah 53:6. (2) Sought; Luke 15:4. (3) Found; Luke 15:5. 2 Peter 2:25. (4) Shepherded—cared for; Ezekiel 34:11-16. Christ the Shepherd, (a) The Good Shepherd Who died; John 10:11. (b) The Great Shepherd Who rose; Hebrews 13:20. (c) The Chief Shepherd Who rewards; 1 Peter 5:4. The Under-Shepherd’s responsibility to feed, care, protect, warn and guide; 1 Peter 5:1-4. Our responsibility as S. S. Teachers is to feed the lambs.

3. The prophecied death; vs. 18, 19. Cp. 2 Peter 1:14, Tradition tells us that Peter was crucified upside down as he refused to be crucified like His Lord.

4. The command, “follow me.” Cp. John 10:27; Matthew 4:18-22; 1 Peter 2:21.

5. The deserved rebuke; vs. 20-22. (1) The question; v. 20. Peter in turning around, lost sight of Christ. How often, like Peter, we are more concerned about what others are doing or not doing than seeking to follow-the Lord closely ourselves. Galatians 6:4, 5. (2) The rebuke; v. 22. In other words: “Mind, your own business, Peter, and follow me!”

6. The concluding words; v. 25.